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Francis Bacon (1561-1626)
Transcript of Francis Bacon (1561-1626)
The youngest of two sons, he was tutored at home, until he attended Trinity college in Cambridge at age 12. His family was closely connected to the court of Queen Elizabeth I.
For four decades, Bacon was active in the politics of Parliament. until he was impeached for corruption and left politics for writing and studies as the disgraced Viscount St. Albans.
The Scientific Method
Bacon is credited with having developed the modern scientific method, a set of de-facto, standard steps for conducting an experiment based on observations and data to obtain a solution to an arbitrary, but specific problem.
Bacon strongly believed that scientific knowledge can and should be acquired through closely and carefully studying events in nature.
Knowledge is Power
Bacon made some of the earliest attempts to separate religious thinking from nature. His methods structured the accumulation of evidence to formulate theories, rather than fabricating philosophy. Without his attempts, we may still be living in a world where religion and belief dictates our understanding of the natural world.
Concepts and creations
Influence on the modern world
Francis Bacon (1561-1626)
Francis Bacon is the author of Novum Organum Scientiarium, or the New Instrument of Science, a tome intended to promote inductive reasoning as a method of finding solutions to problems in nature.
The Baconian method is still used to this day for identifying problems in real life and finding solutions to them.
Bacon's massive (and morbidly hilarious) failure
In 1626, Bacon contracted pneumonia from an extremely ill-researched and poorly thought-out experiment hinging on the hypothesis that freezing meat had a substantial positive effect on preservation. While this hypothesis gave the basis for the awesome modern refrigerator, the way he conducted the experiment was not so awesome.
According to an influential account at the time, his experiment was to purchase a gutted chicken, and stuff it full of snow to test the preservation effects. This experiment led Bacon to contract deathly pneumonia and eventually be killed by a cold.