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Connected speech phenomena
Transcript of Connected speech phenomena
The phenomenon of r-linking is based on the fact that in Standard British English /r/ in syllable final position is not pronounced, R-linking takes place when a syllable ends with one of the following vowel sounds: /ɑ:/, /ɔ:/, /ɜ:/, /ə/, or any of the diphthongs that finish with a schwa. and the next syllable starts with any vowel sound.
When one word ends with a consonant and the next word begins with a vowel, imagine that the consonant is at the beginning of the next word: a big apple - a bi gapple
Assimilation is a common phonological process by which one sound becomes more like a nearby sound. This can occur either within a word or between words. In rapid speech, for example, "handbag" is often pronounced [ˈhæmbæɡ]
Linking in English
When we say a sentence in English, we join or "link" words to each other. Because of this linking, the words in a sentence do not always sound the same as when we say them individually. Linking is very important in English. If you recognize and use linking, two things will happen:
you will understand other people more easily
other people will understand you more easily
Weak forms are usually distinguished by a change in vowel quality from a border position on the vowel quadrilateral to a central position. The vowel in a weak form is usually the schwa (ə). Weak forms are pronounced more quickly and at lower volume in comparison to the stressed syllables. They are also not central to changes in intonation.
Elision is the omission of one or more sounds (such as a vowel, a consonant, or a whole syllable) in a word or phrase, producing a result that is easier for the speaker to pronounce. Sometimes, sounds may be elided for euphonic effect.
When the sounds [t] or [d] occur between two consonant sounds, they will disappear completely from the pronunciation.
1:05 it was your fault cause
A second form involves the omission of the schwa before liquids [l] and [r]
When a sound at the end of a word takes on the quality of the sound at the begining of the next word.
0:14 could be. (coulb be)
[d] - [b]
When both the last sound of the first word and the first sound of the following word change to a third sound.
what you, but you
When two vowel sounds meet, speakers will often introduce sounds /r/,/j/,/w/ in order to ease
went out in
that I saw I think I