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Lane O'Hara Cooke

on 16 January 2015

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Transcript of Shinto

Are there gods and godesses?
What is Modern day Shinto like?
Japan's defeat in World War II brought about the disestablishment of state Shinto. In 1946 in a New Year's rescript, Emperor Hirohito destroyed its chief foundation by disavowing his divinity; in the same year Gen. Douglas MacArthur forbade the use of public funds to support Shinto. In present-day Shinto there is no dogmatic system and no formulated code of morals. Shinto practices can be found abroad wherever large Japanese communities exist, as in the United States and South America.

Shinto is the indigenous religion of Japan and the people of Japan. Shinto was founded in 660 BC according to Japanese mythology. Shinto practices were first recorded and codified in the written historical records of the Kojiki and Nihon Shoki in the 8th century. Still, these earliest Japenese writings do not refer to a unified "Shinto religion" , but rather to a collection of native beliefs and mythology.
How can I join?
The Japanese flag.
The Shinto symbol.
worshiped the most in Asia
has a high respect
for nature
Are there certain clothes and food associated with Shinto?
started in the 8th century
started in the 5th century

has no gods
has eight million gods/ kami
does not celebrate death at all, most funerals are held in Buddhist style because death is considered a source of impurity
To Buddhism, death is not the end of life, it is merely the end of the body we inhabit in this life, but our spirit will still remain and seek out through the need of attachment, attachment to a new body and new life. Where they will be born is a result of the past and the accumulation of positive and negative action, and the resultant karma (cause and effect) is a result of ones past actions.
Cha Soba
most do not eat meat

At a Buddhist temple, many pray for their well-being and of their family’s in the afterlife.
People usually pray for happiness and good health at a Shinto shrine.
Like many non-western religions, Shinto (also known as ('kami-no-michi') is based on orthopraxy, rather than orthodoxy. In other words, the most important thing is not what you believe, but rather that you perform correct ritual actions. So, you don't get baptised into Shinto, you don't get excommunicated from Shinto, and you don't have to convert to Shinto to start being a practitioner of Shinto. If you perform the various rituals and observances of Shinto, then you are practicing Shinto.
What are the celebrations?
When and Why?
Shintoism started in the 8th century in Japan. Michi no Kami has 8,000,000 Kami (gods or spirits). In the eighth generation of these Kami were the brother and sister spouses Izanagi and Izanami who created Japan. Izanami died in childbirth, and Izanagi tried to retrieve her from Yomi (Hell), but he was unsuccessful, because she had become a monster. While cleansing himself from this foul place, several offspring were born from his body. From his eye came Amaterasu who became the goddess of the Sun and then the supreme deity when Izanagi retired.
Divine beings in Shinto are called kami, and are often referred to with the phrase “yaoyorozu no kami,”—literally, eight million kami, though a better translation would be simply “many” kami. While there are traditional personified gods in Shinto, kami also include spirits that embody natural forces like wind and fire, animals, or an aspect of the landscape deserving of respect or awe, like mountains or waterfalls. Even humans can be revered as kami after death if they lived great or especially pure lives. An important distinction between Shinto’s kami and the deities of other religions is that kami are not perfect, infallible beings, but are of a dual nature, sometimes gentle and generous and sometimes destructive and violent, just like the changing faces of nature. The worship of kami is done at public shrines (jinja ), although many people also have a small private shrine at home (kamidana )-
somethimes only a high shelf with a few ritual obects.
Oshogatsu - New Year

The end of the old year and the beginning of the New Year are very important times in Japan. Towards the end of the old year, people gather for bonenkai, year-end parties at which the irritations and frustrations and any misfortunes of the past year are symbolically washed away and forgotten in the sake drunk on these occasions. After the new year has been ceremonially ushered in, people hold shinenkai or new year parties, toasting the new year, expressing their hopes and expectations for the year to come, wishing each other well, and anticipating the good things to be.
Amaterasu, the sun goddess
Izanami and Izanagi
By: Lane O'hARA
Thanks for watching!
Class: 78
Are there similar religions?
Full transcript