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Transcript of Infection Control
Precautions Image from http://www.comiccompany.co.uk/?category=21&collection=341 Work practices that constitute the first-line infection prevention and control in the environment.
These are recommended for the treatment and care of all patients. http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/book/australian-guidelines-prevention-and-control-infection-healthcare-2010/glossary Personal Protective Equipment Processes aimed at reducing the number of microorganisms on hands. This includes:
application of a waterless antimicrobial agent (e.g. alcohol-based hand rub) to the surface of the hands; and the use of soap/solution (plain or antimicrobial) and water (if hands are visibly soiled), followed by patting dry with single-use towels. http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/book/australian-guidelines-prevention-and-control-infection-healthcare-2010/glossary
http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/book/australian-guidelines-prevention-and-control-infection-healthcare-2010/b1-1-hand-hygiene "5 moments" Image from: http://www.hha.org.au/home/5-moments-for-hand-hygiene.aspx Types of handwashes Routine / social hand RUB
Routine / social hand WASH
Aseptic (non-surgical) hand wash
Surgical hand wash A variety of barriers used alone or in combination to protect mucous membranes, skin, and clothing from contact with infectious agents. PPE includes gloves, masks, respirators, protective eyewear, face shields, and gowns. http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/book/australian-guidelines-prevention-and-control-infection-healthcare-2010/glossary
http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/book/australian-guidelines-prevention-and-control-infection-healthcare-2010/b1-2-personal-protective Sequencing Donning
Removing Disposal of Waste Types in the healthcare setting
Waste labelling Images from:
http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/book/australian-guidelines-prevention-and-control-infection-healthcare-2010/b1-8-waste-management Clinical Waste safe sharps use + disposal laundry disposal Any object capable of inflicting a penetrating injury,
which may or may not be contaminated with blood
and/or body substances. This includes needles and any
other sharp objects or instruments designed to perform
penetrating procedures. http://www0.health.nsw.gov.au/quality/hai/tp_sharps.asp
http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/book/australian-guidelines-prevention-and-control-infection-healthcare-2010/b1-3-handling-and-dispos http://www0.health.nsw.gov.au/quality/hai/tp_sharps.asp http://www0.health.nsw.gov.au/quality/hai/tp_sharps.asp
http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/book/australian-guidelines-prevention-and-control-infection-healthcare-2010/b1-9-handling-linen When to use which type of PPE... Image from: http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/book/australian-guidelines-prevention-and-control-infection-healthcare-2010/a1-1-risks-contracting-h National Health and Medical Research Council. (2010). Clinical educator's guide for the prevention and control of infection in healthcare. Canberra, Australia: NHMRC Images from:
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-rgbBQs37-hQ/T9vkUkBUIXI/AAAAAAAACYg/vkaZzu1zkHg/s1600/mario_matkovich_sharps.jpg Cough Etiquette From: http://www0.health.nsw.gov.au/resources/quality/hai/pdf/tool_respiratory.pdf From Pg 11 of : http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/_files_nhmrc/publications/attachments/cd33_icg_clinical_ed_guide_web.pdf