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Innovation process and system

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Eva Gajzago

on 25 February 2014

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Transcript of Innovation process and system

INNOVATION PROCESS AND SYSTEM
BASICS
Definition of innovation
The innovation process
Types of innovation process
Innovation levels
(systems)
Global and supranational innovation
Human side of innovation
CONTENT
Basics of innovation (definitions, process, actors)
Types of innovation process - history and development
Levels of innovation and systems - global, national, regional, local
Innovation intermediary organizations

lecturer, project manager, College of Dunaújváros
PhD student, Széchenyi István University Doctoral School on Regional Science
Eva GAJZAGO
gajzago@mail.duf.hu
the implementation of a new or significantly improved product (good or service), or process, a new marketing method, or a new organizational method in business practices, workplace organization or external relations
the process of translating an idea or invention into a good or service that creates value or for which customers will pay.
the development of new values through solutions that meet new requirements, inarticulate needs, or old customer and market needs in value adding new ways.
National and regional innovation
Local innovation
Definition of invention
An invention is a unique or novel device, method, composition or process. It may be an improvement upon a machine or product, or a new process for creating an object or a result. An invention that achieves a completely unique function or result may be a radical breakthrough. Such works are novel and not obvious to others skilled in the same field.
New scientific or technical idea, and the means of its embodiment or accomplishment.
something, typically a process or device, that has been invented
Innovativity of a firm
Innovativity of a person
Innovativity
global and international actors
national actors
regional actors
local actors
governments
companies
universities
research laboratories
intermediaries
ACTORS = PEOPLE
Types of intermediaries:
public, business, civil
for-profit, non-profit
Innovation intermediary organizations
An innovative firm is one that has implemented an innovation during the period under review.
Oslo Manual, 47.p.
Malecki-Veldhoen
A company is innovative if more than 20% of its revenue comes from product innovations introduced in the previous 3 years.
marked by or given to innovations
using or showing new methods, ideas, etc
being or producing something like nothing done or experienced or created before
knowledge-based economy
Types of innovation
Oslo manual:
product
process
marketing
organizational
Introduction:
College of Dunaújvaros, Hungary - Inst. Social Sciences, Application Office
PhD student, Doctoral School on Regional Sciences, Győr - Innovation intermediary organizations
member of regional innovation subcommittee of Hungarian Academy of Science
12 years work experience (6,6)- marketing, project management, teaching
participating in the foundation of Innovation Management Center of the college
mother of 2 children (2,4)
Actors of the
innovation process
Regional innovation system
Knowledge creation
Public research centers
Educational institutes
Technology Transfer Organizations
and incubators
Knowledge utilization,
application (clusters)
Buyers
Suppliers
Competitors
Partners
Regional policy
Public institutes
Regional Development Centers
NIS
Organizations
NIS
Regulations, laws
Other regional systems
International systems
EU policy
Other regional systems
R&D competencies
Qualified workers
Transfer
COMPANIES
Financing
Subvention
Innovation
Cluster
Policy
Knowledge creators:
science academies
higher educational institutes
research institutes
research labs of companies
other non-profit research institutes
joint R+D+I organizations
Knowledge users:
companies
public institutions
cluster organizations
knowledge creators
Smahó, 2008
QUESTION
Who is innovative?
Why?
Linear
Schumpeter - Technology push
Schmookler - Demand pull
Coupling (feedback) model
(Rothwell)
Integrated model
Innovation cycle model
Global innovation index
Global innovation barometer
http://www.ideaslaboratory.com/projects/innovation-barometer-2013/
strengthening power of developed regions
deregulation
changing innovation systems and structures
improving role of information, communication
higher educational institutes joining global networks and processes
global information and cooperation networks
awareness of natural resources
localization
QUESTION
How do you think globalization influences innovation?
globalization - changing structures
localization - establishing local cooperation, utilize specific local factors, participate in local networks or clusters
cities or regions are the cradles of creativity
strong and trust-based relationship
specific local factors
New definition of
innovation intermediaries
previous definitions based on national and sub national innovation systems and on technology transfer of institutions and marketing behavior and innovation strategy of companies
need to be defined through the “human side” of innovation and people participating in the innovation process
special market and communication niche, or because of a knowledge gap or information shortage
inventor and researcher
innovation process is a special market
Organized groups of people which are connected or impregnated into the innovation process and supplement the missing knowledge, information, skills, attributes or relations of researchers and entrepreneurs with their specific knowledge, information, skills, attributes or relations to help in the market based production and the marketing of the innovative product
Tasks of intermediaries
Types of intermediaries
target oriented
scientific institutional
academic, university
technology transfer
science park, technopolis, incubator
liaison office
bridge organizations (active and passive)
private service and consultant
1.For-profit
a. private
•private innovation intermediary
•business innovation center
b. higher educational organizations (inside the institute or near)
•incubators
•technology parks
•science parks
2.Non-profit
a. public organizations
•national and regional innovation agency (RIA)
b. both private and public joint organizations
•liaison office
•RIA subcenter
3.Joint organizations (For- and nonprofit)
a.aktív bridges
b.technopolis
Principles of activity
People
researchers have special attributes and personality
researchers and companies speak an other language
trust based connections
Ideas
unique ideas
unique developments and researches
unique process of innovation
Sources and resources
unique sources are needed (e.g. HR)
Culture:
differs form business cultures
have to increase creativity
collecting and handle ideas and inventions
collecting and handle information about resources (HR, technological, financial, infrastructural, etc.)
tasks about researchers and R&D
tasks about companies and product development, sales
horizontal tasks í(connections, networks, cooperation, trust building, communication, knowledge transfer, marketing, etc,)
HE-BCI research indicators
(Higher education-business and community interaction survey
Collaborative research, Contract research
Consultancy
Facilities and equipment-related services
Continuing professional development and Continuing Education
Regeneration and development programmes
Intellectual property
Patent applications, Patents granted
Formal spin-offs established, Formal spin-offs still active after three years
Enquiry point for SMEs
Education: Short bespoke courses on client's premises, Distance learning for businesses
Required contracting system for all consultancy
http://www.hefce.ac.uk/whatwedo/kes/measureke/hebci/
THANK YOU FOR YOUR KIND ATTENTION
Eva GAJZAGO
gajzago@mail.duf.hu
BLOG: Marriage of Innovation and Regional Development
http://innoregdev.blogspot.com/
What is innovation?
'Innovation can be defined as the transformation of an idea into a marketable
product or service, a new or improved manufacturing or distribution process, or
even a new method of providing a social service. This transformation involves
an adaptive network of institutions that encompass a variety of informal and
formal rules and procedures—a national innovation ecosystem—that shape how
individuals and corporate entities create knowledge and collaborate to bring new
products and services to market.'

(Nagaoka S., Kondo M., Flamm K., Wessner C., 2009.): 21st Century Innovation System for Japan and the United States, Comparative Innovation Policy, 13.p.)

National innovation system (NIS) is
group of institutions, companies and other organizations
together with resources, regulations and terms, which
affect the development, elaboration, delivery, spreading and using of
new knowledge and technology

Hungarian innovation policy 2007-2013
National innovation systems
Definition
QUESTION
What kind of organizations participate in a national innovation system?
Why should the government support innovation?
QUESTION
Why should the government
support innovation?
development of
national economies
development of the innovation potential of economic sector
inventions can not easily come out from universities
innovation is a difficult process - can not be standardized (can not produce much profit, willingness of investment is low- common goods?)
innovation can be defined as a new method of social and public services
innovation is closely connected with knowledge - promotion of education
creation of knowledge is complicated and affected by the knowledge of people (unstable)
creation of knowledge is like information - can be copied or stolen
knowledge is know-how and expertise (difficult to measure)
knowledge (tacit knowledge) and innovation affects the society (not only the economy)
innovation does not only needs invention but the whole process and the knowledge of actors (and infrastructure too)
cooperation and networking is essential for innovation
How can (should) the government support innovation?
QUESTION
elaboration of basic innovation acts and regulations (standardizing regulations)
systematic and coherent promotion of science
increasing the rate of science and technology subventions in the budget
institutional reforms in public universities and research institutes (HR)
strengthening the cooperation of companies, industry, academics and higher education
development of patent laws and acts and increase the protection of property rights
promoting R&D project in cooperation of public and business sectors
founding special intermediary organizations - promoting cooperation and for effective research results
promoting technology transfer
promoting incubation of new companies (spin-offs)
establishing Cooperation Centres
special subventions for joint research projects
promotion of innovation marketing, spreading innovation culture
How can/should the government
support innovation?
Innovation performance in the EU
EU Member States’ innovation performance
http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/innovation/facts-figures-analysis/innovation-scoreboard/index_en.htm
4 groups of countries
Innovation leaders (Denmark, Finland, Germany and Sweden) - well above that of the EU27 average
Innovation followers (Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, France, Ireland,
Luxembourg, Netherlands, Slovenia, UK) - lose to that of the EU27 average
Moderate innovators (Czech Republic, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain) - below that of the EU27 average
Modest innovators (Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania) - well below of the EU27 average
country groups: innovation performance per dimension
What do innovation leaders have in common
national research and innovation systems with a key role of business activity and public-private collaboration
perform very well in Business R&D expenditures
perform very well in other innovation indicators related to firm activities (Sweden in 3 out of 8 innovation dimensions - Human resources, Finance and support, Firm investments -, Germany and Denmark in 2)
a balanced national research and innovation system
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