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Learning Styles

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on 6 February 2016

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Transcript of Learning Styles

Have a strong visual memory
Are able to convey information into diagrams or flow charts. (Illinois Online Network 2015)
Learn through alternative means such as the television (Sword, 2002)
Are well suited to learn through online courses.



(Total executive, 2016)
Learn best when information is in a visual format like pictures or diagrams (Miller, 2008)
Like to learn through observations and find working in quiet environments to be better. (Illinois Online Network, 2015)
They tend to be more artistic and may find online courses easier due to the graphic nature of material (Stokes, 2001).



Visual/non-verbal
Strengths
So it can be said that learning is something that we are engaging in every single day of our lives. From the day that we are born to the day that we die, we are learning about different cultures, languages and behaviours etc. (Pritchard, 2009, p1)
Kinesthetic/Tactile
What is kiesthetic/Tactile learning?

(Pritchard 2009, p50.) describes Kinethetic/Tactile learning by experience or doing things through physical interaction or activities. We can call this "Learning by doing." ( Pritchard 2009, p50.)

To sum it up, they absorb information best by doing, experiencing, touching, moving or being active in some way or another.

Auditory/verbal
Verbal language is the prime form for exchanging information for those within the auditory learning style.
They learn best by hearing and speaking. They are good with sounds.
A visual/verbal leaner will always benefit from studying alone. It has been said that they can see information in their 'minds eye' when trying to remember something. (Cheek&Rolfe2012)

May find it difficulty when tested through traditional means. (Sword, 2002)
When working in groups, they may have trouble translating the information in their heads into words.
May find it difficult to work in noisy environments
Have been critised by serious academics for liking pictures (Miller, 2008)
Teaching can take more time as visual lessons take more time to prepare (Miller, 2008)

They like music and have a good sense of rhythm. They remember important concepts using a jingle or song.
They remember oral instruction well.
They enjoy participating in group discussions as interacting with others in a listening /speaking exchange, best helps them remember things. (Kanar,1995)
Aural learners tend to "subvocalise" and talk aloud about concepts to themselves.
Limitations
Learning, as described by Pritchard (2009, p1), is the process of 'gaining knowledge' of something or how to do something.
Learning styles is something that we can not address without first addressing learning itself .So as we venture into the world of learning styles, let us talk a stroll down learning lane.
Furthermore Washburne (1936, p603) describes learning in terms of reaching 'goals inspite of obstacles' by the process of experience. So in other words striving towards knowledge!
Learning is inevitable to us all!...
but what is learning styles??
Learning styles can be described as the characteristics in which we take in information, (Kiang, 2010, 555). It can also be seen as the most effective way that we interact with information when it comes to learning (Clark, 2008, p85).

It can also be said that when we know our learning style our engagement in learning is enhanced and helps us to grasp more information. (Clark, 2008, p85).

In this presentation we will look at 4 different learning styles and the way in which they function for those who use these as one of their preferred learning styles.
Strengths
Limitations
Learning Styles
Conclusion
Characteristics:
Likes to write notes.

Draw pictures whilst listening to information.

Mesmerizes by walking and seeing.

Enjoys hands on activities.

Tends to take frequent breaks when studying.

Strong leadership skills.

Process' information quite fast.

Enjoys feeling, discovery & action.



Auditory learners typically are slower readers than visual learners.
Courses that convey information in the form of graphs and other visual illustrations are sometimes more challenging for auditory learners
Aural learners are sensitive to both the presence of and the absence of sounds.
A learner who is accustomed to hearing and discussing information might have difficulty with silent activities such as test-taking or online learning, which might involve long periods of reading and writing. ("When Learning,"2001)
Conclusion
“Knowing your learning style will help you develop coping strategies to compensate for your weaknesses and capitalize on your strengths” (Sprenger, 2003 in LDPride.net).
Auditory learners experience more pleasure,are more engaged, and acquire new skills with much less effort when the experience matches their individual learning styles.
Reference

Clip Art Panda. (2015). 87 Images for Pencil Border Clip art. Retrieved January 21 2016, from http://www.clipartpanda.com/categories/pencil-border-clipart
Illinois Online Network. (2015) Learning Styles and the Online Environment. Retrieved January 21 2016, from http://www.ion.uillinois.edu/resources/tutorials/id/learningStyles.asp
Kanar,C.C.(1995) The Confident Student.Boston:Houghton.Mifflin Company
Miller, S. (2008). Learning Styles. Retrieved January 21 2016, from http://www.4faculty.org/includes/digdeeper/lesson4/learningstyles.htm.
Sprenger, M. (2003).Explained Differentiation through learning styles and memory.LDPride.nethttp://www.ldpride.net/learningstyles.MI.htm#Learning%20Styles%20
Strengths

Outgoing and expressive.

Remembers what they experience and do with movement and touch (motor memory.)

Likes practical/involved participation.

Likes to try new things.

Athletic & good at sports.

Learn best when they are moving (Major, 2014)

Have a strong sense of body timing and movement coordination.

Hand eye coordination.
Limitations:
Struggles with sitting still and paying attention.

Finds it difficult sitting through lectures, resulting in having to take frequent breaks. "The more they have to sit still the less the focus on." (Major, 2014)

Struggle with focus, unless it's hands on learning (Major, 2014)

Become quite bored without physical elements incorporated into learning process.
Kinesthetic - meaning
(movement)
and tactile -
(touch)
is pretty much how you sum up this type of learning style! Learning through movement and touching! If you are this type of learner, to learn best and to grow new skills, take a hands on approach, with involved experience by exploring and discovering!
Conclusion:
It has been said that people learn best through visual and verbal information. Visual learners make up 65% of the population. They generally are neat and organized , punctual spellers and can quickly read a diagram /chart. They are also known to be the fastest talkers.
( Mills, 2015)
STRENGTHS
Visual/verbal learners are most proactive when presented with information in a written form , strengths consist of :
written information suitable to ones learning
listening and being apart of lectures
online learning
use of textbooks (Cheek&Rolfe,2012)
LIMITATIONS
Visual learners struggle listening to directions and information that is not in a written text
One can experience difficulty in a classroom environment and may need information to be repeated
A visual learning may find it challenging to perform a physical task , for example a lab experiment without a written set of instructions
(Cheek&Rolfe,2012)

Characteristics
They learn best with graphics or pictures.
They often like to learn in a quiet environment
They find that methods that uses colour are easier to learn from
Stokes, S. (2002). Visual Literacy in Teaching and Learning: A Historical Perspective. Retrieved January 21 2016, from http://ejite.isu.edu/Volume1No1/Stokes.
Sword, L. (2002). I Think in Pictures, You Teach in Words:
The Gifted Visual Spatial Learner. Retrieved January 21 2016 from http://talentdevelop.com/articles/ITIPYTIW.html
Total Executive. (2016) Will Creativity Have A Proven Dramatic Impact on Business Results? Retrieved January 21 2016, from http://totalexecutive.com.au/will-creativity-have-a-proven-dramatic-impact-on-business-results/
Kiang, M. (2010). Learning Styles. In C. Clauss-Ehlers (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Cross-Cultural School Psychology (pp. 585-587): Springer US.
Washburne, J. N. (1936). The definition of learning. Journal of Educational Psychology, 27(8), 603–611. http://doi.org/10.1037/h0060154
Pritchard, A. (2005). Ways of Learning: Learning Theories and Learning Styles in the Classroom: David Fulton.
Clark, T. (2008). Learning Styles in Practice Enabling Learning in Nursing and Midwifery Practice (pp. 83-98): John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Visual non verbal learners are known to be very creative and are good at using this creativity when learning.
They have adapted to learning through the television and through images.
This learning style while it may work for some, may not suit everyone.
(Miller, 2008)
(Clip art panda, 2015)
Sprenger, M. (2003).Explained Differentiation through learning styles and memory.LDPride.nethttp://www.ldpride.net/learningstyles.MI.htm Learning%20Styles%20

Sword, L. (2002). I Think in Pictures, You Teach in Words:The Gifted Visual Spatial Learner. Retrieved January 21 2016 from http://talentdevelop.com/articles/ITIPYTIW.html

Stokes, S. (2002). Visual Literacy in Teaching and Learning: A Historical Perspective. Retrieved January 21 2016, from http://ejite.isu.edu/Volume1No1/Stokes.

The Gate Academy. 2015,Sep12.Visual Learning . Retrieved from Retrieved from www.youtube.com/watch?v=pcmt1ckvp_E

Total Executive. (2016) Will Creativity Have A Proven Dramatic Impact on Business Results? Retrieved January 21 2016, from http://totalexecutive.com.au/will-creativity-have-a-proven-dramatic-impact-on-business-results/

Washburne, J. N. (1936). The definition of learning. Journal of Educational Psychology, 27(8), 603–611. http://doi.org/10.1037/h0060154

https://www.dslweb.rmit.edu.au/lsu/content/1_Studyskills/study_tuts/learning%20styles/felder.html

https://revolutionarypaideia.files.wordpress.com/2012/10/kinesthetic-learners.gif
There are many different ways a learner can progress.
Examples of preferred learning styles are:
writing sentences and highlighting important information
clarifying diagrams in a written form
visual cues that can be easily memorized
flashcards
colour contrasting and coding
word processing and visual reviews
( Cheek&Rolfe, 2012)
Cheek, B & Rolfe, A. ( 2012). Learning Styles. Journal of Innovait, 5(3),176-181.doi:10.1093/innovait/inr239

Clark, T. (2008). Learning Styles in Practice Enabling Learning in Nursing and Midwifery Practice (pp. 83-98): John
Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Clip Art Panda. (2015). 87 Images for Pencil Border Clip art. Retrieved January 21 2016, from http://www.clipartpanda.com/categories/pencil-border-clipart

Hagan, J. (2013). Communication in Greece. Retrieved January 22 2016, from https://jhagan92.wordpress.com/2013/10/07/communication-in-greece/

Hue , B (2016). Visual +Verbal: A Bachelor of Science Program Exhibition. ( Online image). Retrived Jan 22nd , 2016 from http://mcad.edu/features/visual-verbal-bachelor-science-program-exhibition

Illinois Online Network. (2015) Learning Styles and the Online Environment. Retrieved January 21 2016, from http://www.ion.uillinois.edu/resources/tutorials/id/learningStyles.asp

Kanar,C.C.(1995) The Confident Student.Boston:Houghton.Mifflin Company
Miller, S. (2008). Learning Styles. Retrieved January 21 2016, from http://www.4faculty.org/includes/digdeeper/lesson4/learningstyles.htm.

Kiang, M. (2010). Learning Styles. In C. Clauss-Ehlers (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Cross-Cultural School Psychology (pp. 585-587): Springer US.

Miller, S. (2008). Learning Styles. Retrieved January 21 2016, from http://www.4faculty.org/includes/digdeeper/lesson4/learningstyles.htm.

Mills , M (2015 , March 9th) NO YOU ARE NOT A VISUAL/AUDITORY/KINESTHETIC LEARNER! Retrived from https://matteroffactsblog.wordpress.com/2015/03/09/no-you-are-not-a-visualauditorykinesthetic-learner/

Pritchard, A. (2005). Ways of Learning: Learning Theories and Learning Styles in the Classroom: David Fulton.

Schunezl, B. (2014). More Important Than the Words You Say, Non-Verbal Communication Says It All. Retrieved January 22 2016, from https://blog.teamsnap.com/general-sports/more-important-than-the-words-you-say-non-verbal-communication-says-it-all







( The Gate Academy , 2015)
(Heu, 2016)

www.dreamtime.com
www.dreamtimetime.com
wwwpetershillprimary.org
www.stuffpoint.com
REFERENCES
(Schunezl, 2014)
(Hagan, 2013)
By Andrew Brooks
By Daisy Threlfall, Jade Mitchem, Suzanna Matthias, Hosanna Siv and Andrew Brooks
Full transcript