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Transcript of Francisco Arcellana
CHAPTER 3: Representing the Filipino Family
(6 September 1916 - 1 August 2002)
His passion in writing triggered when he was in high school in Manila West High School (later Torres High School) where he became a staff member in Torres Torch (school organ/paper).
Entered University of the Philippines as pre-medicine student
In 1939, graduated with degree of bachelor of philosophy
Went to medical school
He was proclaimed National Artist in Literature in 1990
His short story “The Flowers of May” won second prize in 1951 Don Carlos Palanca Memorial Award for Literature
Another short story, “Wing of Madness,” placed second in the Philippines Free Press literary contest in 1953
First story he has written: “The Man Who Could Be Poe”
Mr. Angeles wrote a letter to his family saying that he is coming home and that he has presents for everyone, mats beautifully made with their names written on them.
Nana Emilia would always ask Jose, the eldest son, to read aloud the letter during dinner. And for days, the mats were the chief topic of the children.
There is this mat which the family values the most. It was a very special mat only used during special occasions.
It was given to Mr. and Mrs. Angeles during their wedding. This mat never seems to get old. The mat has been associated with illness and even death in the family.
Full name: Zacarias Eugene Francisco Quino Arcellana or Francisco "Franz" Arcellana
Occupation: Filipino writer, poet, essayist, critic, journalist and teacher
Birth place: Frank V. Sta. Cruz, Manila
Birth order: 4th of 18 children
Parents: Jose Arcellana y Cabaneiro (father)
Epifanio Quino (mother)
Family: Emerenciana Yuvienco (wife) with 6 children
Writing related events (media, publishing, academe)
He was conferred a doctorate in humane letters, honoris causa, by the University of the Philippines in 1989
After his work “trilogy of the turtles” was published from the paper Literary Apprentice, he was invited to join the UP Writers Club by Manuel Arguilla (a prominent campus literary figure)
Worked in the Herald Midweek as a columnist with his weekly article titled “Art and Life” (later retitled “Life and Letters”)
Worked in Philcross, the publication of Philippine Red Cross
Worked as manager of International News Service and the editor of This Week
Faculty of UP Department of English and Comparative Literature
Adviser of Philippine Collegian
Director of UP Creative Writing Center
Awarded by Rockefeller Foundation as a fellow in creative writing, 1956- 1957, at the University of Iowa and Breadloaf Writers' Conference
Some of his works have been translated into Tagalog, Malaysian, Italian, German and Russian, and many have been anthologized
Gawad Pambansang Alagad ni Balagtas for English fiction from the Unyon ng mga Manunulat sa Pilipino (UMPIL) in 1988
Received the first award in art criticism from the Art Association of the Philippines in 1954, the Patnubay ng Sining at Kalinangan award from the city government of Manila in 1981
“Death is a Factory” and “Lina” (both included in Jose Garcia Villa's honor roll)
Wing of Madness
The Flowers of May
In the evening, Mr. Angeles arrived and join his family for dinner.
After the supper, he approached the bundle of mats and asked Alfonso, his youngest son, for scissors.
He gave the first mat to his wife and then proceeded on giving each child their mats.
The mats have their names on them and an appropriate device representing their personality or characteristic. Mr. Angeles said that they will not use the mats until they reach a milestone in their life.
Nana Emilia noticed that there were still unfolded mats after all in the family received their mats.
Mr. Angeles said that those mats are for those not with them.
He unfolded the mats, called out the names Josefina, Victoria, and Concepcion.
They are the dead children of Mr. Angeles.
There is nothing but the names against a blank emptiness on the mats.
Nana Emilia said that Mr. Angeles didn’t need to have mats for them but he argued that he has never forgotten them.
There was sorrow in his voice. The atmosphere was bewilderingly sorrowful and grudgingly silent. The mats for the dead were not as festive and alive as those of the living children.