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The 13 Colonies

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Cylk Melinis

on 26 August 2013

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Transcript of The 13 Colonies

The 13 Colonies
By: Cylk Melinis
Date: 8/23/13
Period: 2
Maine

Maine, having been founded by John Winthrop in the year 1630 as a agricultural colony, was actually a part of Massachusetts. The colony was occupied by the British, who were Puritans.
Family Life
In the colony, trades surrounded the fishing business, as well as some agricultural commerce.

In home, wives cooked, cleaned, and raised the children with some struggle when winter came. Then, wives would have to work twice as hard to keep the home warm and sew suitable clothing for their children.

Generally, though, children would be fine, as lessons were taught in home.
Economy
Maine was known for it's production of corn, as well as ships. These were a major source of income, as bordering colonies- like, New Hampshire- were keen to have such exports.
Geographics
Major rivers of Maine include the Merrimack and the Piscataqua. These ran through the popular towns of Portland, Lewiston, and Bangor.
Natives
The Native Americans living in Maine before it was claimed were known as the Penobscot.
References
New Hampshire
New Hampshire was founded by John Wheelwright, who was a British Quaker. It was founded in 1638 as an agricultural colony.
Family Life
Life in New Hampshire was actually rather dull. The occupations of adults ranged from farming to fishing, and the home was not entirely at ease at all times.

However, children were still educated by their parents.
Economy
New Hampshire was well known for it's production of potatoes, which was a good way to communicate with bordering colonies Maine, New York, and Massachusetts.
Geography
Running through New Hampshire was the Connecticut river. As well, towns like Concord caught most attention.
Natives
The Abenaki Indians were settled in New Hampshire before anyone else.
References
Massachusetts
As a plantation colony, Massachusetts was founded by John Winthrop in the year 1630. The occupants were Puritans and were from England.
Family Life
The lives of the citizens in Massachusetts consisted of farming, lumbering, and ship building primarily.

Children were to help out if they were let out of lessons by whomever they were with.
Economy
Known for producing livestock and fish, as well as negotiating with New York and Connecticut, Massachusetts was a rather poor colony.
Geographics
With the river Charles River running through it, Massachusetts was a colony known for the towns of Salem and Boston.
Natives
"Wampanoag" was the title of the Native Americans who had settled in Massachusetts before the colonists.
References
Connecticut

Connecticut was an agricultural colony founded by Thomas Hooker in the year 1636, the inhabitants of which were Englishmen who practiced the Puritan religion.
Family Life
In colonial Connecticut, income came from wheat and corn, which provided for children and wives.

Children were expected to be grateful, and they were taught by their parents.
Economy
Connecticut was known for producing fish, which was traded with New York and Massachusetts for income.
Geographics
Running along Connecticut is the Long Island Sound. And, surrounding it are the popular towns of Hartford and New Haven.
Natives
The Native Americans living in Connecticut before the newest settlers went by the name of Schaghticoke.
References

Rhode Island

Having been founded in 1631 by Roger Williams, Rhode Island was a Plantation colony. British Christians inhabited the area.
Family Life
In Rhode Island, as the colony was small and coastal, livings were made by fishing and farming.

Children, when not playing or helping their mothers, were being taught by their fathers.
Economy
The largest source of income came from alcohol, which was a primary factor in the trade with bordering colonies Connecticut and Massachusetts.
Geographics
Along Rhode Island is the "red clay shore", which runs around Portsmouth, which was one of the colony's major towns.
Natives
Before the settlers, the Shawomet Native Americans were the occupants of most of Rhode Island.
References
New York
New York was founded by Peter Minuit in 1626 as an Indigo colony that was populated by Dutch Christians.
Family Life
New York was a colony based generally on income from trade over Indigo, wheat, and livestock.

Naturally, women took care of the home while men were out for income, and children were taught by their mothers.
Economy
New York was known for it's production of Indigo primarily, and was commonly doing business with neighboring colonies New Hampshire, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Pennsylvania.
Geographics
The famous towns of New York City and Albany were in the areas of the Niagara river.
Natives
The Native Americans in New York went by the title of "Tuscarora Indians".
References
New Jersey
To be a lumbering colony, the Dutch Sir Henry Hudson in 1609, who happened to be of Puritan faith.
Family Life
In New Jersey, income came from men's iron working and lumbering.

So, women stayed to take care of the home, and teach their children the "tools of trade".
Economy
New Jersey was none for it's production of iron and lumber, which were the sources of profit between New York and Pennsylvania.
Natives
The Lenni-Lenape were the Native Americans of New Jersey.
Geographics
The most popular towns in New Jersey were Princeton and Trenton, which were near the river Hudson.
References
Pennsylvania

Founded by William Penn in 1682, Pennsylvania was to be a colony of the textile industry that was inhabited by Catholic Englishmen.
Family Life
As the home was provided for by the men, who worked all day in the farms, at the ship docks, and with textiles, women stayed at the home.

The children were taught by their parents, as well, in the same trades.
Economy
The colony that was Pennsylvania worked with bordering colonies, like Maryland, New Jersey, and Delaware. They worked to create an income off of livestock, textiles, and agriculture.
Geographics
Running through Pennsylvania is the Delaware River, which surrounded the famous towns of York, Philadelphia, and Lancaster.
Natives
The Iroquois Tribe was the name of those Native Americans that had settled in Pennsylvania before the British.
References
http://www.native-languages.org/pennsylvania.htm
http://kathydoty.com/colonies/13coloniesinformation.htm
http://www.pennsylvaniaroots.com/history-5.html
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/usa/states/pennsylvania/


Delaware

The fishing colony that was Delaware was founded by Peter Minuit in 1638, who brought a population of Quakers from England with him.
Family Life
Life in Delaware was based on the income of the men's working in the lumber yards and fishing businesses.

Women stayed and took care of the home and children, teaching them the basics of work, as well.
Economy
Income came from the lumbering mostly, rather than the fishing, as wood was a vital thing for all colonies, including those that bordered Delaware, such as New Jersey, Maryland, and Pennsylvania.
Geographics
In Delaware, there was the Delaware River and the Atlantic Coastal Plane.
Natives
The Native Americans that were settled in Delaware were the Lenapes.
References
http://www.landofthebrave.info/delaware-colony.htm
http://kathydoty.com/colonies/13coloniesinformation.htm
http://google.com/imghp
http://genealogytrails.com/maine/hist_begofcolonialmaine_ch12.html
http://kathydoty.com/colonies/13coloniesinformation.htm
http://fourdirectionsmaine.org/penobscot
http://google.com/imghp
http://google.com/imghp
http://kathydoty.com/colonies/13coloniesinformation.htm
http://www.netstate.com/states/geography/nh_geography.htm
http://www.warpaths2peacepipes.com/history-of-native-americans/history-of-new-hampshire-indians.htm
http://kathydoty.com/colonies/13coloniesinformation.htm
http://google.com/imghp
http://www.warpaths2peacepipes.com/history-of-native-americans/history-of-massachusetts-indians.htm
http://kathydoty.com/colonies/13coloniesinformation.htm
http://google.com/imghp
http://connecticuthistory.org/topics-page/native-americans/
http://kathydoty.com/colonies/13coloniesinformation.htm
http://google.om/imghp
http://kathydoty.com/colonies/13coloniesinformation.htm
http://google.com/imghp

Maryland
Maryland became a colony in 1633, and it was founded by a Lord Baltimore. Maryland was to be an Indigo colony inhabited by British Catholics.
Family Life
Life in Maryland was not always nice, as sons worked with their fathers in the agriculture businesses, and daughters worked in the home with their mothers.
Economy
Income in Maryland was strenuous to maintain, as it came from business with Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. The largest source of income was Indigo dying and ship building.
Geographics
The major towns of Maryland, which were Baltimore and Annapolis, were in the area of the Chesapeake Bay.
Natives
The Nanticokes were the Natives of Maryland.
References
http://www.landofthebrave.info/maryland-colony.htm
http://google.com/imghp
http://www.native-languages.org/maryland.htm
http://kathydoty.com/colonies/13coloniesinformation.htm
Virginia
Virginia was a colony founded by John Smith in 1607. The Anglican Brits that inhabited the colony created a Plantation State out of it.
Family Life
In the rather hard lives of the people in Virginia, women married young and taught their children what they could, the sons moving on at a young age to work in the fields with their fathers.
Economy
The income for the citizens of Virginia came from the work cultivating wheat, corn, and tobacco, which was traded and sold to North Carolina and Maryland.
Geographics
In Virginia, the most popular rivers are the James and the York, which are near the famous town called "Jamestown".
Natives
The Powhatan Tribes were the first to settle in Virginia.
References
http://www.geocities.com/djyancey/colonial.htm
http://www.shmoop.com/colonial-virginia/religion.html
http://kathydoty.com/colonies/13coloniesinformation.htm
http://google.com/imghp
North Carolina
Founded by Virginian colonists in 1653, as another Plantation colony, a swarm of Quakers populated the area.
Family Life
In North Carolina, families were supported primarily on the money earned through tobacco farming, which was done by the men and sons. Women and daughters were to stay at home.
Economy
Tobacco was the major export of North Carolina, as it went to bordering colonies South Carolina and Virginia.
Geographics
In North Carolina there was the Blue Ridge Mountains, as well as the Davidson River, and the famous town of Raleigh.
Natives
The Native American tribe that was inhabiting the colony before the Quakers were known as the Cherokees.
References
http://google.com/imghp
http://www.usahistory.info/southern/North-Carolina.html
http://kathydoty.com/colonies/13coloniesinformation.htm
South Carolina
South Carolina was founded as an agricultural colony by English Anglicans.
http://undergod.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=69
http://google.com/imghp
http://landofthebrave.info/colonial-rhode-island.htm
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/rhodeisland/index.htm
Family Life
In South Carolina, income came from the production of rice, cotton, and cattle.

This provided for the wives, who took care of the home and children.
Economy
Tobacco, cotton, and rice were the most sold, bartered, and traded commodities among South Carolina and the colonies North Carolina and Georgia that bordered the colony.
Geographics
The Piedmont Mountains ran through South Carolina, as did the Savannah River. South Carolina was also home to Charleston, a very popular town.
Natives
The title of the Native Americans that were settled into South Carolina before the English was "Cusabo".
References
http://www.sciway.net/hist/indians/history.html
http://google.com/imghp
http://geography.howstuffworks.com/united-states/geography-of-south-carolina1.htm
http://undergod.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=69
http://kathydoty.com/colonies/13coloniesinformation.htm
Georgia
Founded by James Oglethorpe in the year 1732, the British Protestants turned the colony into a major producer of Indigo.
Family Life
Life in colonial Georgia was hard, really. Men had to work in the fields all day with their sons, and wives took care of their daughters and the home.

Children did not go to school, but were taught basics by their parents.
Economy
As income was scarce and came from Indigo and rice primarily, trade and business with South Carolina was vital.
Natives
Tribes by the name of "The Creek".
Geographics
The most popular town in Georgia was Savannah, which was nearly bested by the importance of the similarly named river.
References
http://google.com/imghp
http://www.landofthebrave.info/georgia-colony.htm
http://undergod.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=69
http://kathydoty.com/colonies/13coloniesinformation.htm
http://www.usahistory.info/southern/Georgia.html
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