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The Trojan War

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Anoushka Pradhan

on 2 July 2013

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Transcript of The Trojan War

The Trojan War
The Trojan War
By Anoushka
How It Started
The Trojan War basically began because Helen, the wife of Menelaus of Sparta and the most beautiful woman on earth, ran away with Paris of Troy. The last battles of the war were described by the great poet Homer in his epic poem "The Iliad". It was called that, because the ancient name of Troy was Ilion.
According to Homer, the cause of the war was the abduction of beautiful Helen, wife of King Menelaus of Sparta, by Paris, a prince of Troy, while he was a guest staying at the palace in Sparta. The real reason, however, behind the conquest of Troy by the Greeks, was its strategic position on the Hellespont.
How It Started
According to another mythical version, the reason behind the Trojan War was founded on the belief of the ancient Greeks, that god Zeus arranged the whole thing, because he was convinced that such a war which would cause many deaths, would be the right solution for the problem of overcrowding, which plagued the earth at the time!
How It Started
Menelaus and his brother Agamemnon gathered an army of Greek heroes to go to Troy to get Helen back. Odysseus was one of those heroes.
Odysseus didn’t want to go to Troy and even tried to trick people into believing he was insane to avoid going, but in the end, he went and became one of the greatest heroes of the war.
The absolute greatest hero of the war was Achilles, who shows up briefly in Book 11 of the Odyssey. Agamemnon, the brother of Menelaus, was also an important hero and was made chief commander of all the Greek armies.
The Trojan Horse
According to legend, the Trojan Horse is a tale from the Trojan War. The Greeks were trying to get over the wall of Troy for over a decade, but neither could they get in nor could the Trojans drive them away.
One day, a Greek General, Odysseus had an idea. “Let’s pretend to sail away”, he suggested. “We’ll leave a gift for Troy, a gift to announce the end of war, a wooden horse with 30 men hidden inside. At night, these men can sneak out and open the gate of Troy!” Everyone thought this was a great idea and they all agreed.

The Trojan Horse
The horse was built under the leadership of Epeus, and according to Quintus Sertorius, a Roman General and author, it was built in 3 days.
When the horse was finished, they bought it as close to the gates as they could without being shot.
The Trojans were surprised to see that the Greeks were sailing away and had left a gift, which meant that they had accepted defeat.

The Trojan Horse
They dragged the horse into town, but they couldn’t take it into the city because it was too big, and the Greeks had done that on purpose.
Some people wanted to burn the horse, but everyone said that it was too beautiful and they wanted to keep it forever as a reminder of their victory.

The Trojan Horse
That night, when all the Trojans were fast asleep in their beds, the Greeks crept back near Troy in the darkness of the night. Meanwhile the Greek soldiers were climbing out of the horse and creeping towards the gates of the city.
They opened the gates of Troy for the rest of the Greek army and that was the end of Troy.
There is also another version of the Trojan Horse which is a little bit different but the start is the same. It's like this- According to Quintus Smyrnaeus, Odysseus came up with the idea of building a great wooden horse, the horse being the emblem of Troy, hiding a select force inside, and fooling the Trojans into wheeling the horse into the city as a trophy. Under the leadership of Epeus, the Greeks built the wooden horse in three days. Odysseus' plan called for one man to remain outside of the horse. He would act as though the Greeks abandoned him, leaving the horse as a gift for the Trojans. A Greek soldier named Sinon was the only volunteer for the role.
Another Version
Another Version
Virgil, an ancient Roman poet, describes the encounter between Sinon and the Trojans like this: Sinon successfully convinces the Trojans that he has been left behind and that the Greeks are gone. Sinon tells the Trojans that the Horse is an offering to the goddess Athena, meant to atone for the previous desecration of her temple at Troy by the Greeks, and ensure a safe journey home for the Greek fleet. The Horse was built on such a huge size to prevent the Trojans from taking the offering into their city, and thus garnering the favour of Athena for themselves.
Another Version
While questioning Sinon, the Trojan priest Laocoön guesses the plot and warns the Trojans, in Virgil's famous line "Timeo Danaos et dona ferentes" (I fear Greeks even those bearing gifts). However, the Greek god Poseidon sent two sea serpents to strangle him and his sons Antiphantes and Thymbraeus, before any Trojan believes his warning. King Priam's daughter Cassandra, the soothsayer of Troy, insists that the horse would be the downfall of the city and its royal family. She too is ignored, hence their doom and loss of the war.
Athena–Goddess of War, Hera–Goddess of Love, Poseidon–God of the Sea, Hermes–God of animal husbandry, roads, travel, hospitality, heralds, diplomacy, trade, thievery, language, writing persuasion, cunning wiles, athletic contests, gymnasiums, astronomy and astrology, Hephaestus–God of fire, metalworking, stonemasonry and the art of sculpture and Thetis–Goddess of the Sea.
Gods On The Greek Side
Gods On the Trojan Side
Aphrodite-Goddess of beauty, love and pleasure, Ares–God of war, battle, civil order and manly courage, Apollo–God of prophecy, oracles, healing, plague, disease, music, song, poetry, archery, and the protection of the young, Artemis-Goddess of hunting, wilderness, wild animals and childbirth, Zeus-God of the Sky and Ruler of the Olympian Gods, Scamander-A River-God, Leto-Goddess of Motherhood and Protectress of Children and Eris-Goddess of strife, discord, contention and rivalry.
Gods On The Greek Side
Athena
Hera
Poseidon
Hermes
Hephaestus
Thetis
Gods On The Trojan Side
Aphrodite
Apollo
Ares
Artemis
Zeus
Scamander
Leto
Eris
Did You Know That . . .
Troy was located on the coast of Asia, across the sea from Greece?
Troy is in Turkey?
The horse is the emblem of Troy?
Back then, when you admitted defeat, you had to leave a gift for your enemy? It could be anything-money, art or even slaves.
The Greeks were famous for their art?
In ancient times along the walls, inside of the city, a set of stairs wound up to the top? Warriors could stand at the top of the stairs and shoot arrows down at intruders who were trying to get inside the city. There were also holes built high on the wall. Archers could shoot arrows though the holes as well.
The events in this story took place in the Bronze Age?
The Trojan War lasted approximately for a decade?
THE END
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