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To Kill a Mockingbird
Transcript of To Kill a Mockingbird
By: Helen Shin, Brenda Ly, and Grace Lee
Discrimination in Books
The Book Thief
by Marcus Zusak presents the theme of prejudice and discrimination as seen in
To Kill a Mockingbird
. The novel relates to these pages in
To Kill a Mockingbird
, where Lee makes an allusion to Hitler, because the story is about a young girl who lives in Germany when the Nazi's were taking over. Hitler, who discriminated against the Jews, is similar to the people of Maycomb who discriminated against negros. Hitler's reign was also during the same time period in which segregation was immensely popular. The 2 novels shows that discrimination did not only affect a small part of the country but caused turmoil and warfare.
Codominance of Good and Evil
Bob Ewell attacking Scout and Jem is similar to gang related crimes in Los Angeles. Many gangs in Los Angeles attack people at night when they least expect it, despite the person's innocence. Thankfully in the end, the suspect/murderer either gets convicted or die. Gangs attacking people is significant because it shows that real life does not only consist of virtuous and justice attributes, but also has inequality and villainous characteristics as well. Life does not have "rainbows and sunshines" that our parents try to preserve for us, but the true adult world is a cold, dark, and evil place where miscarriages of justice may occur. Gratefully, life in the end will have goodness triumph over evil. As seen when Boo Radley comes to save Scout and Jem.
I think that the meaning behind Jem's words relate to the theme of the story-"it's a sin to kill a mockingbird". The roly poly in this scene symbolizes a mockingbird's innocence and purity. Also, Jem's words show how he has matured and grown in the story.
I think this scene reveals Jem's character growth over the last few chapters. It reveals that Jem finally understands Atticus's lesson and theme of the story.
I think that he does this because he finally and truly understands how to put himself into other people's perspectives. I also think that Tom Robinson's case from the previous chapters is probably the most important event that helped Jem learn this lesson.
Why does Jem prevent Scout from killing the Roly Poly?
They think that it is not surprising for a black man to run away thoughtlessly and then get killed because they think that they are dumb. I think this is because they aren't educated and so white people assume they don't have any common sense to act rationally.
They don't feel sympathetic toward black people. For example, if Tom Robinson was a white man they would have had been sympathetic but because of the color of his skin, his justice is ignored.
The people in Maycomb have different ideas about Tom Robinson's case. A few people feel sympathetic for him but the general public chooses to find Tom guilty because of the stereotype in Maycomb County. I think this is because white people feel paranoid around black people as if they would steal or hurt their property or people.
What does Maycomb County think about Tom Robinson's death?
I think Mr. Underwood thought that because Tom was truthfully innocent and that he should not be convicted like Atticus and Jem. The Ewells lied about the truth, and simply because a white man’s word is stronger than a black man’s word. Additionally, Mr. Underwood reveals the reality: that life does not always have the good guys win, and that there are miscarriage of justices as well.
I think Mr. Underwood saw the inequality of the trial and the innocence of Tom Robinson. He wanted the Maycomb children to understand the discrimination toward the blacks. Since the adults did not realize the unfairness of the trial, he tries to help kids see that everyone is equal. He wants the next generation to understand how to a truly equal society.
I think Mr. Underwood is one of the characters that truly understands how Maycomb thinks. He probably knows that even if Tom Robinson is truly innocent, he will still be claimed guilty if he is in trial against a white person.
Why did Mr. Underwood think that Tom Robinson’s case was a miscarriage of Justice and that Tom’s death is "like the slaughter of songbirds"?
On their way home, Scout and Jem get attacked by Mr. Ewell. When this event happens, Jem fights back and tries to keeps Scout safe; He sacrifices himself for her.
When Scout is about to kill a roly poly, Jem stops her and tells her to not kill it. When Scout inquires why, he says that it is because the roly poly did not bother her, so she should not bother it. This shows how Jem finally understands what Atticus is trying to tell them and the lesson he is trying to teach.
After Scout learns about democracy in school, she asks Jem how people hate Adolf Hitler and yet are not fair to African Americans. All of a sudden, Jem gets angry, grabs her by the collar, and yells at Scout to not talk about the case ever again.
Scout learns the major lesson of the book- to not harm the innocent and the weak for your own greed. Scout shows significant character growth compared to the beginning chapters as she expresses her resentment toward her attitude of treating Arthur. She no longer fears Arthur Radley nor tries to pull a childish prank on him anymore. She portrays her maturity into the thought of understanding Arthur Radley’s perspective and the reflection of her previous actions. She understands that Arthur is not a monster, but a person just like her who can feel anger, fear, and curiosity.
When Scout learns about democracy in shool and asks Jem why people hate Hitler so much and yet are also resentful toward someone from their hometown, she describes that "Jem was suddenly furious. He leaped off the bed, grabbed [her] by the collar and shook [her]. 'I never wanta hear about that courthouse again, ever, ever, you hear me? Don't you ever say one word to me about it again, you hear? Now go on!' (Lee247).
I chose to do this passage because it uses the title of the novel, which was only used once before, so the passage has to be significant. In addition, this passage shows 2 major themes in the story, and gives insight to the fact that not everyone agrees with Tom's death and trial.
Racism/Discrimination- Good over Evil
P. 319 - Pink Book
P. 322 - Pink Book
In the book To Kill a Mockingbird the idea of racism, discrimination, and equality plays a major role in the book. The title of the book "To Kill a Mockingbird" symbolizes the innocence and purity of that of a mockingbird who only "sings its heart out" for people to listen. The hunters of these innocent songbirds represent the evil and hatred in society. In chapters 25 to 28, numerous events reveal the shadows of human nature in Scout's society. Jem experiences the remorseful judgement of the court leading to his realization that the society is unjust unlike his childish expectations. Scout comes to understand the reasons behind people's intentions and learns the wisdom her father has tried to teach her.
Jem is characterized as hot-tempered when Scout asks him a simple question. Even though Jem already realizes the unfairness of the trial, Sout is just now pondering this concept when she learns about democracy in school. His yelling at Scout portrays how he is probably frustrated that Scout still has not learned and understood society and how it works. He is irritated that Scout does not get the fact that people are resentful toward Tom Robinson just because of his skin color. He is also pretty bitter because his eyes are finally open to the truth and the perfect society he saw before comes crashing down.
Have you ever experienced an event that completely changed your perspective of life?
Do you remeber the first time when someone laughed at your dream and told you your dream is impossible?
Have you experienced inequality when people bullied others?
Did your teachers provide better opportunities for the students they favor more?
These are all experiences of prejudice that people encounter in their lives.
As the news of Tom Robinson's death began to spread throughout Maycomb, Mr.Underwood describes his perspective of it as, "It was a sin to kill cripples, be they standing, sitting or escaping" (Lee 241). In addition, "He likened Tom's death to the senseless slaughter of songbirds by hunters and children" (Lee 241).
Mr.Underwood is comparing Tom Robinson to a mockingbird that the police at the prison killed so merciless. Lee uses a simile to show how sinful and wrong Tom's death was since truthfully, he did not rape Mayella.Also the use of the phrase "senseless slaughter" (Lee 241) helps to evoke a grim and ruthless feeling towards Tom's death. He knew that Tom's side of the story was the truth, but a white man's word is always stronger than a black man's word. Mr.Underwood portrays a true understanding of one of the many themes of the story. He shows how "it is a sin to kill a mockingbird," in this case, Tom is the mockingbird that is defenseless since he is crippled. Also, the theme shows how Tom was an innocent being that was put to death by prejudice and discrimination. This is also the second time Harper Lee uses the title of the novel in the stroy. The fact that she chooses to use the title of the novel in this story shows the significance of Tom Robinson's case/death, and how the story is beginning to come to an end.
After Jem and Scout get attacked, they return home, and when Dr. Reynolds comes, Scout illustrates what he has done for them when she says “[she] knew Dr. Reynolds’ step almost as well as [her] father’s. He had brought Jem and [her] into the world, had led [them] through every childhood disease known to man including the time Jem fell out of the tree house, and he had never lost [their] friendship… Dr. Reynolds’ small joke made [her] smile” (Lee264-265).
Dr. Reynolds’ is described as friendly and calming. Scout seems really close to him and she treats him as if he was a family member. She knows him well because he has always been there for her through her whole life. He is characterized as someone who everyone would love if they met him and someone who is really caring for his patients. For example, he helps make Scout feel better by telling her a joke and not to worry. He is sort of like an uncle to Scout. Besides Atticus, Dr. Reynolds seems like the only person whom Scout really loves. She treats him differently than the other men that she met and talked to.
In Chapter 26, Scout reflects on her past actions and reveals that she has learned the message of the book as she says,”The Radley Place had ceased to terrify me, but it was no less gloomy, no less chilly under its great oaks, and no less inviting…Sometimes I felt a twinge of remorse, when passing by the old [Radley House], at ever taken part in what must have been sheer torment to Arthur Radley-what reasonable recluse wants children peeping through his shutters, delivering greetings on the end of a fishing-pole, wandering in his collards at night”(Lee 324).
Its one of the most significant passages because it reveals that Scout has finally learned the theme of the book. This passage reveals new characteristics of Scout such as the maturity and understanding she gained through contact with Arthur Radley.
I chose to write about chapter 26 because it emphasizes on Jem's growth and Scout's lack of growth.
This quote portrays how Scout has
a family figure outside of her actual
P. 323- Pink Book