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Managing Stress and Anxiety

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by

Michelle Hiett

on 16 February 2012

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Transcript of Managing Stress and Anxiety

Stressor
You get a promotion at work
You can't find your keys before school
Go to a fun party that goes on until 2:00 AM
Your dog gets sick
Your cousin stays at your house for a week during the summer
All of the above
What is it?
reaction of the body and mind to everyday challenges and demands
Chapter 8
Managing Stress and Anxiety
Objectives
Examine causes and effects of stress
Analyze how stress can affect all aspects of health
Develop strategies for managing stress
Examine how healthful behaviors help reduce stress
Why is this important?
Everyone experiences it
Stress management can help you stay healthy and prevent diseases
P
O
P
E
S
eople
bjects
laces
vents
ituations
anything that causes stress
Categories of Stressors
5
Environmental
Personal Behaviors
Biological
Life Situations
Cognitive/Thinking
Mnemonic:
Elizabeth, Please Bake Large Cupcakes
Environmental


Personal Behaviors


Biological


Life Situations


Cognitive/Thinking
Poverty
Pollution
Crowding
Noise
Natural Disasters
Tobacco
Alcohol
Drug Use
Lack of Physical Activity
Negative reactions in the body and mind
illness
disabilities
injury
perception and how it affects the world around you
Chemistry Test
Math Test
Stress Response
1. Alarm
High Alert
Fight or Flight Response
Looks Like:
2. Resistance
You fight or take flight
Perform at higher levels of endurance
Fight: resist physical challenge
attack= enhanced
Flight: run faster/ farther
Incredible Feats
3. Fatigue
Tired/ Exhausted
Physical
muscles are sore and in pain
Reaction impaired
Psychological
worry
overwork
depression
boredom
isolation
overwhelmed with responsibility
Pathological
decreased immunity
decreased ability to fight disease
Flu
Overweight
Use of drugs/ alcohol intensify feeling of fatigue
Act of becomming aware through your senses
Perception and Past experiences
School Play
Walter Cannon- 1950s
Pupil Dilation
Increased Perspiration
Rise in Blood Pressure
Effects
of Stress

Physical Effects
Psychosomatic Response
Physical reaction that results from stress rather than injury
Mental/ Emotional/ Social Effects
What can stress cause?
-Anonymous
Difficulty Concentrating
Risks of Substance Abuse
Negative Self Talk
Mood Swings
Anger
Anxiety
Depression
Powerlessness
Chronic Stress
Long-term problems beyond control
How to control:
Engage in Physical Activity
Look for support
Find a hobby
Avoid using substances
http://www.moillusions.com/2007/06/spinning-sihouette-optical-illusion.html
How am I supposed to handle stress and anxiety?
-Westbrook
What are stresses that
high school students face?
People with high stress are twice as likely to develop colds as those with low-stress
70-80% of doctor visits are stress-related illnesses
High blood pressure
Headaches
Backaches
Indigestion
Insomnia
Physical Weakness
Ulcers
Diarrhea
What is the main cause of acne?
-Shahrukh Khan
Solutions
What NOT to do
Healthy Stress Reducers
List of 9
Example:
1. Listen to uplifting music
2. Talk to someone you trust
Choose
NEW BEHAVIORS
Separate from an external stressor
Resolve incompletes- Take care of it now!
Keep finances organized
Say "No"- Understand your boundaries
Exercise
Relax
Get a massage
Pamper yourself
Write poetry
Laugh/ Smile/ Make funny faces
Read
Choose
NEW THOUGHTS
Take a mental vacation
Challenge pessimistic beliefs
Focus on the positive
Find opportunity in the problem
Meditate
Guided Imagery
Identify your hurt
Talk to someone you trust
Trust a positive outcome
Deep Breathing
http://tekzoned.com/
Full transcript