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Safe drinking water act
Transcript of Safe drinking water act
It is an act passed by the U.S Congress in 1974 in order to protect citizens’ public drinking water supply.
Some laws that demand people protect drinking water and its sources, such as rivers, springs and lakes.
Non-Community Water System
It is a public water system that serves the public but does not serve the same people year-round. There are two types of non- community systems:
Non-Transient Non-Community Water System (20,000)
Transient non-community water system (89,000)
Protection and Prevention
-Water systems may adopt programs to protect their watershed or wellhead
-States can use legal authorities from other laws to prevent pollution.
-SDWA sets a framework for the Underground Injection Control (UIC) program to control the injection of wastes into ground water.
-US EPA and states implement the UIC program, which sets standards for safe waste injection practices and bans certain types of injection altogether.
-US EPA and states provide small systems with extra assistance (including training and funding) as well as allowing, on a caseby- case basis, alternate water treatments that are less expensive, but still protective of public health.
Compliance and Enforcement
EPA and states can take enforcement actions against water systems not meeting safety standards.
Who is under the protection?
Public/Community water system
A public water system that serves the same people year-round. Most residences including homes, apartments, and condominiums in cities, small towns, and mobile home parks are served by Community Water Systems.
Safe drinking water act (SDWA)
Present by Yuting Xie
Non-Community Water System
Non-Transient Non-Community Water System
It serves the same people more than six months per year, but not year-round, for example, school with its own water supply is considered a non-transient system.
Transient non-community water system
It serves the public but not the same individuals for more than six months, (e.g. a rest area and playground)
Drinking Water Costs & Federal Funding
－Treat and Delivery
On average tap water costs are slightly more than $2 per 1,000 gallons.
Treatment accounts for about 15 percent of that cost.
The annual water bill: $300 per household
Funding for Drinking Water Programs
Beginning in 1976 US EPA began providing grants to states in order to assist in implementation of both the Underground Injection Control (UIC) and Public Water System Supervision (PWSS) programs. In 1976 the amounts set-aside for UIC and PWSS were $2.5 million and $7.5 million, respectively. In 2004, the amounts have grown to $10.9 million and $102 million.
Funding for Drinking Water Infrastructure and Maintenance
There are also national set-asides, which target funds from the overall DWSRF appropriation to address specific purposes. These national set-asides are used to fund drinking water projects for American Indian Tribes and Alaska Native Villages, to conduct monitoring of unregulated contaminants, and for reimbursement of drinking water operator certification training expenses. In FY 2004, national set-asides of $12.7 million were taken for American Indian Tribes and Alaska Native Villages, and $2 million were set-aside for unregulated contaminant monitoring.
Checking Your Water Quality Through 3 Ways
1. Consumer Confidence Reports
2. State Compliance Reports
How To Involved?
At the Federal Level
US EPA holds many public meetings on proposed drinking water standards to the development of databases.
Comment on drafts of other upcoming US EPA documents.
A list of public meetings and regulations that are open for comment can be found on US EPA’s drinking water web site at www.epa.gov/safewater/ pubinput.html or from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 1-800-426-4791.
At the State Level
Call the Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 1-800-426-4791
Visit US EPA’s web site at www.epa.gov/safewater/dwinfo and click on your state.
Operator Certification Program
EPA issue guidelines in February 1999 specifying minimum water standards. All states are currently implementing EPA-approved operator certification programs, which include ongoing stakeholder involvement.
Local water system level
Consumer Confidence Reports
Nowadays, community water systems are required to provide their consumers with these annual reports that have information about where drinking water comes from, what is in it, and how consumers can protect their water source, by July 1st of each year.
Source water Protection
People can help protect their community’s drinking water source in several ways. People can work with the states or/and water utility during the drinking water assessment.
“You can also work with your water supplier, local government, an existing community watershed group, or start your own community group to create a broader source water protection program.”
Telephone Hotline: US EPA operates the Safe Drinking Water Hotline (1-800-426-4791)
Internet: US EPA’s drinking water web site (www. epa.gov/safewater)
Wolfeboro 2014 Consumer Confidence Report
The town of Wolfeboro meets and exceeds all states and federal EPA standards for water quality. In addition to that, the town also completed an energy efficiency project at the water treatment facility.
Source of drinking water (taps and bottled water):
Upper Beach Pond located on Beach Pond Road
Pesticides and herbicides
None for 2013