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Alibaba and 40 thieves.

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Elakkiyan Elango

on 20 February 2014

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Transcript of Alibaba and 40 thieves.

"I propose that whoever undertakes this business without success, even though the failure arises from an error judgment shall suffer death."
"I submit to this condition, and deem it an honor to expose my life to serve the troop.

-Heartless evil leader, who willing to sacrifice his own men in order to succeed in his evil plans.
-It is also archetypal that the men are always ready to put their own lives in danger in order to fulfill their master/captain's orders.

"Somebody intends my master no good; however with whatever intentions it may be done, it is advisable to guard against the worst."
When Marjenah saw him depart she went to bed satisfied and pleased to have succeeded so well in saving her master and his family.

-Marjenah is like a noble sidekick to the hero. She is clever and sharp at what she does and makes her best efforts to save the life of her master and his family.
Social Theory
Alibaba, who is a poor man decides to marry a person of the same class. But on the other hand, his older brother Kasim, decides to marry one of who has riches and became rich that way. Kasim neglected Alibaba because of his social status after his father had died because Alibaba works for money, while Kasim just had inherited riches from his wife. Kasim, who is envious that his wife found out that he suddenly became rich seeks out to find out how he became rich. Kasim soon finds out how he got rich and wants to take from the thieves to become richer than Alibaba.

Since Kasim is older than Alibaba, the stereotype of the older sibling is to be more successful and be even more rich. Envious of Alibaba, he then wants to know the secrets so he can gather the riches and be richer than Alibaba.

The thieves seem to be part of a lower class because they steal and take from the higher class and hide it in their cave. They keep their cave as a secret because they are scared that people will steal from them because they cannot make a living since they seem to have no skills besides pickpocketing and stealing.
Gender Theories
When Kasim didnt return home, His wife felt very uneasy
which stereotypically resembles how the lady react to a sad, depressing situation as women are usually classified as soft characters and tend to worry more than men.
'Marjaneh, remembering ‘Alibaba’s orders'
, A clear Gender theory states how women follow rules made by men and live into it.
‘Alibaba went boldly into the cave, and collected as much of the gold coin, which was in bags, as his three asses could carry. '
the quote shown above gives an idea of how men are considered bold and how they tend to make (in this case bring) money and other valuables to support their family. There's also a symbolic archetype of 3 mentioned in the quote.
This Story is has many elements which are stereotypical in many stories, it also has some unique twists such as a female character take up treacherous tasks. It has a lot of archetypal theories in the content, which was the most common lense we used to assess the story.


Alibaba and Kasim are sons of a merchant. After the death of their father, greedy Kasim married a wealthy girl to enjoy a rich lifestyle. Meanwhile, Alibaba married a poor girl who fits his standards. One day when Alibaba was cutting wood in the forest, he saw 40 strong men on horses, with bags filled with stuff which had seemed heavy going towards a cave. The leader of the group mumbles, "Open simsim," and the gate of the cave opened. After a while they came out mumbling the words, "Shut simsim," Alibaba waited till they had left and wondered if those words would work for him too. He then walked up to the cave and said "Open simsim," and was shocked seeing the cave open. He was expecting a dark, haunted cave but instead the cave consisted gold, diamonds and valuable items. He filled his bags with gold, loaded them in his asses(donkeys) and hurried back into town. He asked his wife to keep it a secret which unfortunately Kasim soon come to know about. He annoyed Alibaba about it and had came to know about the magical cave, The next morning, Kasim then rushes to the cave and was happy seeing all the valuable things. In the pleasure of joy he forgot the magic words for the way to get out. He couldn't recall the words which lead to him being stuck inside the cave until, the thieves came to drop off another load of their theft. He got caught and then was killed. The thieves then put his cut up body in separate parts of the cave. AliBaba was curious where Kassim was since he hasn't seen him in a while. Curious, he went to the cave and found a pool of blood at the door. He then had found his body parts in 4 parts of the cave. After finding his brother, he took some gold and his body and left. The captain of the thieves soon came to the cave and found the body was missing and wanted to hunt down the person whom had known the secret. But, when the captain of the thieves found out who did it, he disguised himself as a merchant that came to sell goods in the city so he could visit Alibaba and try to kill him. Marjenah, his faithful servant, saved Alibaba each time the thieves tried to harm Alibaba.
Some visuals from the story.
Marjenah, the sons wife took care of the thieves that tried to kill Ali Baba since she knew their secret, which is quite different from what usually happens as men are the ones that undertake dangerous tasks in order to protect the female character in a story, but in this story the reverse happens and a female is the one that undertakes all the difficult tasks in the story, and saves the life of Ali Baba and his family. But this follows the social society how the young take care of the elders.

Ali Baba gave Baba Mustafa a task. Since Ali Baba is no longer in the working force after 'inheriting' his riches, he asks someone with a unique profession to sew back his brother together. He is paying someone in the working class so then he can get something that he wants done. This also applies for the slave that he had bought.

The slave in the story is in the lowest class because she is not making any money for what she is doing but, she gets her basic needs met from working for Ali Baba and his family.
Alibaba and 40 Thieves
By: Neel Rai,
Elakkiyan Elango, and Alain Chan
Khoja Hoseyn, who strove to cultivate his friendship more particularly. Two or three days after he was settled, ‘Ali Baba came to see his son, and the captain of the robbers recognized him at once, and soon learned from his son who he was. After this he increased his assiduity, caressed him in the most engaging manner, made him some small presents, and often asked him to dine and sup with him.

-It is very stereotypical in many stories that the villain or the evil power somehow tries to use/ harm the people close/loved by the hero of the story. The same happens here, the captain tried to oblige Alibaba's son in order to harm Alibaba.
Elango, Elakkiyan. "Stereotypes of Men and Women." - Planned Parenthood. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Feb. 2014. <http://www.plannedparenthood.org/health.../gender-gender-identity-26530.ht...%E2%80%8E>.
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