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Transcript of ADHD Presentation
What is ADHD?
Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder
ADHD is usually found in children and young adolescents between the ages of 6-12. These individuals will likely begin causing problems in their school and home environments, including inappropriate outbursts or poor school performance.
Difficulty in focusing (Short attention span)
Excessive physical activity
Phelps was diagnosed with ADHD in the sixth grade and was prescribed Ritalin by his pediatrician. His ADHD had caused him to be fidgety in his classes and he had trouble paying attention to lectures.
At the age of 13, Phelps decided to use his medication only for support, rather than relying on it for relief from his symptoms. In his autobiography, Phelps admitted to feeling humiliated when the school nurse would remind him to take his Ritalin in front of his friends. Despite his teacher's and his mother's low expectations, Phelps was able to control his symptoms and become the most decorated athlete in Olympics history.
Michael Phelps proved that ADHD did not require complete reliance on medication treatment, and consequently showed that its symptoms could be controlled by a "placebo effect", by his belief that ADHD and its symptoms could be limited through willpower alone and that this experience would strengthen his mental fortitude.
Side-effects of Stimulants
The exact cause of ADHD is not currently known. However, many psychologists believe that the mental illness stems from both genetic and environmental factors, and their interactions with each other.
Based on the findings of multiple familial studies, heredity seems to be the most common cause of ADHD, with children being 5 times more likely to have ADHD if their parents were also diagnosed with the mental illness. According to numerous twin studies, if one sibling is diagnosed with ADHD, the other sibling is 3-4 times more likely to have ADHD as well.
Has 28 Olympic Medals (The most decorated Olympian of all time)
Most successful athlete for four Olympic Games in a row
During elementary school, he held the national record for the 100-meter butterfly in the 10-year old age group
Exposure to Toxic Substances
Psychologists have found a correlation between smoking and drinking during pregnancy to the development of behavior and learning problems in their children. Nicotine, alcohol, and lead can be toxic to brain tissue; babies and children are more prone to this as their brains are still developing.
Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD)
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
Substance use and addiction
Restless legs syndrome
ADHD can have a positive effect on many people, especially athletes. Their energetic behavior can provide a positive attitude towards school assignments or towards certain sports. Their impulsive behavior could also cause them to experiment with new ideas and inventions, possibly leading to innovations that others would have not considered.
In some special cases, some people with ADHD may become "hyperfocused", allowing them to be completely concentrated on a certain assignment until they complete it.
Many students with ADHD might find it difficult to pay attention in classes and feel uncomfortable sitting in a chair for long periods of time. They also might have a hard time in job interviews, as they could impulsively act and harm their chances of being hired. Among many other things, people with ADHD will have difficulty in dealing with situations that require patience and focus.
Loss of appetite
Increased blood pressure and temperature
Possible psychological dependence
ADD vs. ADHD
ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder) and ADHD are two separate diagnosable illnesses with one main difference. Individuals with ADD do not have the hyperactivity symptom of ADHD, and will tend to seem calm or serene in comparison to those with the latter illness. This lack of ebullience tends to lead many people to believe that people with ADD are shy, quiet, or slow.
Family therapy (Child)
Couples therapy (Adult)
Having a positive and determined attitude ("Placebo Effect")
Other Types of Treatment
These stimulants affect chemicals in the brain that contribute to hyperactivity and impulse control.
In 1902, British pediatrician Sir George Still was the first to mention an "abnormal defect of moral control in children", observing that these adolescents could not control their behavior like a typical human of that age, but they were still intelligent.
The first edition DSM did not include any recognition of ADHD.
The second publishing of the DSM included hyperkinetic impulse disorder (HID).
The DSM III was released, which replaced HID with Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD). Two subtypes were created: ADD with hyperactivity and ADD without hyperactivity.
The revised edition of DSM III removed the hyperactivity distinction and ADHD was added as a replacement.
The fourth edition of DSM established three subtypes of ADHD: combined type ADHD, predominantly attentive ADHD, and predominantly hyperactive-impulsive ADHD