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Social Constructivism Vygotsky

MAT 5310
by

Tammy Scaife

on 23 August 2013

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Transcript of Social Constructivism Vygotsky

Social Constructivism
Zone of Proximal Dev. (ZPD)
The area between what they already know and what they don't know quite yet.
Lev Vygotsky 1896–1934
Educational Theorist
Language: Private Speech
Vygotsky referring to "private speech". "The most significant moment in the course of intellectual development...occurs when speech and practical activity...converge."
Activity

Language Drives Thought
Educational Theory:
Social Constructivism
Social interaction leads to the development of thought and knowledge.
We learn first on a social level, then on an independent level.
Vygotsky says,
Learning is social.
The student's role is dependent on social interaction.
Private speech (or egocentric speech, or vocalizing) leads to inner speech and higher order thinking. It is neither social communication nor silent thought. Like talking to oneself. "Talking it out."
3 Types of Speech
Egocentric or Private Speech, sometimes called Vocalizing
External speech
Inner Speech
Social Constructivism in the Classroom
Physically it looks like the teacher or the MKO is in close proximity to the students. Learners are grouped together in a "social huddle".
Criticisms of Vygotsky
Society, culture has too much influence?
Social constructivism discourages creativity?
Value in Rote Memorization?
Believed we construct or make meaning
socially, together with others, and with an MKO (more knowledgeable other)
"What the child is able to do in collaboration today, he will be able to do independently tomorrow."
This is social speech, direct interpersonal communication with peers and MKOs.
personal consciousness, where higher order thinking occurs.
In order to help our students reach higher order thinking, we must meet them in the zone.
Together as one group, try to balance all of the nails on the head of a single nail. All of the nails have to be balanced at the same time and cannot touch anything (not even the wood!) but the top of the nail that is stuck in the wood base. Have fun!
Demonstration
Good try! Let's pay close attention beginning with Step 2 to the video as we watch the MKO guide us in accomplishing the task.
Conclusions
Great job! We learned together, socially, how to balance the nails with the help of an MKO.
Examples...
Math example
"Struggling students in a Math class are assigned a peer tutor. (MKO) The peer tutor helps their partner work through problems by providing hints and instruction. (Guiding) Struggling students will stop relying on MKO as they work through ZPD levels. The amount of help from the peer tutor can be gradually reduced until they are no longer needed or relied on." ( Beaumie Kim, The University of Georgia)
Neat Website for Interactive Activities
http://olc.spsd.sk.ca/DE/PD/instr/intera.html
Full transcript