by. Ms. Rogala 2 - Point Perspective Perspective To create Linear Perspective you need to know how to show the following:

Vanishing Point

The single point on the horizon where all the lines on the ground level seem to come together

Horizon Line

The place where the land and the sky meet.

Orthogonal Lines

Lines that connect to the vanishing point Perspective Many artists have used a variety of different techniques to show depth. However it was not until the Renaissance that artists developed a system to show depth logically and consistently.

What system did Renaissance artists create? Perspective During the Renaissance artists became interested in making two-dimensional artwork look three-dimensional.

Three-dimensional – having or appearing to have, height, width, and depth.

Renaissance- (1450-1600): The Renaissance began in Italy and spread through Northern Europe. Art, Science, and Literature grew during this time. Perspective

When did three-dimensional work start? Two-Point Perspective Drawing Notice the SHADING…… Notice the SHADING…… Notice the SHADING…… Continue drawing five buildings as practice. Perspective In two-point perspective the front edge of the form is

seen as the closest point. Perspective Lines leading to the vanishing points are called

orthogonals. Perspective Is this a one-point or two-point perspective?

Can you find the vanishing points in this picture? Perspective Can you locate the vanishing point? Perspective The red line is the Horizon Line. Perspective Is this a one-point or two-point perspective?

Can you locate the Horizon Line?

How did you determine this?

Can you find the vanishing point in this picture? Perspective Linear Perspective:

Linear perspective allows artists to trick the eye into seeing depth on a flat surface.

Based on the way the human eye sees the world.

Objects that are closer appear larger, more distant objects appear smaller. Perspective Artists used mathematics and close observation to invent a system called linear perspective.

So what is linear perspective? Perspective Notice the SHADING Make sure the end of the ruler (or side of the triangle) flush

with the edge of the paper. If lines are not exactly vertical your

drawing will be crooked. Perspective NOTE: You will discover that vanishing points do not have to be on your paper. They can go off the paper. Objects seen at an angle would be drawn with two-point

perspective using two vanishing points. Artwork with

two-point perspective often has vanishing points "off the page". Perspective Kaufmann Haggadah. Spain, late 14th C. Many of the earlier works artists created showed little depth.

Does this picture reflect depth? Why or why not?

How could this picture be changed to increase its’ depth? Raphael, School of Athens,

One-point linear perspective Art:

Michelangelo

Leonardo da Vinci

Raphael

Science

Galileo

Literature

Shakespeare Perspective

Influential People during the Renaissance Which is a 1 pt. perspective & 2 pt. perspective? One-point perspective –

A form of linear perspective in which all lines appear to meet at a single point on the horizon.

Two-point perspective –

A form of linear perspective in which all lines appear to meet at either of two points on the horizon. Perspective Draw two vertical lines (in blue) between the orthogonals (in red)where

you want the back edges of your form (building) to appear. Perspective Next add vertical lines connecting all points.

These are orthogonals. Draw lightly so you can erase! Perspective Draw two vanishing points on the horizon line near the page edges. Perspective Draw a horizon line. Let’s draw a building together.

Using your sketch book, a ruler and a pencil.

Draw a horizon line towards the top of your paper. Perspective Now draw your 2nd building… Perspective Erase the extra orthogonals. Now you have a form (building) drawn in two-point perspective! Front edge of building Perspective 2 inches below the horizon line 3 inches above the horizon line Now draw a vertical line this is your front edge of your first building. Draw 2” up and 3” down from the horizon line. Perspective & the where the sun in shining. Exit Pass:

3 things you found out

2 things you learned

1 question you have Warm-up: You Need:

Sketchbook, pencil & ruler (In your sketchbook)

1) Draw a simple one point perspective

2) Name the main features of the one point perspective Agenda:

1) Warm-up

2) 2 point perspective

3) Exit pass You can erase the horizon line inside your building. Notice the inset -- how do you do that? (Shows the illusion as if you can walk between the buildings)

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# 8th G - 2 point perspective

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