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American Music History

US music history from 16th century to present day with video examples.

Leif Jacobsen

on 1 November 2013

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Transcript of American Music History

Thank you for your attention!
And one more thing...
The music of the native americans has no signification to the american music tradition.

The popular music from the 16th to the 18th century were classical music and opera composed by e.g. Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Brahms, Mendelsohn, Strauss, Hände, Puccini and Verdi.

The immigrants brought their own instruments and music tradition with them from their old country.

They played and sang whenever family and friends were together and in their churches.
Folk Music and Country

Many American folk songs are identical to British songs in arrangements, but with new lyrics - a variety of ballads, humorous stories and tales of heroes or legendary people.
This is about cowboys sitting round the campfire at night telling og singing stories about their lives on the great prarie.
Spirituals were primarily expressions of religious faith, sung by slaves on southern plantations.
In the mid to late 19th century, spirituals spread out of the U.S. South.
It later evolved to the popular style of gospel music sung and played in the churches.
Negro spirituals & gospel
American Music History
Classical Gospel Blues
Jazz Folk Country
Soul Rock Pop
R & B Hip Hop Rap
The Blues
Blues is a combination of African work songs. It developed in the rural South in the first decade of the 20th century.
Just like the cowboys playing their guitar and singing about their lives round the campfire - the negro was picking his guitar and singing about his enslaved life - a life of hard work, deep poverty and of sorrow - naturally feeling "blue".
One of the first to be recorded was Robert Johnson but others soon followed - now they are all legends: Muddy Waters, John Lee Hooker and BB King.
Jazz's roots come from the city of New Orleans, Louisiana, populated by Cajuns and black Creoles, who combined the French-Canadian culture of the Cajuns with their own styles of music in the 19th century. Large Creole bands that played for funerals and parades became a major basis for early jazz, which spread from New Orleans to Chicago and other northern urban centers.
Though originally a kind of dance music, jazz has been a major part of popular music. Jazz has roots in West African cultural and musical expression, and in African American music traditions including blues and ragtime.
The earliest jazz bands adopted much of the vocabulary of the blues.
It later brought the bigbands with e.g. Count Basie and soon follewed crooners like Dean Martin, Sammy Davis Jr. and Frank Sinatra.
Soul and R&B
R&B, an abbreviation for rhythm and blues, is a style that arose in the 1930s and 1940s. Early R&B consisted of large rhythm units "smashing away behind screaming blues singers (who) had to shout to be heard above the clanging and strumming of the various electrified instruments and noisy rhythm sections.

Soul music is a combination of rhythm and blues and gospel which began in the late 1950s in the United States. It is characterized by its use of gospel-music devices, with a greater emphasis on vocalists and themes.
The 1950s recordings of Ray Charles, Sam Cooke, and James Brown are commonly considered the beginnings of soul.
One of Sam Cooke's most well-known songs "A Change Is Gonna Come" (1964) became accepted as a classic and an anthem of the civil rights movement of the 1960s.
Rock n'n roll
It all started on national televison on
The Ed Sullivan Show on August 7, 1955:
And then i 1956 on the same tv-show came Elvis - and the world hasn't been the same since!
Hip hop, rap and modern r&B
Hip hop arose in the early 1970s in The Bronx, New York City.
Hip hop is a cultural movement, of which music is a part. Hip hop music for the most part is itself composed of two parts: rapping, the delivery of swift, highly rhythmic and lyrical vocals; and DJing and/ or producing, the production of instrumentation either through sampling, instrumentation, turntablism or through beatboxing, the production of musical sounds through vocalized tones.
One of the pioneers was Grandmaster Flash.

Modern hip-hop, rap and r&b have melted together and has become a multi billion dollar industry.
From pop to protest
There are many differerent music styles in the US but it all dates back to either the white immigrants or the slaves who were brought to the US from Africa.

Their music has spread all over the world and has had an enormous influence on music in different parts of our globe whether it is jazz (traditional, bigband or modern), soul and r&b, rock 'n' roll, hip hop & rap, pop or new country.

Just check http://www.billboard.com/charts/hot-100
The mid sixties brougt british pop to the US starting with the Beatles and pop was the new thing.
The Beach Boys started a new wave with surf music from the sunny beaches of California.

This started a counterculture - a movement that embraced political activism, and was closely connected to the hippie subculture. The hippies were associated with folk rock, country rock, and psychedelic rock.
Folk and country rock were associated with the rise of politicized folk music, led by Pete Seeger, Bob Dylan and Joan Baez.
We are Young
feat. Jaenelle Monae
There are bout 20 million Spanish speaking immigrants in the US and they have brought their own music to their new home.They are called latino's or hispanic's.

There are many great latino stars - Trini Lopez was the first - Gloria Estefan followed and today Jennifer Lopez is the biggest latino artist even though she was born in the Bronx in New York.
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