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Chapter 8 Section 2
Transcript of Chapter 8 Section 2
The Louisiana Purchase
American Settlers Move West
By the early 1800s, thousands of Americans settled in the new area between the Appalachians and the Mississippi River.
As populations grew, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Ohio were added to the Union.
Spain controlled the Louisiana Territory, but found it impossible to keep Americans from moving into the area.
Under a secret treaty, Spain agreed to trade Louisiana to France.
In 1802, just before handing Louisiana over to the French, Spain once again closed New Orleans to American shipping.
President Jefferson asked the U.S. Ambassador to France, Robert Livingston, to try to buy New Orleans from France.
France was led by Napoleon, a powerful ruler who had crowned himself emperor. He had already conquered most of Europe and wanted to rebuild France's empire in North America.
In the French colony of Haiti, enslaved Africans had revolted and freed themselves from French rule. French soldiers tried to regain control of the island, but were unsuccessful. This ended Napoleon's dream of rebuilding the French empire in North America.
Jefferson Buys Louisiana
When Ambassador Livingston tried to buy New Orleans, the French foreign ministered offered to sell all of Louisiana.
France needed money to fight its European war, and Napoleon also hoped a large U.S. would challenge British power.
The Americans accepted the French offer to sell Louisiana for $15 million.
Remember, Jefferson is a strict constructionist, and the Constitution doesn't say anything about purchasing foreign lands. Jefferson also didn't like spending large amounts of public money.
He decided that the purchase was best for the country, and the Louisiana Purchase roughly doubled the size of the U.S.
Lewis and Clark Expedition
Americans know little about the western lands.
President Jefferson appointed Meriwhether Lewis and William Clark to explore the West.
In May 1804, the Lewis and Clark expedition began its long journey to explore the Louisiana Purchase.
Along the way, they came into contact with many Native Americans, one of which was Sacagawea, who helped the explorers survive.
The expedition did not find a river route across the West to the Pacific Ocean, but they did learn much valuable information about the unknown lands.
The Wilderness Road
Americans found it hard to cross the rugged Appalachian Mountains in their journeys west.
In 1775, Daniel Boone blazed a trail through the Cumberland Gap, a notch in the Appalachian Mountains located near the intersections of Kentucky, Virginia, and Tennessee.
Known as the Wilderness Road, the trail would serve as the pathway to the western United States for some 300,000 settlers over the next 35 years.
Identify the reasons for and the results of the Louisiana Purchase. Know the areas of the Wilderness Road.
Understand the deal struck between the U.S. and France for Louisiana.
Know the Lewis and Clark Expedition.
Know where settlers were moving in the U.S.
In Canvas, go to Discussions.
Select the discussion board called "Bellwork for January 24, 2014".
Type your answer in the "reply" field, and his submit.