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Emily Cornelius

on 29 April 2010

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Transcript of Allusions

Prometheus and Io Narcissus The Golden Fleece Orpheus and Eurydice Daedalus and Icarus Cupid and Psyche Pygmalion and Galatea Daphne and Apollo Perseus Theseus Greek and Roman Mythological Allusions . . A beautiful, young man who refused the love of Echo, a mountain nymph. •The rejection angered Artemis who punished Narcissus by causing him to fall in love with his own beauty. •Narcissus eventually kills himself as a result of his self love. Created man out of mud. Tricked Zeus with sacrificial offerings. Io was one of Zeus’ numerous mistresses. At Hera’s jealousy, Zeus transformed Io into a beautiful white heifer. Hera took Io as her pet and put her under the watchful eyes of Argus. Hermes freed Io by killing Argus Prometheus and Io met at the Caucasus Mountain, where Prometheus pointed out future suffering but instilled hope for her predicament. Io would later reach the Nile and turn back into a human, where she would give birth to Epaphus, an ancestor of Hercules. Hercules becomes responsible for rescuing Prometheus years later. Hermes sends a flying, golden ram to save Phrixus and Helle the children of Athamas and his first wife. Jason returns to reclaim the throne of his father, Phrixus’ uncle, from Pelias. He is challenged to retrieve the Golden Fleece in order to claim the throne. Jason assembles the Argonauts and travels through many obstacles in pursuit of the fleece. Jason and the Argonauts finally arrive at Colchis to obtain the fleece, but Aetes puts them up to two more challenges. MEdea, his daughter, falls in love with Jason, and intervenes on his behalf. They are successful and return to Greece, where they find that Jason’s father has been killed. All seek revenge and kill Pelias and bring Jason’s father back to life. Orpheus is the greatest mortal musician and Eurydice (a wood nymph) is his wife. They were deeply in love. A viper bit Eurydice and she immediately died, and went to the underworld. Orpheus pursued her and persuaded Hades to release Eurydice. Hades agreed on one condition…Orpheus must not look back in search of Eurydice on their journey back to earth. Orpheus looked back too soon and Eurydice went spiraling down back to the underworld, never to be seen again. Angry followers of Dionysus tore Orpheus to pieces resulting in his death. Daedalus, the father of Icarus, helped Theseus escape Minos’ palace. This angered Minos so he imprisoned Daedalus and Icarus. Daedalus discovered a means of escape through two pairs of wings of a wooden frame and feathers glued with wax. Icarus flew too close to the sun when intoxicated with his new gift of flight. His wings melted and he plunged into the sea and drowned. Pygmalion despised all women except for his idealized woman, whom he made out of marble. He was in love with his marble statue, and he longed for its love. He went to a festival to honor Venus, where he prayed that she would give the statue life. In return, Venus gave the statue life, and it became known as Galatea. Daphne was Apollo’s first love. (Apollo was a god of many functions.) Hera had sent the python to pursue Apollo’s mother during her pregnancy. 4 days after Apollo was born, he killed the python with a bow and arrow. Apollo angered his father Zeus twice. The first time, he was trying to dethrone Zeus. So, Zeus sent him to King Laomedon’s kingdom. But he was never paid for his duties. The second time, Zeus killed Apollo’s son for resurrecting a dead man. For revenge, Apollo killed the Cyclops. Apollo was then send to King Admetus where he performed great services and became known and the undisputed master musician. Because of that, he was successful with many nymphs and women. In his attempts as a womanizer, he failed to get Daphne because she was changed into a laurel tree by Mother Earth before he could ravish her. To console himself, he made a laurel wreath from her. When the Trojan princess Cassandra rejects him, he gives her the wreath and turns it into a curse so that no one would believe her prophecies. After seeking a prophecy King Acrisius learned that he would be killed by his grandson, to prevent this he locked his daughter Danae in an underground chamber to keep her from ever becoming pregnant. Zeus meets Danae in her chamber and nine months later Danae gives birth to Perseus, which angers Acrisius forcing him to throw Danae and newborn Perseus into the ocean in a box.

Acrisius avoids blame by claiming that if they die then Poseidon must have taken them. A fisherman rescues them from the ocean and gives them a home. Perseus is at a party for King Polydectes, and doesn’t have a gift to bestow upon him. So he promises to bring the head of Medusa back to him as a gift. •With assistance, he was able to find and kill Medusa. He was given a shield, flying sandals, a magic wallet, a helmet of invisibility, and a sharp sickle to sever Medusa’s head. When he returns to King Polydectes, he is greeted by insults, provoking him to pull out Medusa’s head and turn the King to stone. Perseus goes on to kill King Acrisius with a discus, which fulfills the oracle. Theseus is the son of Aethra and either Aegeus or Poseidon. Aegeus claims Theseus can return to Athens to claim his birthright once he is strong enough to retrieve the sandals and sword that are hidden under a rock. Theseus returns to Athens where Medea, Aegeus’ wife, tries to kill him. Fortunately, Aegeus steps in and saves him. Theseus elects to join the seven youths in order to defeat the Minotaur and rescue Athens. He is successful and returns to Athens where he establishes a democracy. He then brings Queen Hippolyta back as his wife. He acquires a friend, Pirithous, and they decide to kidnap Zeus’s child, Helen, and then capture the goddess Persephone. Hades tricks them by making them sit in the Chair of Oblivion, causing them to lose their memory. Years later, Hercules rescued Theseus, and he returned to earth. Theseus has his son killed by Poseidon after he is accused of raping Theseus’s wife, Phaedra. Helle dies, and Phrixus safely arrives at Colchis where he sacrifices the ram to Zeus and gives the Golden Fleece to Aetes, the king of Colchis. Zeus tied Prometheus to a cliff where an eagle devoured his liver daily. Each night, however, his liver would grow back. Io would later reach the Nile and turn back into a human, where she would give birth to Epaphus, an ancestor of Hercules. Hercules becomes responsible for rescuing Prometheus years later. Where his blood fell, a narcissus flower developed. Venus, the goddess of love and beauty, was jealous of the mortal princess Psyche. She sent her mischievous son Cupid to cast a spell on her so that she would fall in love with an ugly human. Cupid accidently pricks himself and falls in love with Psyche, so he reverses the spell. Psyche and Cupid are married but Psyche cannot see Cupid’s face. She disobeys and is sent back to earth. They are both devastated. Psyche searches for Cupid. When she finds him, Venus orders her to complete several tasks for her. She completes them with the help of Cupid and the gods, but on the the final task (a box filled with Proserpine's beauty), Psyche disobeys and looks inside. She immediately falls back down to earth. Cupid chases her, and despite her troubling curiosity, he marries Psyche again because their love is so deep. Allusion: What a Girl Wants The main character goes by the name of Daphne. Daphne's Temple is also seen in the background of the film, and Daphne's father's garden is filled with trees alluding to Daphne and Apollo. Allusion: Frankenstein Frankenstein is known as the "Modern Prometheus". Like Victor Frankenstein creates a new being, Prometheus created man. Allusion:Night at the Museum Much like Pygmalion's beloved statue Galatea is brought to life, the statues in the museum are brought to life in this film for the pleasure of the night guard. Allusion:"The Devil Went Down to Georgia" A bargain is made with the devil (Hades) in both the myth and song. Allusion: A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man The main character, Stephe Dedalus, ponders the story of Daedalus and wonders if he can be given a new soul (wings) to fly above the miseries in his life. Allusion: A Midsummer Night's Dream Theseus' marriage to Hippolyta is alluded to throughout the play by William Shakespeare. Allusion:Confessions of a Shopaholic Both Narcissus and Rebecca Bloomwood are in love with themselves and their appearances. They are ignorant to the world around them. Allusion:Clash of the Titans Clash of the Titans continually alludes to the journey and quest of Perseus. Allusion: Hitch Hitch plays "Cupid", or the match maker, in this comical film. Hitch is responsible for making Albert get the girl of his dreams to fall in love with him. Hitch also falls in love with a beautiful woman, much like Cupid. Allusion:National Treasure Jason searches for the Golden Fleece to save his father, and Ben Gates searches for a treasure to save his family's name.
Weigel, James. Cliff Notes on Mythology. Lincoln, NE:Cliffs Notes,Inc.,1973. Print Works Cited: Hamilton, Edith. Mytholgy:Timeless Tales of Gods and Heros. New York, NY: New American Library,1942. Print Tatter, John D. "Location, Location, Location: The Apollo-Daphne Myth in What a Girl Wants." January 2004.Birmingham-Southern College. Web. 28 April 2010. Lorcher, Trent."Allusions in Frankenstein." 7 March 2010 Bright Hub, Inc. 28 April 2010.
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