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Applying Social Learning Theory
Transcript of Applying Social Learning Theory
Halpern, Diane, & Donaghey, Beth. (2011). Learning Theory: Historical Overview. Retrieved February 25, 2011, from http://www.education.com/reference/article/learning-theory-historical-overview/?page=2
Kretchmar, Jennifer. 2008. "Social Learning Theory." Retrieved on February 23, 2010 from EBSCO Host Axia College. Bandura suggests there are 4 main stages of social learning; Attention, Retention, Motor Reproduction, and Motivation/Reinforcement (Kretchmar, 2008). In the first stage, the child must see the action before trying to copy or imitate it. This could be from several different factors such as parents, siblings, peers, and teachers. The Theory The second stage is retention. The child must remember what he saw in order to reproduce it. Watching superiors suggests proper behaviors with identified results. This act, called imitation, could have negative results just as much as positive. The child may just as easily learn aggressive behaviors from watching those around them and the results granted by the behavior. The third stage is motor reproduction. The child needs to understand what he saw to remember it and then reproduce it. By demonstrating how to tie a shoe, the child will eventually learn to mimic the action to gain the same result. Understanding concepts applies across all forms of learning, whether it is physical or mental. A teacher would apply the subtraction concept by showing the child the steps in order for the child to repeat the steps. The last stage is motivation/reinforcement. The child is motivated by the results of the action which leads to reinforcement in getting the desired result. Depending on the role model and what is available in the child's environment, the child mimics the actions as appropriate. In all of these stages, one has to include other environmental factors; role models and superiors are people children see in the media, on television, on the radio, or wherever the child may receive behavioral examples. Using the Theory Using the Social Learning Theory, we are going to teach students how to communicate through sign language. First, the students will be given a handout on how to use their hands to sign the letters of the alphabet. The handout will be followed by the teacher showing the students how to sign. Each letter will be repeated several times until the students are able to remember on their own what sign makes what letters. After the students have learned the basics, they will be shown how to have a conversation using sign language. They will watch two people and imitate their movements. Person A will sign “Hi. How are you?” and Person B will sign “I am fine. How are you?” We will repeat this daily until students are able to imitate the exact movements on their own. By
Tommie Polite Albert Bandura Why It Works This activity relates to Social Learning Theory because it helps children learn how to react to their environment. Being able to communicate socially with the deaf is a very important skill to learn. Not everyone knows how to speak in sign language and learning the basics could help many people in society out. What is something serious happens and there are people who are deaf in the crowd? Who will help? The children that have learned basic sign language in school may be the only people who can help. Knowing how to do things like this could save someone's life. Also, it does help children build cognitively and physically through refining motor skills. "Social learning theory focuses on the sort of learning that occurs in a social context where modeling, or observational learning, constitutes a large part of the way that organisms learn. Social learning theorists are concerned with how expectations, memory, and awareness influence the learning process. Both humans and nonhumans can learn through observation and modeling. Consider, for example, the acquisition of sign language by the offspring of language-trained apes who learn to sign by watching their trained parents. Children learn many behaviors through modeling." (Halpern & Donaghey, 2011, p 2).