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Critical Race Theory
Transcript of Critical Race Theory
Critical Race Theory Everyday racism is a common, ordinary experience for people of color in the United States Racism is largely the result of "interest convergence," sometimes referred to as material determinism Race is socially constructed Racism often takes the form of "differential racialization" Everyone's identity is a product of intersectionality *While working on his tenure, his superiors expressed concern over his two dollar membership in the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). He refused to surrender his membership, so officials physically moved Derrick’s desk into the hallway and reduced his assignments. After repeated requests from officials to relinquish his NAACP membership, Bell instead resigned his position at the school. The experiences of racial minorities have given them what might be called a unique "voice of color" Presented by:
Kathy Duke Derrick Albert Bell, Jr. *Bell went to law school at the University of Pittsburgh -he was the only black student in his class of 140 and one of three black students in the school. *Bell joined the NAACP Legal Defense Fund (LDF) led by Thurgood Marshall Bell worked to dismantle school segregation. He supervised more than 300 school desegregation cases in the South. EDUCATION
J.D., University of California at Berkeley, 1974
Notes & Comments Editor, California Law Review
A.B., University of Washington (Mathematics, Philosophy) Richard Delgado: Curriculum vitae Available here:
http://www.law.seattleu.edu/Documents/faculty/cv/DelgadoCV.pdf Jean Stefancic: EDUCATION
M.A. University of San Francisco.
B.A. Maryville College, cum laude. Corriculum Vitae Available Here:
http://www.law.seattleu.edu/Documents/faculty/cv/stefancicCV.pdf Often credited as a founder of Critical Race Theory They met at a law conference,
and they have never looked back. In 1971, Bell became the first black tenured professor at Harvard Law School. He wrote and published Race, Racism and American Law, now in its sixth edition. It is the academic study of race and the law. In an interview on RecruiterEsq.com, by a student-turned-professional, Delgado and Stefancic speak about how their work began and what they have done since:
We’ve been in it since the beginning. Richard attended the small founding workshop, held in a convent outside Madison, Wisconsin, in 1989. Shortly afterward, we published the first collection of critical race theory writing, Critical Race Theory: The Cutting Edge (Temple University Press), now in its second edition. Since then, we’ve participated in most of the meetings and workshops and written some of the foundational literature. We also co-edited a book series, Critical America, for NYU Press, that lasted for 14 years and published over 70 books on race, equality, and social critique. (Recruiteresq.com) In 1980, Derrick became the Dean of the University of Oregon School of Law, becoming one of the first African Americans to serve as dean. That same year, he published a seminal work Brown v. Board of Education and the Interest Convergence Dilemma, in which he argued that white Americans would only support racial and social justice to the extent that it benefits them. His argument that the Supreme Court’s decision in Brown was driven, not by concerns over genuine equality and progress for black Americans, but rather by concerns over the nation’s emerging role as an anti-Communist military superpower. Six years later, Bell resigned his position as Dean of Oregon Law in protest of the faculty’s refusal to hire an Asian American female professor. He returned to Harvard. *Bell saw the parallels between his work as a civil rights lawyer and a leader for the students’ demand for increased diversity on the law school faculty. In 1990, Bell took an unpaid leave of absence in protest from Harvard Law School. He would never return. After refusing to end his two-year protest leave, Harvard University dismissed him from his position as Weld Professor of Law. After Bell’s return to Harvard Law School, he staged a five-day sit-in in his office to protest the law school’s failure to grant tenure to two female professors of color. Two of the Greatest Contributors to Critical race Theory since its inception. Many people think "racism" applies to only visible forms of racism, e.g. physical or verbal attacks against people of color Instead, most racism comes in the form of little daily things such as being patronized, talked down, avoided, underestimated, etc. Racism is common because it overlaps with something needed or desired of a white individual or group Racial categorization doesn't reflect biological reality but rather the current beliefs about race at different times (e.g. the change of classification of Italian, Jewish, and Irish people from non-white status to white in our Nation's early years) The "dominant society"defines the racial characteristics of different minority groups at different times in response to its shifting needs. No one has a simple uncomplicated identity based on race alone. Race intersects with class, sex, sexual orientation, and political orientation. Many critical race theorists believe that minority writers and thinkers are in a better position to speak about racism because they experience it directly.