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Music in America-3

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Jungjin Kim

on 8 November 2016

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Transcript of Music in America-3

Music in America
How Did Jazz Begin ?
THERE IS NO EXACT ANSWER

The Film score Composers
Schonberg & many other composer ( including screen music composer
)

**** Hollywood Top Five screen music composer

1. Max Steiner (1888-1971) - founder film composer
2. Franz Waxmann (1906-1967) -
3. Miklos Roger (1907-1995)- The dark and epic
4. Erich Wolfgang Korngold (1897-1957)- from Vienna to Hollywood
5. Dimitri Tiomkin (1899-1979) - westerns
Bach - Beethoven - Brahms - Schonberg
( Survival from Warsaw, Hollywood Liederbuch )
Film Music
A film score (also sometimes called film music,
background music, or incidental music
) is original music written specifically to accompany a film. The score forms part of the
film's soundtrack
, which also usually includes
dialogue and sound effects
, and comprises a number of orchestral, instrumental or choral pieces called
cues
which are timed to begin and end at specific points during the film in order to enhance the dramatic narrative and the emotional impact of the scene in question. Scores are written by one or more
composers
, under the guidance of, or in collaboration with, the film's
director
and/or
producer
, and are then usually performed by an
ensemble of musicians – most often comprising an orchestra or band, instrumental soloists, and choir or vocalists – and recorded by a sound engineer.

Film scores
encompass an enormous variety of styles of music, depending on the nature of the films they accompany. The majority of scores are
orchestral works rooted in Western classical music
, but a great number of scores also draw influence from
jazz, rock, pop, blues, new-age
and ambient music, and a wide range of ethnic and world music styles. Since the 1950s, a growing number of scores have also included
electronic elements
as part of the score, and many scores written today feature a
hybrid of orchestral and electronic instruments
.

Since the invention of
digital technology and audio sampling
, many low-budget films have been able to rely on digital samples to imitate the sound of live instruments, and many scores are created and performed wholly by the composers themselves, by using sophisticated
music composition software
.

Songs are usually not considered part of the film's score, although songs do also form part of the film's soundtrack. Although some songs, especially in
musicals,
are based on thematic ideas from the score (or vice-versa), scores usually do not have lyrics, except for when sung by choirs or soloists as part of a cue. Similarly, pop songs which are
"needle dropped"
into a specific scene in film for added emphasis are not considered part of the score, although occasionally the score's composer will write an original pop song based on his themes, such as
James Horner's "My Heart Will Go On"
from
Titanic
, written for
Celine Dion

----- from Wikipedia

Before 1930's
Silent Movie...
Charlie Chaplin
"City Lights" : composed music
*Music as accompaniment...
*Theatre(musical or non- musical)
*variety of shows...
*various forms of Opera
*Background... " be there"
*creating atmosphere
*enhance an emotional reaction among members of audience

The First "Talkie movie" : The original jazz singer Al Jolson1927
Max Steiner's score : Casablanca 1942,King kong1933
Mickey mousing : action close like a cartoon
"opening titles" = musical overture
"closing titles"= recapitulation of main themes
between the periods of dialogue
Academy Award for best score
propaganda, pre-war, war-time,
Shostakovich : Stalinist propaganda films
Eric Coates : The Dam Busters with its march
Ron Goodwin : 633 Squadron
Elmer berstein : Great Escape
Music for different genres
**The thriller
Music for different genres
**Epic & historical drama
Music for different genres
**Science Fiction & Fantasy realm
Film Music today
**popular culture, Electronic & minimalist music
Synthesized sounds
1940's &50's ... Bernard Hermann, mostely symphonic music but Jazz opened and it used for musicals and animated films, also "Contemporized" sounds &theme of movies
1960's ... Continued use of Jazz, acceptance of New Music (Insert title Here)
1970's ... John Williams : Perfecting things learned in the previous decade )
Early Musical - Victor Herbert(1895-1924)

George Gershwin's


Rodgers and Hammerstein


Andrew Lloyd Webber


Leonard Bernstein and The Broadway Musical


Walt Disney cartoons
Music for different genres
**Musical
Babes in Toyland: What is the Matter Little Bo Peep?
"Summertime" Porgy and Bess
G. Gershwin - Rhapsody in Blue
Songs from "South Pacific",
Music for different genres
**patriotic films
Bernard Hermann : Alfred Hitchcock's many film



Jerry Goldsmith's :
The Omen


John Carpenter's :
Holoween
sycho (screaming strings), Vertigo(dizzy arpeggio)
(haunting black mass)
(simple repetitve music effectively)
Miklos Rozsa : Ben-Hur
Maurice Jarre : Lawrence of Arabia
Wild West Themes :
Alan Silvestri : Back to the Future

Vangelis : Blade Runner

Danny Elfman : Batman
pop tunes in the present and past...
dark atmosphere
John Williams : Jaws, Star Wars
Bill Conti : Rocky fanfare
John Barry : Bond theme
Howard shore : The Lord of the Rings sound track
Don Davis : Matrix
Full orchestra scores may be on the wane again with avant-garde techniques and mix with techno...
Film Music today
**popular culture, Electronic & minimalist music
Synthesized sounds
***Using electronics...early example
Hermann (early 1950's) : The day the Earth Stood Still
Wendy Carlos : A Clock Orange
Brad Fiedel : Terminator
James Horner : Titanic (blended synthetic instruments with real)
Using electronic instruments created soundtrack can be more cheaply rather than acoustic ones. The trend towards electronics and software parallels the use of computers to add visual effects to the movie but in no way replaces the demand for skilled composers and musicians in the film
Film Music today
**popular culture, Electronic & minimalist music
Synthesized sounds
Invention of Minimalist concert music
Steve Reich, John Adams, Terry Riley, La Monte Young
&
Phillip Glass and Michael Nyman
Thomas Newman, Alexander Desplat, Clint Mansell,
Carter Burwell, Hans zimmer
Techniques : long sustained chord, drones, repeating of beats, notes, chords , arperrios
Elmer Bernstein's The magnificent seven
Ennio Morricone's The Good, the Bad and the ugly
Music for different genres
**Epic & historical drama
"popular songs helped to sell films"
Dimitri Tiomkin and Ned Washington
High Noon 1952 "Do not forsake me oh my darling"
Series of hit record "the Bond" franchise
Robin Hood
Michael Kamen's Prince of Thieves
James Honors Titanic

"Sound Track"
DogVille (Legendado-PT)
1971 Jacques Tati - "Trafic" (highlights)
Playtime Jacques Tati Window Cleaning
king kong final
.'La Migration Bigoudenn' Mickey Mousing .
Mickey Mouse - The Gorilla Mystery 1930
fantasia walt disney's 1940 original movie part 1
Robin Hood (1922) [FULL] Remastered
Brody Kills the Beast - Jaws (10/10) Movie CLIP (1975) HD
"Deborah's Theme" Ennio Morricone (Once Upon a Time in America) .
Once Upon A Time In The West (Finale)---Ennio Morricone
AFI's 100 YEARS OF FILM SCORES
FILM TITLE YEAR STUDIO COMPOSER
1 STAR WARS 1977 Twentieth Century Fox John Williams
2 GONE WITH THE WIND 1939 MGM Max Steiner
3 LAWRENCE OF ARABIA 1962 Columbia Maurice Jarre
4 PSYCHO 1960 Paramount Bernard Herrmann
5 GODFATHER, THE 1972 Paramount Nino Rota
6 JAWS 1975 Universal John Williams
7 LAURA 1944 Twentieth Century Fox David Raksin
8 MAGNIFICENT SEVEN, THE 1960 United Artists Elmer Bernstein
9 CHINATOWN 1974 Paramount Jerry Goldsmith
10 HIGH NOON 1952 United Artists Dimitri Tiomkin
11 ADVENTURES OF ROBIN HOOD, THE 1938 Warner Bros. Erich Wolfgang Korngold
12 VERTIGO 1958 Paramount Bernard Herrmann
13 KING KONG 1933 RKO Max Steiner
14 E.T. THE EXTRA-TERRESTRIAL 1982 Universal John Williams
15 OUT OF AFRICA 1985 Universal John Barry
16 SUNSET BLVD. 1950 Paramount Franz Waxman
17 TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD 1962 Universal Elmer Bernstein
18 PLANET OF THE APES 1968 Twentieth Century Fox Jerry Goldsmith
19 STREETCAR NAMED DESIRE, A 1951 Warner Bros. Alex North
20 PINK PANTHER, THE 1964 United Artists Henry Mancini
21 BEN-HUR 1959 MGM Miklos Rozsa
22 ON THE WATERFRONT 1954 Columbia Leonard Bernstein
23 MISSION, THE 1986 Warner Bros. Ennio Morricone
24 ON GOLDEN POND 1981 Universal Dave Grusin
25 HOW THE WEST WAS WON 1962 MGM, Cinerama Releasing Alfred Newman
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