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Drama Improvisation

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Hannah Dem

on 20 January 2013

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Transcript of Drama Improvisation

Hannah Demeyere Improvisation Spontaneous improvisation Spontaneous improvisation is when actors go onto a stage without being able to practice beforehand and come up with a story as they go along. The actors are usually given a stimulus from which they have to create a story on the spot. In spontaneous improvisation the group of actors have to acquire several skills in order to create a good story. The actors have to listen carefully to one another so that the story doesn't suddenly come to a halt because two actors said two completly different things such as, "Mary left town to go to the north of Canada" and then suddenly the next actor says "Mary will be coming later today to go with me to the west of Europe". Polished improvisation Polished improvisation is still improised but this time the actors recieve it a bit more time to prepare and get a bit of an idea but they don't have specific lines assined to them and changes can still take place. The actors have a better idea in their head about what the story is about and even perhaops what subject they could talk about but there is nothing concrete. Skills for successful improvisation To be a succesful improvisor you need to have certain skills to make your work as believable as possible. The actor must be a good listener and be able to pick up details so that he is able to extend what the other person is saying. You must be very accepting and never block another person by deneying what they are saying. For example if someone says "It was horrible weather outside, it was raining bucket." and then the other person says"No, the sun is shining." The other person cannot build on that because they are being blocked by the other person. Useful tools Bibliography: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Improvisation
http://dramaresource.com Learning about spontaneous and polished improvisation can help an actor improve his skills, for example in a play, if a character happens to be sick or says the wrong lines the actor could be able to alter what he has to do or to say so that the play still runs smoothly. Being able to do a spontaneous improvisation takes a lot of courage so it prpares the actor for several things and not to be afraid of doing certain things.
A director can use improvisation in his plays or movies to make people more comfortable with the role they are doing or seeing how certain people express their characters by letting them improvise a scene but they have to remain in character. Why is improvisation important? Improvisation, as I said before, can be very helpful in plays but it is also a great skill to have for other techniques in theatre. The listening and response technique is very important for all plays. If you are talking to someone, you expect a response and in some way the person should extend it even further. Improvisation also takes a lot of courage to be able to stand up and act something out, so by learning to do so the actor becomes more used to doing so therefore building up more courage. How does improvisational theatre work? A team of people get given props or a stimulus and they have to make up a story using those things. In polished improvisation the team of people is also given props and/or a stimulus but they are given a week or two to practise it. The people are brought to the stage and they must come up with a story as they go along, without knowing what exactly the next person will be saying. History Improvisational theatre started way back in the 16th century in Italy when performers would stand in the streets of Italy and improvise the basic storyline of a well known story. In the 1890's people took up the improvisation techniques used in Italy and expanded them to be used in rehearsals and acting training. The techniques eventually spread to be part of something all actors must learn. People havehave even developed shows such as 'Whose Line is it Anyway' when profesional improvisors have to perform different games where they have to improvise using only what they have been told. Workshop Inspiration - Hitchhiker: In this game a group of three people are on a 'road trip', but they stop to pick up a hitchhiker. The hitchhiker is a very strange character and the people in the car change as to make the person feel a lot more welcome.
-Grandma's seat: this is a game that focuses mainly on concentration. There is an 'old lady' and she wants to take a seat, but the rest of the group is trying to avoid letting her sit down by switching chairs all the time. The aimm is to keep grandma out of a chair for as long as possible.
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