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BE Class timeline 1
Transcript of BE Class timeline 1
The polygraph was invented in 1921 by a man named John Larson. They are used as tools for both hiring people for new jobs or for interrogating criminals or suspects. Many police departments like NYPD uses polygraph machines along with the CIA and the FBI. 1927: Iron Lung Invented This is the first modern and practical respirator. Invented by Phillip Drinker. The "iron lung" is almost the length of a subcompact car. It uses a push and pull method on the chest. Drinker used an iron box and two vacuum cleaners to build the prototype. 1969: Neil Armstrong Lands on Moon On his last space flight as mission commander, Neil Armstrong and fellow astronaut Buzz Adrian landed on the moon and explored it for 3 hours. 1996: Scottish Scientists clone Dolly the Sheep 1911: The first industrial air conditioner is invented
Advances in chemistry in the 19th century allowed the first air conditioner to be built. Residential air conditioners were installed in the 1920's. The first cells were discovered by Robert Hooke in 1665. He discovered them while looking at a slide of cork 1900: ABO Blood Type Discovered Discovered by Karl Landsteiner while trying to determine why blood transfusions sometimes cause death or save the patient. There are four principal types: A, B, AB, and O. Two antigens and two antibodies determine what ABO blood type you are. 2008: Lisa Blackburn Moves to S.C. On October 8th, 2008 I moved to Mount Pleasant, S.C. I originally lived in a small town in I.N. called Brazil. I have lived there most of my life and i greatly miss the countryside of where i used to live. 1000A.D Aztecs Start the Idea of Aquaponics Aztecs grew gardens on top of lakes. Eventually the roots would grow though the rafts and water themselves. this started the idea. actual research on aquaponics began in the 1970's First mammal to be clone was a sheep know as Dolly the sheep. It was cloned from an adult somatic cell using the process of nuclear transfer 1872: EKG Machine Invented Alexander Muirhead created the first EKG machine. Over the years, however; many people would build off Muirhead's orginal design. An EKG is used to diagnose abnormal rhythms of the heart. 1980s: Alternative Energy People start looking for alternative sources of energy that are renewable like wind, sunlight, and water. 1985: x-rays discovered Discovered by Wilhelm Rontegan. He was a German physist 1928: Penicillin
Alexander Fleming first discovered penicillin. This began the modern era of antibiotics. Deriving from the fungus Pinicillium, it was used widely during WWII to fight against bacterial infection and drastically lowered infection mortality rates. Now it is not as effective because many bacteria have developed a resistance to it. 1796: Smallpox Vaccine
Edward Jenner developed the first ever vaccine in the history of medicine. The virus had been known for thousands of years and treatment prior to the vaccine had been inoculation. This was where a healthy person would inhale a scab of an infected person and try to develope and immunity to it. This lowered mortality rates from 30% to 3.5%. Now, the virus is very uncommon and had been targeted by various groups to make the virus extinct. 1866: Founding of Genetics
Gregor Mendel was an Austrian friar who studied pea plants and laid the foundation for modern gentics. He cultivated and bred over 29,000 pea plants during his studies and finally published his findings in 1866. His work was widely accepted, but it became famous in the years following his death. He showed how plants have unique characteristics and pass them down through selective pollination. This began what today we know as genetics. 1958: NASA
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration was eastablished on July 28th, 1958 by the power of congress. This was as crucial program during the cold war and the Space Race. The Soviet Union had started there space program before the United States and so it was up to the US to catch up and prove their dominance in a new frontier. 1953: DNA Structure
James Watson and Francis Crick were the co-discoverers of the structure of DNA. They were the first to propose the "Double-Helix" or "spiral" shape of the DNA molecule. They figured out the structure by making a physical model of all the paired nucleotides. 1969: First Heart Stent is Invented The heart stent was invented by Charles Dotter to physically open blocked vessels to allow blood flow and oxygen to reach an organ. Circa 1694: Pollination
Rudolf Jakob Camerarius was the first person to inquire that plants have sexual organs. He experimented with multiple plants and found that the pollen from a male plant was need to produce fruit on a female flower. This laid the foundation for modern plant breeding. 1858: Theory of Evolution Charles Darwin was the first to formulate the theory of evolution by means of natural selection, organisms that have the better genetics survive. He believed animals evolved to survive in the changing environment. 1996: Genetically Enhanced Plants and Animals 2008: Islamorada This idea arose that if you add new material into an organism's genome, the organism can become better. For example there are genetically enhanced animals that are used for commercial use such as the "glow fish." Corn can be know to be genetically enhanced to be pest resistant. Mattson Wiksell and his family went on vacation to the Florida Keys. He would probably say that it was an awesome time in his life and that it was definitely a 'One-of-a-Kind' place. He might even say that he wants to go back again and visit another island. Used to see objects that are too small to see with our naked eye. It was discovered by Galileo Galilei in 1625. Microscope
Bacteria- In 1674, Antony Van Leeuwenhoek discovered bacteria under a microscope. He is believed to be the maker of over 500 microscopes.
Virus- It was discovered in 1892 by Dimi8tri Iwanowsk, a Russian botanist, when he was studying about the mosaic tobacco disease. Virus vs. Bacteria 3000BC- Hieroglyphics records show the use of yeast to raise bread in ancient egypt as long as 5000 years ago. Egyptians use of Yeast in bread Dr. Willem Kolf, a dutch physician, constructed the first working dialyzer in 1943 during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands.
It is a process of removing wastes and excess water form the blood in different ways. Kidney dialysis In 1923, Hermann Joseph Muller
discovered that x-rays can cause mutations. X-rays and Mutations. 1957: Spudnik
Spudnik was the first artificial satellite. Launched into orbit by the Soviet Union on October 4, 1957. The launch of the Spudnik triggered the Space Race. The Spudnik orbited the Earth at 29,000 kmhr Fluid Power:
Fluid power is the use of fluids to generate power. Water has been used for centuries to power water mills and other early advances in power. In todays world fluid power is used in places such as dams to generate hydroelectric power. 1961: Space Travel
Space travel began when Yuri Gagarin was the first human to enter space on April 12,1961. The United States was the first country to put a man on the moon. Presently the US, China, and Russia have plans for manned missions to mars. 2008: Genetically Engineered Tobacco
Researchers at Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia did a study in 2008 of an experiment they created to modify tobacco through genetics. Tobacco is an abundant biomass all over the world. The researchers wanted to see if they could increase the oil accumulation in the leaves of a tobacco leaf. Tobacco is more effiecent in oil accumulation compared to most other crops. Biofuel is extracted from the stems and leaves. 2011: Yellowstone
Chris Dukes and his family went out west to visit Yellowstone National Park for 2 weeks. Chris loved the weather and scenery, but most importantly the fishing. While out there he caught Brook Trout, Rainbow Trout, and Cutthroat Trout. He wants to live there. 2003: Optical Camo
Optical camo was invented in 2003 by Tachi, Inami. Optical camo is when you use a projection on the front of you to imitate the objects behind you . This allows you to blend in. 1986: Mir Space Station
The Mir space station was launched by the Soviets in 1986 and was used until 2001 1990: First successful gene therapy
The first gene therapy was performed on a 4 year old girl. The procedure took 28 minutes. 1954: Electrophoresis discovered
Electrophoresis was discovered in 1954 by Oliver Smithies. He discovered it while attempting to isolate a compound in insulin. 1665 1980: First gene synthesizing machine invented
The first gene synthesizing machine was invented in 1980 2012: Wando Lacrosse wins state 1645 1650 1670 1680 1685 1690 1695 1655 1660 1705 1710 1715 1720 1725 1735 1740 1750 1755 1745 1765 1770 1775 1780 1785 1795 1800 1805 1815 1820 1825 1830 1835 1840 1845 1850 1855 1860 1865 1870 1875 1880 1885 1890 1895 1900 1905 1910 1915 1920 1925 1930 1935 1940 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2010 Human insulin was first tested on humans 1973:Human Insulin 1977: First MRI In1977, the first MRI was used on a human, it took 5 hours to produce one image 1984: DNA Fingerprinting Alec Jeffrys invented DNA fingerprinting while looking at him and his family's fingerprints 2012: Jhalen Attends nike basketball camp In 2012, Jhalen Attended the Nike basketball Skills Academy 2005 1970's: Gene Splicing In 1970's was thought of in the late 1970's