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20 Figures of Speech

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hannah tooley

on 3 December 2013

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Transcript of 20 Figures of Speech

Metaphor
An object or idea that is used to symbolize something else
20 Figures of Speech
By Hannah Tooley
Epigraph
A quote from another piece of literature that is placed beneath the title of a poem
Litany by Billy Collins

You are the bread and the knife,
The crystal goblet and the wine...
-Jacques Crickillon

You are the bread and the knife,
the crystal goblet and the wine.
You are the dew on the morning grass
and the burning wheel of the sun.
Enjambment
lucy and her girls- Lucille Clifton

lucy is the ocean
extended by
her girls
are the river
fed by
lucy
is the sun
reflected through
her girls
are the moon
lighted by
lucy
is the history of
her girls
are the place where
lucy
was going
Running over of a sentence from line to line
Rhyme
Two or more words or phrases that end in the same sounds
Extended Analogy
Diapering This Poem- Marie Elise
I listen to my hands
folding fatigue,
creasing silence.
I never smile while self-exiled:
following a blind muse
like a whining child.
I am only skilled
at stealing rhyme
from mother goose and father time.
Here:
This poem is clean
and dry.
Would you like to hold it
till it starts to cry?
The Fallen- Franz Ferdinand

So they say you're troubled boy,
Just because you like to destroy,
All the things that bring the idiots joy,
Well, what's wrong with a little destruction?
A comparison that is carried throughout the whole poem
Slant Rhyme
Either consonants or vowels are stressed to make words sound like they rhyme
Anaphora
Deliberate repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of several lines
Bicycle Race- Queen
You say black I say white
You say bark I say bite
You say shark I say hey man
Jaws was never my scene
And I don't like Star Wars
You say Rolls I say Royce
You say God give me a choice
You say Lord I say Christ
I don't believe in Peter Pan
Frankenstein or Superman
All I wanna do is

Bicycle bicycle bicycle
Simile
Compare two things using like or as
Forced Rhyme

Okay- Wallpaper

Pushin' the '79 Beamer
Full of gasoliner
Stop at Dairy Queener
Sizzurp in my Blizzard
Breaking the Radio Shack speakers
Crispy new wife beater
So fresh and so cleaner-er
A rhyme that is produced by changing the normal spelling of a word, or by changing the normal structure of a phrase
Jack White- Love Interruption
I want love
To roll me over slowly
stick a knife inside me,
and twist it all around.
Personification
Toy Boy- Mika
I'm a wind up toy
In an up-down world
If you leave me all alone
I'll make a mess for sure

I've a heart of gold
In the smallest size
Leave me in the dark
You never hear me cry
Gives an inanimate object the characteristics of humans
Onomatopoeia
Word that imitates a sound
The Fox- Ylvis
Ducks say quack
and fish go blub
and the seal goes ow ow ow ow ow

But theres one sound
That no one knows
What does the fox say?

Ring-ding-ding-ding-dingeringeding!
Gering-ding-ding-ding-dingeringeding!
Gering-ding-ding-ding-dingeringeding!
What the fox say?
Rocky Raccoon- The Beatles
Rocky Raccoon
Checked into his room
Only to find Gideon's bible
Rocky had come
Equipped with a gun
To shoot off the legs of his rival
Assonance
Repetition of vowel sounds
Meter
A wonderful bird is the pelican-Dixon Lanier Merrit

A wonderful bird is the pelican,
His bill will hold more than his belican,
He can take in his beak
Enough food for a week
But I'm damned if I see how the helican!


The accentual rhythm, syllabic quantity, or the number of syllables in a line
Alliteration
Harder, Better, Faster, Stronger- Daft Punk

More Than Ever Hour After
Our Work Is Never Over
End Stop
White Room- Eric Clapton
In the white room, with black curtains, near the station.
Blackroof country, no gold pavements, tired starlings.
Silver horses, ran down moonbeams, in your dark eyes.
Dawnlight smiles, on you leaving, my contentment.
line ends with definite punctuation, makes you pause before continuing on
Sunburn- Muse

She burns like the sun
And I can't look away
She'll burn forever
Make no mistake
Hyperbole
Exaggeration

Grenade- Bruno Mars

I'd catch a grenade for ya
Throw my hand on a blade for ya
I'd jump in front of a train for ya
You know I'd do anything for ya
I would go through all this pain
Take a bullet straight through my brain
Yes, I would die for you, baby
But you won't do the same
Oxymoron
A contradiction
Falling Slowly- Glen Hansard

Falling slowly, eyes that know me
And I can't go back
Moods that take me and erase me
And I'm painted black
Big Yellow Taxi- Joni Mitchell
They paved paradise
And put up a parking lot
With a pink hotel, a boutique
And a swinging hot spot
The repetition of the same sounds or of the same kinds of sounds at the beginning of words
Allusion
Reference to another literary work
White Rabbit- Jefferson Airplane
One pill makes you larger
And one pill makes you small
And the ones that mother gives you
Don't do anything at all
Go ask Alice, when she's ten feet tall
Pun
Dental Care- Owl City

I've been to the dentist a thousand times so I know the drill
Word play that suggests two or more meanings, by exploiting multiple meanings of words
Euphamism
Shake Your Euphamism- Blue Man Group
It's time to shake that freckle-muffin
It's time to bake that turkey stuffin'
Let your smiley bulldog loose
And put some goose in your caboose
Wiggle that rump-hump
It's time to jiggle that jump-pump
Dance to the beat that the DJ cuts
There's no "if"s or "and"s

JUST BUTTS.
A a mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing.
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