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Integrated Management of

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Transcript of Integrated Management of

Watershed level
Baseline, data collection in the first community & methodology

expands its borders

Where are the limits of integrated solutions?

Doubt 1
How participatory should and can the process be?
Doubt 2
TIME & Accuracy IN Survey or Urgency to deliver services?
Doubt 3
Doubt 4
What level of multidisciplinarity is necessary / possible?
Which criteria should guide us?
Which characteristics should a micro-watershed have to be of interest for BORDA?
Complexity vs. Replicability: How many sectors can be integrated?
How much time & resources can and should be invested in the different work stages?
Which are its potentials and limitations?
How to make use of the local knowledge in the process of planning?
What kind of basic disciplines should be part of an iDSS-Cuenca Team?
Jobs are linked to present system
Change job profiles and offer trainings
Everyone has something to hide
Create trust with different stakeholder groups
Solid waste business controlled by informal sector
Integrate informal sector
Little experience with decentralized systems
Comprehensive information program before implementation
Solid Waste
Water Supply
Liquid Waste
The waste water goes into a septic tank
nearly every household built one
no service to empty the tanks
The tanks are emptied into the water bodies
As a result there is visible pollution of the local stream of the village by waste water.
in the whole surrounding you can find solid waste littered in the environment
in the area of the watershed you have an important amount of mining activity, which has an influence on the water quality
waste leads to the next sector: solid waste
from the main pipe system the mayority of households connected a private tube to lead the water to their house
in the village exist two main wells providing fresh water
from the wells the water is distributed by a main pipe system
bad management of the landfill side
Starting the cooperation with stakeholders of the watershed
Data collection for remaining communities, pilot project implementation & draft Strategic Plan

At what point have we asked enough questions?
says Gracias!
Local NGO
Implementation of demo-projects for all communities & final integrated Strategic Plan
Execution of Strategic Plan

Integrated Decentralized Water & Sanitation Solutions at Micro-Watershed Level
100% of untreated wastewater
Sub micro-watershed of San Juan de Dios during dry season: 20% deforested area
100% of untreated water from mines drains into water bodies
Most of the solid waste is not recycled but accumulated in an uncontrolled dump site
2 hours of freshwater access per week
Integrated solutions...
Wastewater Management (WWM)
Solid Waste Management (SWM)
Storm Water Management (STM)
Watershed Management (WSM)
Water Supply (WS)
Faecal Sludge MGMT
Street cleaning Program
Rain Water Harvesting
Reuse of treated waste water

10 Communities
Local Committees
das ist die Müllkippe nochmal vom weiten.
Little willingness to pay taxes
Build trust in the government
Solid waste: sorting, collection, treatment & recycling
Fresh water: adequate & sustainable supply
Rain water: collection & management
Hygiene & nutrition: provide safe & healthy conditions
Flora & fauna: re-cultivation & conservation
Levels of intervention
Settlement level
Household / institutional level
Aquifers: protection from contamination
Liquid waste: sustainable treatment & reuse
Overall Objectives:
Project Objectives:
Establish an integrated
Strategic Plan
for the recovery of the micro-watershed / cuenca
City level
Difficult to obtain data
Learn to work with little data & invest in generation of primary data
Information & awareness
Regulatory framework
Influencing policy
Training programs
Projects Include...
... instead of sectorwise options
Believe us, we have lots of questions...
How can BORDA be able to keep simplicity as its guideline?
Is "perfect" the enemy of "good"?
How should BORDA balance the need of planning and the request of immediate action?
How can BORDA improve its participatory planning capacities?
How can specialized groups efficiently be linked to BORDA's teams?
How should BORDA´s network respond to the need of many disciplines?
Dump site is situated in an unfavorable environment
One of the two main wells (borewell)
Small wells
Soak pit
What kind of instruments are needed to simplify the evaluation of data?
Discharge into the environment
Agricultural land use practices
Cattle farm situated in unfavorable area
Household connections
Condition of household connections
Pilot project: Rainwater harvesting at public buildings
La Cuenca
Sub micro-watershed of San Juan de Dios during rainy season
HEALTH & Hygiene
Dumping of solid waste in the environment
Heavy metal contamination
for settlement stratification
for each individual sector
Strategic Plan for Integrated Water and Sanitation Management in a Micro-Watershed of Taxco, Guerrero
Pilot project: DEWATS at public buildings
Wastewater solutions at household level: Improved septic tanks
Project in Mexico
Segregation center including faecal sludge treatment and co-composting

Strategic Plan for
or "wastewatershed"
open disposal
How we suggest to proceed...
Working in groups:
Preparation of ideas
15 min
Presentation in plenary:
Guided discussion of pressing doubts
30 min
Divide into small working groups
15 min
Full transcript