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Bornean Orangutan

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by

Kaylee Kennedy

on 24 April 2014

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Transcript of Bornean Orangutan

Bornean Orangutans
Classification
Origin
Ancestors & Relatives
They are close relatives to the Sumatran Orangutan. They evolved from the
Sivapthecus
, a primate that dates back from 23.7 to 5.3 million years ago.
Basic Biology

Pongo Pygmaeus
Bornean Orangutan

Created By:
Britney Le & Kaylee Kennedy

Physical Appearance
Size
Habitat
Reproduction
Adaptation
Fun Facts!
Food Web
Energy Pyramid
Symbiotic Relationships
Threats
Population Size
Recovery Efforts
Works Cited
Domain- Eukarya
Kingdom- Animalia
Phylum- Chordata
Class- Mammalia
Order- Primates
Family- Hominidae
Genus-
Pongo
Species-
Pongo Pygmaeus
www.iunredist.org/details/17975/0
The Bornean Orangutan lives in Indonesia and Malaysia on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo. Thousands of years ago, they lived in Java, China, and Vietnam.
Baby orangutans have orange-red hair and long arms. They have some bald places and not as much hair.
The adult orangutan has much more hair than the younger ones. Males have large throat pouches. Bornean orangutans have broader faces than other types of orangutans.
Adolescent orangutans have more hair than it had when it was a baby. They have grown a darker color of fur too, from when they were babies.
http://worldwildlife.org/species/bornean-orangutan
http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Pongo_pygmaeus/
The height of a normal Bornean Orangutan is 3.3-4.6 feet tall. Most of them weight from 66-220 pounds.
They are located in Southeast Asia in the rainforests of Sumatra and Borneo.
The female orangutan can be between 5.8 to 11.1 years old to reproduce. They can produce 1-2 offspring a time.
The orangutan's long arms help them climb through the tree canopies. Their arms are 7 feet long. These long arms help them swing around branches and support their weight.
http://bioweb.uwlax.edu/bio203/s2008/ahrens_just/adaptation.htm
http://www.whateats.com/what-eats-an-orangutan
diet.yukozimo.com/what-do-leopards-eat
http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/kids/stories/animalsnature/african-wild-dogs/
www.awf.org/wildlife-conservation/grants-gazelle
www.whateats.com/what-eats-grass
Honeydew Fruit
Carpenter Ants
Bornean Orangutan
Leopards
African Wild Dogs
Gazelles
Grass
Deer
Alligator
Anteater
Hedge Hogs
Foxes
When male orangutans are about 15 years old, they develop large cheek pads, which female orangutans apparently find attractive
They have opposable thumbs which means they can touch each of their fingers with their thumb like humans.
The name “orangutan”means in English as “man of the forest”.
The average orangutan, in the wild, can live up to 35 to 45 years old.
http://www.orangutanrepublik.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=164&Itemid=95
www.orangutans-sos.org/orangutans
Honeydew
Carpenter Ants
Bornean Orangutan
Leopard
Producer
Primary Consumer
Secondary Consumer
Tertiary Consumer
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/399884/mutualism
Mutualism
Mutualism is a relationship between different species and they both benefit each other.
Commensalism
Commensalism is a relationship between two different organisms when one of the organisms is benefited and the other is not benefited or harmed in anyway.
Parasitism
Parasitism is a relationship between two organisms where one benefits from the other while the other organism suffers.
Symbiotic Relationships with the Bornean Orangutan
They have a parasitism relationship with the leopard because they hunt for orangutans and get food by killing them.
They have another parasitism relationship with carpenter ants because the orangutan eat them for food.
http://orangutan1.wordpress.com/fun-facts/

The End
Bornean Orangutan
The End
One reason they are endangered is there are a lot of plantations and farms near their habitat and if they are caught in the farm then they must be shot.
Another reason is that they are in illegal pet trades. This can decrease the populations of wild Bornean Orangutans because they reproduce slowly.
Up to 8,000 orangutans died from the 1997-98 forest fires in Kalimantan.
They were first classified as endangered in 1990.
The population size of the bornean orangutan is about 45,000 - 69,000 and they are decreasing.
The World Wildlife Foundation is working with wildlife trading monitoring networks to help the government enforce trading regulation laws. They are trying to get more rangers, prosecutors,and officers to enforce wildlife crimes.
They are also working with farmers, local people, and plantation owners to help get their agricultural areas as far away from the orangutan's habitats.
Organizations
Organizations like the World Wildlife Foundation and the Borneo Orangutan Survival Foundation are trying to bring recovery efforts to help them out.
Full transcript