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Romeo and Juliet

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Rosemary Sibold

on 8 September 2015

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Transcript of Romeo and Juliet

True love. Burning jealousy. Betrayal. Murder. Sounds like a soap opera, right? But these experiences are nothing new.
Human nature remains the same throughout time - since before people could even write about it. All these emotions were recorded by one of the best authors to write in the English language: William Shakespeare.
Shakespeare is a poet great depth and beauty. His word has survived the test of time - it is still popular almost four centuries after his death.
About William Shakespeare
Willam Shakespeare was born on April 23, 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon and died on April 23, 1616.
In November 1582, Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway. When they married, he was 18 and she was 26. They had 3 children.
The portrait believed to look most like Shakespeare is on the title page of the First Folio, right. The First Folio was pusblished in 1623, 7 years after Shakespeare's death.
Shakespeare not only wrote plays; he performed on stage as a professional actor in London.
Shakespeare is buried in Holy Trinity Church in Stratford. The inscription on the stone beneath his monument reads:
Shakespeare's London
Queen Elizabeth
Elizabeth I was one of the most popular and long-reigning monarchs in English history - her curly, red hair and shrewd political mind are well-known through books, movies, and legends.
Taking its name from this sovereign figure, Elizabethan England was a time of great literary and artistic flowering, royal turmoil, and general domestic complacency.
Queen Elizabeth Fun Facts
Queen Elizabeth I was born September 7, 1533 in Greenwich. She died March 24, 1603 in Richmond, Surrey.
Elizabeth was the daughter of King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. Henry had Anne beheaded in 1536. One of the reasons why he had her killed was because she did not give birth to a son. Henry wanted a son to replace him as king after his death.
At 25, Elizabeth became Queen on November 17. 1558, the day Queen Mary died. She was crowned two months later on January 15, in a coronation ceremony.
The Queen spoke Greek, French, Italian, and, of course, English.
During her reign, England defeated the Spanish Armada. Because the Spanish navy was thought to be better than the British this victory raised the status of England throughout Europe.
William Shakespeare
Biographical and Historical Information

Introduction to
The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet
Romeo and Juliet Intro
Elizabethan Theater
In Shakespeare's time, plays were most often performed in outdoor theatres. Performances took place during the day so that the stage would be illuminated by natural light.
The people who stood around the stage were called groundlings. They paid one penny to enter the theatre.
Romeo and Juliet
Written in the mid-1590s and first published in 1597,
Romeo and Juliet
is Shakespeare's first non-historical tragedy, and it is in many ways the richest and most mature of his early works.
The writing shows many of the characteristics of Shakespeare's early work, with frequent use of end-rhymes and an abundance of descriptive, metaphoric imagery.
Romeo and Juliet - Literary Devices
Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet has an edge-of-the-seat plot full of murder, love, feuding, and betrayal.
Driving this tragic play forward is the fast-paced and witty dialogie of the script.
Eggectively capturing the audience's attention, Shakespeare has used a number of important literary devices, which serve to amuse, guide, and hypnotize the viewer of this production.
Romeo and Juliet - Literary Devices
A pun is a play on words - words have more than one meaning but the same sound.
Mercutio and Romeo of ten exchange puns with one another in the play:
Mercutio--"Nay, gentle Romeo, we must have you dance."
Romeo-- "Not I, believe me. You have dancing shoes/ With numble soles; I have a soul of lead..."
(I iv 13-5).
Romeo has used the word "sole" when referring to Mercutio's shoes, then made a pun by referring to his "soul."
Romeo and Juliet - Literary Devices
Foreshadowing describes when a piece of dialogue or action in a work refers to future events in the story even though the characters have no prior knowledge such events will occur.
In the following quote, Benvolio is consoling Romeo on his loss regarding Rosaline:
Benvolio--"Take thou some new infection to thy eye,/And the rank poison of the old will die" (I ii 49-50).
Here Benvolio unknowingly foreshadows the fact that as soon as Romeo sees Juliet, the "new infection," the "rank poison" of Rosaline dies and he can think only of his new Capulet love.
Romeo and Juliet - Literary Devices
A metaphor is a comparison in which an object or person is directly likened to something else that could be completely unrelated.
The most famuous metaphor in Romeo and Juliet is Romeo's monologue outside the Capulet orchard:
Romeo-- "But, soft! what light through yonder window breaks?/
It is the east, and Juliet is the sun
." (II ii 2-3)
Here, Juliet is metaphorically compared to the sun despite the fact that she has nothing physicalyl in common with a glowing star hundreds of thousands of miles away.
Romeo and Juliet - Literary Devices
Personification occurs when an inanimate object or concept is given the qualities of a person
This is exemplified when Juliet is waiting for her lover, Romeo, to come to her windowsill in the Capulet orchard.
Juliet-- "For thou will lie upon the wings of night/ Whiter than new snow on a raven's back./ Come, gentle night, come, loving, black-brow'd night" (III ii 18-20)
Obviously, the night does not have wings, nor does it have a brow, but giving it these qualities adds a mystique to Juliet's monologue and a poetic quality to the language.
Romeo and Juliet - Literary Devices
An oxymoron describes when two juxtaposed words have opposing or very diverse meanings.
In the following quotation, Juliet has just leaned that Romeo murdered her cousin, Tybalt, and she is venting her feelings of anger at her lover for hurting her family.
Juliet-- "Beautiful tyrant!" (III ii 77)
When Juliet refers to Romeo as a "beautiful tyrant," she is expressing an oxymoron because the acts of a tyrant will rarely be referred to as beautiful.
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