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Film & Video
Transcript of Film & Video
The earliest American film were for working class
After 1900, started targeting middle class
1907 - Production companies moved from NYC to LA
Birth to Hollywood film industry
Charlie Chaplin - the first international film superstar Pros 1889
Thomas Edison and W.K. Dickson invented Kinetoscope
First movie camera 1896
Edison showed his improved Vitascope projector
First commercially, successful, projector in the U.S.
1927 - Warner Brothers built the first sound studio
"The Jazz Singer"
first movie with sounds and conversation
Marked the start of the sound era 1930-1945 Classical Period 1946-1960 Post-war period Directors Pt.2 Film History New Hollywood James Cameron Robert Rodriguez Lena Dunham -Limitless Creativity -DSLR Revolution -One Man Film Crew Martin Scorcese David Lynch Highly influential.
Active during multiple periods of transition in cinematic history: B/W -> Color, Film -> Digital.
Originally strongly against digital, now refuses to make any future movies with film.
Acknowledges that celluloid films will always have a place, similar to forms of art like painting and sculpture.
In the end, the medium is only a means to an end. We use whatever tools necessary to tell a story Art house king, popularized surrealist film for the common man.
Started working with film in the late 70s, but has currently transitioned to digital completely.
DV has completely revolutionized his workflow, giving him untold precision and consistency.
No longer a need to worry about projection. The movie you make is the one your viewer sees.
The imperfections of film are nostalgic, but also take the viewer out of the story.
DV with hand-held devices allow Lynch to sketch out scenes on the fly, whenever the inspiration strikes him. Five major studios
Twentieth CenturFox 1933 - 10 movies each week
1938 - weekly theaters attendance 80 millions, 62% of US population
More action, horror, gangster, adventure
Technology patent owned by the studios in the US Steven Soderbergh First full digital movie made in 2002 (Full Frontal).
As artists, filmmakers should always be exploring and moving forward.
There will always be something new and better waiting on the horizon.
In this sense, the possibilities for cinema are infinite.
It is only a matter of time before our means of production and tech catch up with our imagination. 1939 "Gone With The Wind", highest earning film to that point Europe film industry ruined by war
Filmmakers moved to the US Decline of studio system
Competition from TV
Federal antitrust action that separated studios and theaters New trend
CinemaScope - wide-screen
dominated by science fiction, horror and fantasy films Used as escapism during the depression.
Portrayed woman in other roles
Cinema allows people to feel different emotions freely.
Every culture has stories to tell about the past, present and future.
Help us view the world through different eyes.
Gain new perspectives, inspiration and understanding. Cons Piracy
Hayes code (Production Code)
Violence in film
Culturally inaccurate (Argo, Zero Dark Thirty) Interesting Facts about film and society Cinema has become a powerful vehicle for culture, education leisure and propaganda
"the influence of film is greater than newspaper and books combined" Indian Prime Minister 1963.
India made 600 movies a year during the 1960's
The whole world has one thing in common "Movies"
An art, a language, a medium for education, inspiration and so much more.
Pictures still speak the universal language
Bechdel Test Canon 7D Other Camera Prices New Avenues into Film Industry -First feature film, 'Tiny Furniture', released in 2010. -HBO series 'Girls' aired in 2012.
- Film Educated and counter culture bred
-inclusion of Sex and Violence
- New Styles
-Shooting On Location
- Credited with mentoring great actors and directors
-Jack Nicholson, William Shatner, Robert De Niro
-Francis Ford Coppola, Martin Scorsese and James Cameron Late 60's - Early 80's -Independent filmmakers best friend -$1,300 for the body RED One- $4,000 ARRI Alexa- $60,000 (IMAX Film Camera- about $500,000) RED Epic- $20,000 Examining how directors dealt with the transition from film to digital. Some Notable Actors
Robert De Niro
Gene Wilder Some Notable Films
Bonnie And Clyde (1967)
The Graduate (1967)
Point Blank (1967)
2001: A Space Odyssey (1968)
Planet of the Apes (1968)
The Producers (1968)
Easy Rider (1969)
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969)
THX 1138 (1971)
A Clockwork Orange (1971)
Dirty Harry (1971)
Harold and Maude (1971)
The God Father (1972)
American Graffiti (1973)
Jesus Christ Superstar (1973
The exorcist (1973)
The Sting (1973)
The Godfather Part ll
Blazing saddles (1974)
Young Frankenstein (1974)
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975)
Dog Day Afternoon (1975)
Taxi Driver (1976)
Annie Hall (1977)
Saturday Night Fever (1977)
Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope (1977)
Apocalypse Now (1979)
The Shining (1980)
One From The Heart (1982) -Writer turned filmmaker -Possible because of easy to use, cheap camera's -Industry has become more available (similar to internet publishing) Motion Picture Rating System (1968) Every few years a change would be made -Arguably the biggest director today. Known for 'Titanic', 'The Terminator' and 'Avatar'. 1.To Encourage Artistic Expression by expanding creative freedom and
2. To assure that the freedom which encourages the artists remains responsible and sensititve to the standards of the the larger society. 1968
G All Audiences
M Mature Audiences
R Persons Under 16 not admitted w/o Adult
X Sex, Violence, crime and profanity No one under 16 Today
G: General Audiences
PG: Parental Guidance Suggested
PG-13: Parents Strongly Cautioned
Rated R: Restricted- Under 17 requires parent
Rated NC-17: No one 17 and Under Admitted -Evil, sin, crime, and wrong shall not be justified
-Religion Shall not be demeaned
-Detailed and protracted acts of brutality, cruelty, physical violence, torture and abuse shall not be presented Fusion Camera System The Graduate -2 cameras strapped together 1967 -Sets a stage, transports viewer into the world of the film -Seduction
-Defamation of religion -Digital Domain invented this 3D system -Avatar is the most technologically advanced film to date. Motion Capture -Image based > Marker Based -Captures emotion Creative Limits? -Realistic motion capture was last big hurdle -Nearing the point where creativity is not limited by technology -Make-up vs digital effects -Wrote Avatar in 1994, but deemed technology at the time inferior Block-busters Steven Spielberg's
Star Wars (1977) 70s 90s CGI Straight to Video The Blair Witch Project (1999) made in 8 days
Low Budget $400 M Internet-Film Marketing: Creative/Experimental Style -Sin City was made to look exactly like the graphic novel -Known for 'Sin City', 'Spy Kids'. -Complete filmmaker (director, screenwriter, producer, cinematographer, editor) One Man Crew -Likes to operate the camera, set up shots... Ease of Filming -Enjoys filming with video -Transparency in filming (playback, real time corrections) -Becomes more about the art as opposed to managing workflow -Confident filming -Cinematographer is not god anymore -Much easier with the video camera -Instantaneous output -Smaller Camera -No physical 'film' restrictions -Never could have been done with film