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Swimming

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Imogen Clothier

on 7 June 2010

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Transcript of Swimming

Psychology
in Swimming Anxiety
and arousal "For me to commit to four more years, I needed new challenges and new stimulus and I think that's what this will bring for me," Libby Trickett October 1st 2008 "I have been visualizing myself every night for the past four years standing on the podium having the gold placed around my neck"
Megan Quann "Mainly I like to have fun. Swimming is all about having fun, and I am a firm believer that you should keep swimming as long as you are having fun but, I can say it becomes much more fun as you get older and learn more about the sport, life and especially more about yourself."
Scott Goldblatt State and trait anxiety Sources of stress Optimum arousal Motivation Motivation is the drive for a set goal. It keeps a person going and induces them to behave a certain way. Positive and negative motivation Intrinsic and extrinsic Positive motivation may ocurr through recognition, enjoyment, praise or reward for a good performance.
recieving a ribbion after a good swim
Negative motivation occurs when an athlete feels pressured to complete a task due to the undesirable outcomes faced otherwise.
swimmer may feel pressure to perform in order to stay in a relay team Intrinsic motivation comes from within the athlete. They may be motivated by the joy and satisfaction they feel from performing.
Extrinsic motivation is external from the athlete and is often associated with material gain, recognition, prize money or trophies. These rewards reinforce a certain type of behaviour. Anxiety is an emotional response to a precieved threat, while arousal can be defined as the emotional, mental or physiological process of the body and its ability to give a response to a certain situation. "Sport psychology gives me an advantage over myself that no physical training can ever provide. Sport psychology allows the athlete to use all of their mental strengths. This gives them a huge advantage over their opponents, as usally their biggest opponent is themselves"
Ian Thorpe Stratigies to enhance motivation and manage anxiety Concentration
and attention skills Mental rehearsal, visualisation and imagery Relaxation
techniques Mental rehearsal includes the environment and supplementary events that ocurr with an action.
Visualisation and imagery only inculde the set movement or skills performed.
Both are effective to reduce anxiety, build confidence, focus and reach optimum arousal for performance. "Before the (Olympic) trials I was doing a lot of relaxing exercises and visualization. And I think that that helped me to get a feel of what it was gonna be like when I got there. I knew that I had done everything that I could to get ready for the meet, both physically and mentally"
Michael Phelps "I visualized exactly what was going to happen tonight. It's hard to explain, but when you are focused you almost have no thought. Sitting behind the blocks I was 100 percent cent focused and I didn't have a single thing in my mind. I knew what I had to do and it was just a matter of letting my instincts take over"
Kieran Perkins after winning gold in the 1500m freestyle at the Atlanta Olympics 1996 Goal setting Trait anxiety is an athletes predisposition to percieving a threatening situation as dangerous or non-dangerous.
State anxiety refers to an athletes emotional response to a situation that may involve threatening demands or dangers and is commonly associated with fear, worry, tension and nervousness. "Before the race I felt like I was going to vomit, I was probably that nervous, but then just before I walked out I had an amazing sense of calm and I just said to myself, more than anything I just wanted to walk away with absolutley no regrets" Libby Trickett after at gold medal in the 100m butterfly in 2008 Stress is the body's natural physical or psychological response to an event that makes you feel threatened or upset. It often results in tension, nervousness, worry and a lack of concentration and can be both positive, negative, internal, external, within or exterior to the athletes control. At optimum arousal an athlete will be in the best mental state for performance. The point at which optimum arousal ocurrs varies from athlete to athlete and the event that they are performing in. The two main theroies for optimum arousal are:
Drive theroy
Inverted 'U' theroy

Swimmers often use
Slow controlled breathing to reduce arousal
Listen to fast pace music to build arousal
"I always have on my headphones to blockout all of the other distractions and I'm just focused on doing the best that I can... There a few of them... DMX Party Up... Mark10 BC and Ice Cube Connected for Life. I also listen to the Eminem CD... whichever song really gets me going that night."
Michael Phelps Goal setting is important in an athletes development.
Short term goals
Participating in five training sessions for four weeks straight
Decrease their time for a certain stroke
Swim one full lap of the pool without stopping
Long term goals
Be selected for an olympic team
Take two seconds off PB
Swim two full laps of the pool without stopping Relaxation is used to calm an athlete and help them to get into an optimum mental state for performance. Relaxtion techniques vary from swimmer to swimmer.
"I try and just relax and reflect on all the work I've done in the past season. That's one of the most important things, remembering your goals and how to swim your races. It's also important to get your mind off racing before you race sometimes."
Ian Crocker "It's all about getting to a meet and being as relaxed as possible. Personally, I just try to stay in the crowd of people, just talking so my mind doesn't think only about swimming. That helps me relax. And at this level, we all know what needs to be done once we jump in the pool."
Lenny Krayzelburg "I had a bit of a hard time in marshalling, the suit wouldn't zip up. I had to get changed into an old suit . I'm just running on a bit of stress and and adrenaline at the moment. It's all
catching up with
me."
The end!
Full transcript