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China

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Emmaline Brown

on 13 March 2013

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Transcript of China

China Economy Government and Military Education and Healthcare People and Society Geography/Environment Famous Landmarks The Great Wall of China The Himilayas Mt. Everest Other natural landmarks Elephant Trunk Hill Gulf of Tonkin Tiger Leaping Gorge Geographic Coordinates: 35 00 N; 105 00 E

Area
total: 9,596,961 sq km
land: 9,569,901 sq km
water: 27,060
fourth largest country

Coastline: 14,500 km

Climate: tropical in south, subarctic in north

Terrain: mostly mountains, high plateaus, deserts in west; plain, deltas, and hills in east

Elevation Extremes
highest point: Mount Everest 8,850 m (highest point in Asia)
lowest point: Turpan Pendi 154 m It is located in Southeast Asia. Its capital is Beijing Beijing On the Chinese flag, red represents revolution. The four small stars represent the four social classes-the working class, the peasantry, the urban petty bourgeoisie, and the national bourgeoisie (capitalists) An Introduction to China China Maps Environment Natural Hazards: frequent typhoons (about five per year along southern and eastern coasts), damaging floods, tsunamis, earthquakes, droughts, land subsidence

volcanism: China contains some historically active volcanoes including Changbaishan, Hainan Dao, and Kunlun although most have been relatively inactive in recent centuries Ethnic Groups: Han Chinese 91.5%, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uighur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi, Dong, Yao, Korean, and other nationalities 8.5% Main Languages: Standard Chinese or Mandarin Population: 1,343,239,923 Age Structure:
0-14 years: 17.4% (male 125,528,983/female 107,668,285)
15-24 years: 16.1% (male 113,504,233/female 102,285,206)
25-54 years: 46.5% (male 319,710,444/female 305,378,723)
55-64 years: 10.9% (male 74,447,204/female 72,451,831)
65 years and over: 9.1% (male 58,677,903/female 63,587,111) Population growth rate: 0.481%
Birth rate: 12.31 births/1,000 population
Death rate: 7.17 deaths/1,000 population Religion Taoist Buddhist Christian (3%-4%) Muslim (1%-2%) Taoism originated in China 2000 years ago It is a religion of unity and opposites; Yin and Yang Taoism is about the Tao; translated as "the way" The Tao is not a god and is not worshiped. Taoism promotes achieving harmony or union with nature Taoism practices include meditation, feng shui, fortune telling, and reading and chanting of scriptures Bibliography https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ch.html

http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/taoism/ataglance/glance.shtml Buddhism is 2,500 years old There are currently 376 million followers worldwide Buddhism arose as a result of Siddhartha Gautama's quest for Enlightenment in around the 6th Century BC Buddhists believe that nothing is fixed or permanent; change is always possible Home and Everyday Life Environment - current issues: air pollution (greenhouse gases, sulfur dioxide particulates) from reliance on coal produces acid rain; water shortages, particularly in the north; water pollution from untreated wastes; deforestation; estimated loss of one-fifth of agricultural land since 1949 to soil erosion and economic development; desertification; trade in endangered species Chinese cuisine stretches back several centuries where it has changed from period to period and different region based on climate, imperial fashions and local preferences. This led to a variety of dishes that can be called traditional food in which the Chinese take pride in. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_cuisine Hanging laundry is a common sight in China. People have been told to shun driers even if they can afford them because of their energy costs. Every Chinese citizen is required to carry an identification cards that contains the holder's photograph, ID number, name, gender and birth date. These are relatively easy to counterfeit although China is in the process of making new high-tech identification cards that contains a microchip that holds personal information such as work history, educational background, religion and ethnicity http://www.economist.com/topics/chinese-economy In China average productivity growth fell from 12% a year between 2003 and 2007, to less than 9% between 2008 and 2012.

lthough growth is still strong, China's GDP (Gross Domestic Product) per worker is only 17% of America's. Unemployment rate: 6.4% (2012) country comparison to the world: 67 Registered urban unemployment, which excludes private enterprises and migrants, was 4.1% in 2010 Agriculture-products: world leader in gross value of agricultural output; rice, wheat, potatoes, corn, peanuts, tea, millet, barley, apples, cotton, oilseed, pork, fish Industries: world leader in gross value of industrial output; mining and ore processing, iron, steel, aluminum, and other metals, coal; machine building; armaments; textiles and apparel; petroleum; cement; chemicals; fertilizers; consumer products, including footwear, toys, and electronics; food processing; transportation equipment, including automobiles, rail cars and locomotives, ships, and aircraft; telecommunications equipment, commercial space launch vehicles, satellites Do any of these Look Familiar?? China Industries Labor Productivity Unemployment Rate http://factsanddetails.com/china.php?itemid=153%20=11%20=71 http://www.chinaeducenter.com/en/cedu.php China Education Preschool Education: Preschool is an important component of education in China. In urban areas, it is mainly kindergartens of three, two, or one year which could be full-time, part-time, boarding or hour-reckoned. Primary and Secondary Education: Since the promulgation of the "Compulsory Education Law of the People's Republic of China" in 1986, the 9-year compulsory education has been implemented by governments at various levels and made significant progress. Higher Education in China: Higher education in China has played an important role in the economic construction, science progress, and social development by bringing up a large scale of advanced talents and experts. The New Rural Co-operative Medical Care System (NRCMCS) is a 2005 initiative to overhaul the healthcare system Healthcare http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Health_in_China Under the NRCMCS, the annual cost of medical coverage is 50 yuan (US$7) per person If patients go to a small hospital or clinic in their local town, the system will cover roughly 70-80% of their bill If the patient visits a county clinic, the percentage of the cost being covered falls to about 60% If the patient requires a specialist in a modern city hospital, the plan would cover about 30% of the bill Government Government Type: Communist State Independence: 1 October 1949 (People's Republic of China established); notable earlier dates: 221 BC (unification under the Qin Dynasty); 1 January 1912 (Qing Dynasty replaced by the Republic of China) Constitution: most recent promulgation 4 December 1982; amended several times Political Parties and Leaders: Chinese Communist Party or CCP; eight nominally independent small parties ultimately controlled by the CCP National Symbol: Dragon The building was constructed in 1959; it is the home of the National People's Congress. The Great Hall of the People Military Must be 18-24 years of age for selective compulsory military service, with a 2 year service obligation Manpower available for Military Service:
males age 16-49: 385,821,101
females age 16-49: 363,789,674 Military Branches: People's Liberation Army (PLA): Ground Forces, Navy (includes marines and naval aviation), Air Force (includes Airborne Forces), and Second Artillery Corps (strategic missile force); People's Armed Police (PAP); PLA Reserve Force
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