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English Grammar: Articles

An explanation of articles (the, a/an) in the English language

Claudio Sennhauser

on 28 April 2011

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Transcript of English Grammar: Articles

Nouns Articles Definite/Indefinite Five Sources of Definiteness The noun has been
previously mentioned. A superlative or
ranking adjective
makes the noun's
identity specific. The noun describes
a unique person,
place, or thing. A modifying word,
phrase, or clause
follows the noun. The context or
situation makes the
noun’s identity clear. Choosing the Correct Article Is the noun definite? Yes No use "the" use "a" or" an" Singular Is the noun definite? No use no article Long reports are difficult to write. Plural or Uncountable Switzerland's main exports are cheese,
and chocolate. Yes use "the" Learning Hints:
Consider that "a" and "an" are derived from "one". It is therefore illogical to use "a" or "an" with a plural noun. I saw a funny looking dog yesterday. When my cat saw the dog, it ran away. The highest mountain in the world is Mt. Everest. The Earth revolves around the sun. Do you remember the girl who went camping with us? Please close the door. Memorize uncountable nouns. Every definite noun takes "the" as the article, regardless of whether it is plural or singular. The reports I gave you yesterday are top secret. The people working at Ricoh are very smart. The painting in the living room is beautiful. I had a sandwich and a Pepsi for lunch. Countable Uncountable chairs houses printers computers dollars bags monkeys telephones countries cities Can always be made plural. Cannot be made plural. sugar bananas cars milk ice rain soap rice air coffee fun traffic gold information
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