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E.E. Salem Witch Trials
Transcript of E.E. Salem Witch Trials
by Ezinne Nnawulezi Why ? Today's Findings It began on Jan. of 1692 The Start of the Salem Witch Trials The true meaning of FEAR The causes of the Salem Witch trials 30 people were convicted as witches and 19 women and men were hung, and one man was pressed to death. The Effects of the Salem witch Trials Historians believe that the witch trials were fueled by fear which brought on panic. Interest in the history and the of the witch trials
Didn't really hear much about the effects that the trials caused on the people of Salem Hypothesis: The witch trials had a significant affect on the the way the society functioned and represented for the 17th century Salem society. Researching and gathering the information needed for the extended essay was not easy
Had to reference a lot of the effects on the reasons behind their actions therefore the causes of the Salem Witch Trials had to explained as well. Getting details concerning the Salem trials required a lot of information concerning the roles of the people involved in the act. The daughter and niece of reverend Samuel Parris of Salem Village became ill; when they failed to improve the village doctor was called in. Linnda Caporael argued in a 1976 article published in Science magazine that the symptons the young girls suffered could have been caused by a disease called "convulsive egotism" brought on by ingesting rye - eating cereal and bread - infested with ergot -type of fungi grows on rye. A lot of the symptoms found in the disease seems to match up to those attributed to Betty Parris. A group of young girls in Salem Village became known as "afflicted girls." These girls acted strangely and they claimed witches had put a spell on them. The fear that was spreading into Salem village, beginning in the 1400s, had started in Europe when most people believed that witchcraft was the work of Satan.
Puritans of Salem Village feared witchcraft.
Rumors spread that Betty and Abigail were under a witch's spell. The colonists and and the Wampanoag American Indians fought in a series of battles called Phillip's War. Troubles between the colonists and the Wampanoag Indians had led to war; by 1692, Puritans feared that unfriendly American Indians still lived in the woods. Some of the girls among the "bewitched" had lost parents to attacks by American Indians. Europe:
Practicing christians, other religions, had a strong belief that the Devil could give certain people known witches the power to harm others in return for their loyalty. A "witchcraft craze" rippled through Europe from the 1300s to the end of the 1600s. Tens of thousands of supposed witches were executed (mostly women). The Salem Witch Trials came on just as the European craze was winding down. Key fact:
Puritans of Salem, Massachusetts were european immigrants who had a strong christian beliefs Key Fact:
William Phips, the governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, appointed an emergency court of judges; this court was called the Court of Oyer and Terminer. Public opinion changed and people doubted that the girls' assumptions. Led to the Governor officially ceasing the Court of Oyer and Terminer on Oct. 29 1692; replaced by the Superior Court of Judicature, did not allow spectral evidence Governor Phips pardoned the rest of the accused witches and dropped charges for everyone still in prison on the charge of witchcraft. To keep good faith for the people of Salem, he called for a day of fasting and prayer. On Oct 17, 1711 the colonial legislature passed an Act that paid compensation to victim's families for their losses. Apologies were given and restitution was made to the victims' families. The "afflicted girls," including many other accusers who took part in the accusations, asked for forgiveness of their actions. Even Samuel Sewall was at the forefront of the reconstruction of the society; he also offered his apologies to the people and repented for his actions. The Salem Witch Trials brought division and sore spirit on the people. People fled from the Salem village. There had been tattling of neighbor against neighbor, and "broken charity" between marriages. In no generation would it be forgotten how neighbor had responded with spite and anger to another neighbor's need. Around 1702, Massachusetts lawmakers admitted that the trials were actually illegal and that the legal system had failed during the witch trials. Samuel Parris Samuel Sewall Sir Willam Phips Elizabeth Parris Abigail Williams Ann Putnam In Conclusion... A memorial was completed in memory of those who died during the Salem Witch Trials which held its place since 1992, in Danvers, Massachusetts. Most people, however, study the Salem witch trials because they explain something about human nature; highlighting the fact that neighbors can turn against neighbors during difficult times as well as wild ideas can and will spread among a wide group of people. The Salem Witch Trials marked the end, in America, of hanging people as witches ( a practiced imported from Europe). The new court, now called the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts, replaced the Court of Oyer and Terminer. Many people fled from persecution. Apologies and Restitution were given to the victim's families. Based on the information gathered the Salem Witch Trials did ultimately affect the way the Salem Society functioned and the representation Salem held for the 17th Century colonial society. Thank you for your time!