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Writing in the Social Sciences
Transcript of Writing in the Social Sciences
Writing in the Social Sciences
1. State the problem/research question.
2. Summarize general well-known information.
3. State results/conclusion of research.
What did you do to get to this conclusion?
*save details for rest of paper
Review of Literature
An expansion of discussion of what the audience has previous knowledge of. This would include more in depth discussion of definitions/histories/theories.
It would also affiliate similar research and display any differences found.
This part should establish the audience to understand the topic.
The intention of this portion is to completely define the research.
Order of Organization
2. Review of Literature
4. Findings (also called Results)
7. References (according to APA style)
8. Appendices (if needed)
Discuss what these results mean. Answer questions like:
1. How does your results compare to past results of other studies done.
2. Is there a lack of correlation in your findings? An abundance?
3. What generalizations can be determined from this study?
The results are a presentation of the findings that the researcher has gathered from the data.
This section is where you state the result of your work and, if a hypothesis is involved, whether you accept or reject it.
The use of tables and charts make this section short but effective and any text should avoid repeating what is shown via chart/table.
Explain how you did your research in explicit detail. Anyone reading your paper should be able to copy your process and end with similar results.
Describe everything: how you chose your subjects, how data was collected, what analysis took place.
What is Social Science?
Writing in the social sciences pertain to topics involving life sciences, nursing, and education.
Most papers on this topic follow the same basic structure which utilizes both APA styled writing and similar methods of research.
4. In-Text Citations
The conclusion should answer the question "What do the findings mean?"
Paragraphs should be developed by displaying information based on themes and trends disclosed from findings. Present how research agrees or disagrees with previous comparable studies.
After each paraphrase, write the author's last name and the date of writing.
Example: The sky is blue (Smith 2012).
Smith (2012) found that the sky is blue.
#1 What is Research? What is a peer reviewed journal? Examples?
#2 Why are style guide lines important?
What is your style guide?
#5 Bibliography vs Works cited
#6 Footnotes & End notes
#7 What types of Sources?
Style guides are important because they provide consistent specific formatting.
Specific guides will guide a paper in style, voice, organization, and references for your paper.
Style guides allow readers to follow a paper more efficiently and not be distracted by unfamiliar format.
The style guide for writing in the social sciences is APA Style.
Writing in APA style is a crucial aspect of being a scholar and professional in the social sciences.
A list of the books referred to in a scholarly work, usually printed as an appendix.
A quotation of or explicit reference to a source for substantiation, as in a scholarly paper.
Writing in the Social Science uses the APA style therefore you will use works cited.
Not recommended, but if required, then there are two types of footnotes:
When using either type of footnote, insert a number formatted in superscript following almost any punctuation mark.
Footnote numbers should not follow dashes (-)
In a sentence in parenthesis, the footnote be inserted within the parentheses.
*All footnotes should be placed at the bottom of the page on which they appear
#6 Footnotes & End notes cont.
Research is the act gathering of information (data) to answer questions and prove or reject hypotheses about the world around us.
A peer reviewed journal is an academic text that has been tested numerous times by the author(s)' peers in an attempt to verify or disprove the original research. Examples of peer reviewed journals are the
Journal of Mass Communication & Journalism
Journal of Socialomics.
Should be kept brief and mention only one subject
Content Footnotes/End notes provide extra information to the reader.
Can also direct readers to information that has more detail.
Quoting more than 500 words requirement of a formal permission is needed.
Formatting is the same as Content Notes
All other sources go on the Reference page
Attach a copy of the permission letter to the document
-When using APA style you're using the reference list
-Should be at the end of your paper
- References should be alphabetized by last name of first author
Huett, A. & Koch, R. (2011, June). Writing in the Social Sciences. Retrieved from https://www.una.edu/writingcenter/docs/Writing-Resources/Writing%20in%20the%20Social%20Science%20Format.pdf