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Renaissance Art

AP Euro

Kristin Palomares

on 29 September 2011

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Transcript of Renaissance Art

Hallmarks of Renaissance Art
The Birth of Venus
Sandro Botticelli
Patron: Medici Family
Venus born from the sea foam
Blown by the west wind, Zephyr, and the nymph, Chloris
Horai prepares to dress Venus with a flowered mantle
Painted on canvas using a technique of thin tempera
Theme relates to Homer and Ovid's Metamophoses
Sandro Botticelli
La Primavera
Symbolic and allegorical Subject
Patrons: Medici
Zephyr chases the nymph Chloris who turns into the goddess Flora at night
Venus is underneath a blindfolded Cupid in flight
The three graces and Mercury
Zypher: god of the west wind
Flora: goddess of flowers and the season of spring
Godess of love, beauty, and fertility
Goddesses of such things as charm, beauty, and creativity
Messenger and god of trade
Preventing storm clouds from moving in
Leonardo da Vinci
Mona Lisa
Half-length portrait
Lisa del Giocondo
- Florintine
- comissioned by her merchant husband
Image references a seated Madonna
Folded hands depict her as a virtuous woman and faithful wife
It was common at this time for genteel women to pluck eyebrow hair
Recent research suggests that the image originally had eyebrows and eyelashes but faded with time
Middle Ages or Renaissance?
Represents the biblical hero David (a popular subject in Florintine art)
Comissioned as one of a series of statues of prophets to be stationed at the Florence Cathedral
Became a symbol of defense of civil liberities after being placed outside the government center in Florence
Eyes, with a warning glare, turned towards Rome during city-state fighting
Face looks tense and ready for combat
He carries a sling
Pose is unique
Before battle
Omitted giant
Majority of weight is on his back leg
Consistent with the Renaissance practice of depicting its subjects in recoiled, calm positions, just prior to action
Feature of antique sculpture
When a figure stands with most of its weight on one foot so that its shoulders and arms twist off-axis from the hips and legs
School of Athens
Commissioned by the Vatican
High Renaissance
Central Vanishing Point
Both carry modern copies of their books
Positioned ahead
Roman Architecture
20 min
Using two different colors, highlight anything that references Middle Ages and Renaissance Art
Van Eyck
The Arnolfini Portrait
Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and his wife in their home in the city of Bruges
Early Summer
Location also functioned as a reception room
Purple but has faded with time
Material of clothes are expensive; silk, fur, lined
Brass chanelier is large and expensive by contemporary standards
Noted in bed dressings, fruit, chandelier, oriental carpet, etc.
Figure wearing red is the artist
Symbol of loyalty/royalty
Placement near bed suggests gender roles of women at the time as caretakers
She is not pregnant; just the fashion of the time
Cherries symbolize love while oranges note purity and innocence
unworn; suggests respect for the ceremony and holy ground
Often a gift husbands presented brides with
Green is a symbol of hope and/or wealth
Oil Paint
The mirror has scenes of The Passion painted on it
artist signed his name
Duomo of Florence
Invented Linear Perspective
2 min
Full transcript