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The Impact of Climate Change on Asia's Economic, Social and Political Systems

by Rod Colas, Annisah Ishmael and Marshalle Genus-Lockhart
by

rod colas

on 27 July 2013

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Transcript of The Impact of Climate Change on Asia's Economic, Social and Political Systems

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
The Impact of Climate Change on Asia's Economic, Social, and Political Systems
Economic Impact
Causes of Climate Change
Let's turn down the Heat
Solutions
The Politics of Climate Change in Asia

Many countries are not well prepared for climate change.
Environmental conflicts, and vulnerable securities of communities are created.
Climate change becomes a factor for international water conflicts, migration and scarcity of resources.
Places pressure on governance, and create political violence.

Politics
International Water Conflict

World’s freshwater resources are affected.
Changes in precipitation patterns, melting of glaciers, rising of sea levels and storm surges limit water supply.
Water conflict lies mostly within Central Asia.


Current Problems
Water catchment from snow and glacier melt from international rivers, Sry Darya and Amu Darya.
Water collection extends across political boundaries, presents conflicts.
Governments of Central Asia and Interstate Coordinating Water Commission (ICWC)
Failed efforts and exceeding quota.

Projected Challenge
Rapid increase in climate change will decrease fresh water faster and decrease standard of living faster.
Solutions:
Reform ICWC.
Revise existing quotas.
Formulate fair payment system.

Issue # 1:
Depleting Reliable Water Supply
Politics
Migration and Scarcity of Resources

South Asia is feeling political impact of migration.
The two countries in particular: India and Bangladesh.
Bangladesh is expected to lose land due to rising sea level. (East Asia Forum)
Approximately 15 million people will be affected.

Current Problem between India and Bangladesh:
Bangladesh can no longer accommodate internal migration.
Migration to India: Cross border conflicts in Assam.
Government of Bangladesh: Strategic Action Plan and National Adaptation Program of Action (NAPA).

Projected Challenges:
Rainfall is expected to increase.
Approximately 20 million people are expected to flee Bangladesh by 2050.
Solutions:
Secure borders.
Policy discussion.
Raise awareness.
What is Climate Change?
Climate change is a long term change in the earth's climate due to increase in the average atmospheric temperature.
Climate change is not an issue for the future, we are currently facing issues surrounding it. (The World Bank, 2013)
Challenges
Increase in Mortality Rate
Issue # 2
Massive Flooding
Challenges of a reduced water supply
Due to human activities, carbon dioxide (CO2) and accumulation of greenhouse gases in earth's atmosphere.
Rising temperatures
Burning of fossil fuels
Deforestation practices
The rise of sea level is an integrated effect of processes associated with global warming .
Mass volumes of ice in polar region melting at staggering pace
Devastating Effects
South- east Asia is one of the world's most vulnerable regions to climate change and could face conflict over failing rice yields, lack of water and high economic costs, a major Asian Development Bank report shows.
The region's economies could lose as much as 6.7 per- cent of combined gross domestic product yearly by 2100, more than twice the global average loss, according to the ADB's report on the economics of climate change in Southeast
Crop net revenue and its impact on Vietnam's economy
Green financing, initiatives, and reducing production cost
Port cities with high exposure to climate extremes
Flooding
The Social Impact of Climate Change in Asia
Loss of life
Loss of income
Loss of home

Causes flooding , precipitation evaporation and run-off water.
creating an
unclean & declining stream flow
leading to a lack of available water supply for consumption
Creating a never-ending cycle......
.
Asia's Water Cycle Due to Climate Change
Solutions
Make good investments in Asia's infrastructure to store and transport water.
Treat and reuse waste water.
Increased investments in dams and canal linings.
drought in severely affected areas
Kharif (monsoon) season crops will be subject to heightened risk of floods and droughts
Rabi (winter) and especially summer crops will experience increased evapotranspiration and thus will need larger, more frequent doses of irrigation
Surface water storage will suffer increased evaporation from large open surfaces of reservoirs and open anal networks as a result of increased temperature
more frequent droughts will also mean greater need for multilayer reservoir storage capacity of which South Asia currently has very little
Challenges
9.6 million people are currently affected by the flooding in Southeast Asia, with 5.3 million in Thailand alone
deaths due to drowning and other factors
increase in spread of fecal and other water borne diseases.
Increase in malnutrition
Solutions
creating structures to contain over flow of water
detection and early warning systems
modification of agricultural practices to prepare for flooding
flood prepardness training

Source: Google Images, Retrieved July 24, 2013
Climate Change
A 4 degrees warmer world will:
The Asia/Pacific region accounted for 91% of the world’s total death due to climate change.
Malaria, Dengue and Diarrhea are among the diseases that lead to infant death in South Asia due to climate change.
Asia has seen an increase in the distribution of vector borne diseases .
Climate change in Asia has led to a decrease in food supply , contributing to a rise in child deaths due to malnutrition.
disrupt ecosystems
increase mortality and species extinction
major floods will interfere with food production
projected impacts on water availability, agriculture and displacement.
(The World Bank, 2012)
Bangladesh preparedness tax for coastal areas
Source: Google Images, Retrieved July 24, 2013
Source: Google Images, Retrieved July 24, 2013
Source: Google Images, Retrieved July 24, 2013
Source: Google Images, Retrieved July 24, 2013
Source: Google Images, Retrieved July 24, 2013
Source: Google Images, Retrieved July 24, 2013
Source: Google Images, Retrieved July 24, 2013
Source: Google Images, Retrieved July 22, 2013
Source: Google Images, Retrieved July 24, 2013
Source: Google Images, Retrieved July 24, 2013
Source: Google Images, Retrieved July 24, 2013
Source: Google Images, Retrieved July 24, 2013
Source: Google Images, Retrieved July 24, 2013
Source: Google Images, Retrieved July 24, 2013
Source: Google Images, Retrieved July 24, 2013
There is no way we can live because
land of ours that we are going to build our
gardens, it’s gone….land is washed away
by waves and we don’t have enough space
for everyone to live”.
(Child in Kiribati,Burton, 2011)
Drinking water
The 2009 Assessment Report on Climate
Change (MARCC) discloses that 852 of
Mongolia’s 5,128 rivers and streams, 2,277
of 9,306 springs and 1,181 of 3,747 lakes
and ponds had dried up over the past
decade...." (Dagvadorj, 2009)
Join the Global Community to hold warming below 2 degrees!
Raise awareness
Strengthen regional and international corporation.
Source: Google Images, Retrieved July 24, 2013
Source: Google Images, Retrieved July 24, 2013
Source: Google Images, Retrieved July 24, 2013
Source: Google Images, Retrieved July 24, 2013
Source: Google Images, Retrieved July 24, 2013
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