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Measles

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Victoria Dennis

on 21 November 2016

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Transcript of Measles

-Measles was discovered by a Persian Doctor in the ninth century.
-1757 Scottish Doctor said the disease was caused by a virus
-In 1912 Measles became a nationally notifiable disease in the United States.
- In 1963 the vaccine became available.

Household Name: Measles
Medical Name: Rubeola

Causes of Measles
Measles is caused by the Rubeola Virus which is a part of the Paramyxoviridae family.
History of Measles
What is the Paramyxoviridae family
The Paramyxoviridae is a large family of viruses which causes a number of human diseases.


Signs and Symptoms
Cough
Fever
Runny nose
Inflamed Eyes
Red, Blotchy skin rash on body
Sore throat
Who is at highest risk of getting Measles.
Infants
Young children
Anyone who is not vaccinated in general
Or anyone whose immune system has been weakened by AIDS/HIV or other diseases/
Mode of Transmission
Measles is transmitted primarily from person to person but can also be airborne.
Breathing in tiny drops of fluid sent into the air when an infected person coughs, sneezes, etc.




Measles

Measles is a highly infectious viral illness, The virus is contained in the million tiny droplets that come out of the nose and mouth when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
What is Measles
(para-mixi-ve-a-die)
Measles symptoms don't appear until 10 to 14 days after exposure
"The Virus remains active and contagious in the air and on surfaces for up to 2 hours"
Infected people can spread measles to others from four days before through four days after the rash appears.
Treatment Options
There is no treatment to get rid of an established measles infection.
However a person can get the post-exposure vaccine within 72 hours of exposure.
Get injected with immune serum globulin which provides antibodies that will make symptoms less severe.
Take over-the -counter fever reducers.
Take Vitamin A to possible lesson symptoms.
Africa
Asia
The Pacific
Europe
Measles is considered an endemic in these parts of the world
Measles was documented as eliminated from the U.S in 2000
References
http://www.cdc.gov/measles/about/faqs.html
http://www.cdc.gov/measles/about/signs-symptoms.html
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/measles/basics/causes/con-20019675
http://www.medicinenet.com/measles_rubeola/page2.htm
There have been outbreaks in the United States.
In 2004 only 37 people were reported to have measles in the U.S
In 2014 there was a dramatic increase in measles to 644 cases.
2015 An infected foreigner in California spread the disease while at the Amusement park.


When should your child receive the MMR vaccine.

First Dose-
12-15 months
The 1st dose is 93% effective.
Second Dose-
4-6 years
The second dose is 97% effective.

Measures of Prevention
Routine measles vaccinations for children.
WASHING HANDS
Covering your nose and mouth when sneezing and coughing.
Disinfecting surfaces that you think could be contaminated
DO
NOT
SHARE food and drinks with others.


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