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Drapery in Art History

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Ann Clare

on 15 November 2012

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Transcript of Drapery in Art History

From Greek Sculpture to Cezanne's Still Life Drapery in Art History ANCIENT GREECE: Ancient Greece: Ancient Greece: The Renaissance Leonardo and his Notebooks POST Renaissance Contemporary Studies are Still Done This period sees the rise of Ancient Greece from the Greek Dark Ages. City-states were being formed, classical philosophy emerging and there was time to spend on theatrical and visual arts. This was a 200 year period that heavily influences our Western Civilization in politics, artistic thought, such as architecture, scientific thought, literature, and philosophy. This period is marked with Greece's ultimate cultural influence over Eurasia and Northern Africa. It is the transition between the zenith of Greece and the rise of the Roman Empire. Da Vinci was notorious for his numerous observational studies of all nature including those on perspective and value. A frequent subject of study was draped fabric. Da Vinci would examine how light and shadow would fall on the soft peaks and valleys. In addition to Leonardo Da Vinci, draped fabric found its way back into artwork as a mark of extreme skill and craftsmanship. Various experimentation with painting styles can be clearly seen at this point. Drapery and fabric continued to play a role in art through the next hundreds of years and if done well, a mark of a skilled artist. These studies are frequent components of drawings and paintings and often turn out so beautiful in and of themselves that they are simply a piece of art on their own. Archaic Period: 800 BCE- 480 BCE These statues are called kore (males are called kouros). They are heavily influenced by stiff Egyptian art and have little expressive movement. Can you see how the fabric is marked by straight lines drawn into the figure? These folds are more detailed, but still do not reflect the movement of fabric. The lines are straight, uniform and repetitious. Reflect on your own work. Do you see any parallels? Are you able to fix any of the problems that the Archaic Greeks were unable to fix with their limited knowledge and experience? The Classical Period: 480 BCE- 323 BCE Athena Parthenos The Greeks learned how to counterbalance figures creating more natural movement and expression. Much of the stiffness is eliminated in the fabric and creases are shown in a relaxed fashion. Messalina Carrying Brittanica Notice the layers of drapery that are wrapped around the figures building complexity to the piece. At this point in Art History, the fabric itself was becoming an artform and a measure of skill and mastery of the artist. Hellenistic Period: 323 BCE - 31 BCE East Pediment of Parthenon Wet Drapery becomes the framework for accentuating voluptuous anatomy of the human form. The fabric loses its volume and gains more texture with wrinkles and folds as it clings to the bodies of the subject. The figures literally look as though they are wearing wet dresses and robes. Nike of Samaranth This sculpture is respected as one of the most beautiful pieces of existing artwork. There are aspects of clinging Wet Drapery to accentuate certain parts of her form and voluminous in other areas to add to a sense of movement and spirit. Detailed view of Wet Drapery. Notice the greater texture and the more angular forms of the folds.
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