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Art Deco 1910-1939

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Kylie Eaton

on 3 February 2015

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Transcript of Art Deco 1910-1939

LAVISH ~ GEOMETRIC ~ BOLD ~ DETAILED ~ ELEGANT ~ DEFINED
~ SOPHISTICATED ~ REFINED

Glamour’s Golden Age 2009 – Art Deco, BBC Documentary – Scene from Part 1
Paris Exhibition 1925

Porte d’Orsay approach

One of the most significant and influential exhibitions of the 20th Century.

Strict entry criteria: only entries displaying a modern design sensibility

US did not attend, however did send high profile architects & designers.

Post WW1 / Depression

Historical Context

Rockefeller Centre, New York - Art Deco detail

Materials:

Modern manmade e.g.
chromium, plastics, Bakelite,
Vita-glass and Ferro (reinforced) concrete

Natural materials e.g. bronze, ebony, ivory, jade silver, onyx, rock crystal.



Form Characteristics:

Stepped forms or pyramid
Cubic
Rounded corners
Triple-striped decorative
elements
Ziggurat
The Russian Ballet / Ballets Russes

Discovery King Tut’s Tomb
1922
Archaeological Finds

Mario Chiattone – Futurist architectural drawing

Futurism / Giacomo Balla
Movement & speed

The Avant Garde – Futurism


Motifs:

Chevron (a V-shape)
Pyramid
Fan
Lighting Flash
Sunray
Stylised waves, animals,
flowers & palm trees
Nude female figures
Speeding cars, planes and trains.






Style Characteristics:

Simple geometric patterns
Abstract patterns
Sharp edges
Bright colours
Extravagant materials


What is Art Deco?
Highly decorative style with geometric or zig-zag composition adapted to all design arts including architecture, interior design, furniture, decorative arts, graphic design, book arts, fashion and film.

Art Deco spanned period from 1910 – 1939. Evolved in Paris, 1920s, then Europe and later the USA.

Application of the Art Deco style was predominantly in public buildings, skyscrapers and in the homes of the wealthy.

Term Art Deco derives from the 1925 Paris Exhibition but was known at the time as ‘Style Moderne’, ‘Modernistic’ or ‘Jazz Modern’.
African Tribal

Art Nouveau

Art Nouveau & African Tribal

Fauvism / Henri Matisse

The Avant Garde – Cubism, Futurism, Fauvism

Picasso – Tribal Influences

Cubism / Picasso

The Flapper – emancipated woman,
short hair, short skirt, new attitude..

The Roaring Twenties / The Jazz Age


Josephine Baker –
dancer Paris

Posters by A.M Cassandre

Age of Travel, Machines & Mass Production

Mesopotamian Art

Reconstructed ziggurat at Ur, Iraq.

Mesoamerican artefact

Mayan temple

Archaeological Influences

Taxi, telephone & drinking fountain design
– Pierre André and Pierre Broux

Refreshments kiosk design
– Edouard Weiler & Vassil Yordanowitch

Primavera Pavillion
- Henri Sauvage & Georges Wybo

Pavillion - Hotel d’un Collectionneur
– by Jacques-Émile Ruhlmann

Ambassade Française – inspiration for Art Deco interiors

Smoking Room photo (left) & drawing (right) - Jean Dunand

Hall/Winter garden – Robert Mallet Stevens

Smoking Room Elevations – Francis Jourdain

Bedroom for a girl - René Gabriel

Boutique façade concept – Francis Jourdain

Ceramics Shop photo (left) & drawing (right) – L.P Sezille

Goldsmith’s shop façade – Eric Bagge

Fabric shop façade design – René Herbst

These design concepts for boutiques/facades are distinctly Art Deco..
Interior Design & Furniture
Jacques Émile Ruhlmann


Interior & furniture designer - 'ensemblier'

Pavillions at Paris exhibition 1925 career highlight.

Highly sought after by wealthy Parisians to design interiors and furniture for their homes.
Erté - Illustrator

Graphic Designers/Illustrators
ERTÉ
Art Deco lives on...
René Lalique – Glass designer

Famous glass fountain centrepiece at Perfume Pavillion, 1925 Paris exhibition


A.M Cassandre - French

Key Individuals: Graphic Designers/Illustrators
Edward McKnight Kauffer - British

- Cubist influence
Pioneer of draping in fashion

Illustration of Poiret interior by Georges Lepape

Fashion & Interiors

Paul Poiret
Materials: Oak, purpleheart, ivory, ebony, mahogany, bronze

Interior Design & Furniture
Jacques-Émile Ruhlmann
Stained pearwood with silver-plated brass feet, and covers of gold/beige satin

Writing Table-Macassar ebony veneer and solid mahogany, with a gilt-tooled calf-leather top

William Van Alen
Chrysler Building


Paris Exhibition 1925
Pavillions
Designs
Paris Exhibition 1925
Paris Exhibition 1925
Design Influences
Design Influences
Design Influences
Design Influences
Design Influences
Costumes & colour of
Diagliev's Russian Ballet
All images: nga.gov.au/balletsrusses
Word & form converge- the beginnings of modern advertising graphics
Architecture
Donald Deskey
Radio City Music Hall



William F. Lamb - Shreve Lamb & Harmon
Empire State Building
Raymond Hood
Rockefeller Centre
The Grace Hotel- 77 York St, Sydney NSW 2000
Art Deco Buildings Australia
Hoover Building, Ealing, Greenford
Built in 1931- by Architect William F. Lamb
Empire State building
Chrysler car-Eagle head –
in form of Gargoyle
Opened in November 1929
Architect William Van Alen
318.8m tall with spire
Commissioned by
Chrysler car company.
Architect Victor Laloux-Interior,
Gare d'Orsay, now the Musée d'Orsay, 1900
"La Samaritaine" department store,
main building
Art Deco Buildings Paris
Chrysler
Features
Chrysler radiator cap on
Chrysler building.
All images: architecure.com
Royal Institute of British Architects
All images: architecure.com
Royal Institute of British Architects
Cassandre's Bifur font, distinct Art Deco typography - use of CAPITAL letters
A.M Cassandre



Bayer, P. 1992, Art Deco Architecture, Design, Decoration & Detail from the twenties and thirties, Thames & Hudson, London

Bayer, P. 1997, Art Deco Interiors – Decoration and Design Classics of the 1920s and 1930s, Thames & Hudson, London

Bréon, E. 2004, Jacques-Émile Ruhlmann Interior Design, Flammarion, Paris

Cassandre, A.M, viewed 22 June 2013, <http://www.cassandre.fr>

Duncan, A. 1984, Art Deco Furniture, Thames & Hudson, London

Hillier, B. 1968, Art Deco of the 20s and 30s: A Design Handbook,The Herbert Press, London

Perrone, R & Buchler, D An investigation of futurist architectural design viewd 22 June 2013, <ead.verhaag.net/fullpapers/ead06_id87_2.pdf>

Van de Lemme, A. 1986, A Guide to Art Deco Style, Quintet Publishing, London

Striner, R. Art Deco: Polemics and Synthesis, Winterthur Portfolio, Vol 25, No. 1 (Spring 1990), pp.21-34, The University of Chicago Press, <http://www.jstor.org/stable/1181301>

Victoria & Albert Museum, Art Deco: viewed 22 June 2013, http://www.vam.ac.uk/page/a/art-deco

Royal Institute of British Architects, Art Deco Triumphant, viewed 23 June 2013,<http://www.architecture.com/LibraryDrawingsandPhotographs/Exhibitionsandloans/ArtDecoTriumphant/ArtDecoTriumphant.aspx>

decoupage 2013. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved 06 June, 2013, from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/155369/decoupage

Baccarat glass 2013. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved 06 June, 2013, from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/47757/Baccarat-glass Baccarat glass 2013.

http://www.mountainsoftravelphotos.com/USA%20-%20New%20York%20City/Empire%20State%20Building/slides/New%20York%20City%20Empire%20State%20Building%2002%20Window%20Architecture.html

http://cnreviews.com/life/news-issues/empire-state-building-60th-anniversary-outrage_20090930.html


Bibliography & References
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