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German Expressionism and the Weimar Republic in the 1920s

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Ho Yan Wong

on 3 February 2013

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Transcript of German Expressionism and the Weimar Republic in the 1920s

and the Weimar Republic German Expressionism Political Condition of Germany in the 1920s Favorable factors to boost German film industry Today's agenda 1918- defeated in the First World War
1919- Weimar Republic

- Signed Treaty of Versailles
- Forced to accept the War Guilt Clause and
ceded the territories
- Forbidden to rearm Economic Condition of Germany in the 1920s - The First World War had pushed Germany deep into debt. 1916- isolation carried out by the government
most foreign films were banned 1. Historical Background of Germany in the 1920s in the 1920s - Political condition
- Economic condition
- Favorable factors to boost German film industry 2. Movie Clip watching and analyzing - The Cabinet of Dr.Caligari 3. Expressionism 4. The end of Expressionism - What is expressionism?
- Characteristics
- Movie clip watching- Nosferatu
- Relations with the society 5. Discussion Time 朱國麟 By 1923,
Great resentments of German towards the weak Weimar Republic and the Treaty of Versailles - Pay for all wartime damage to the victorious powers. - Hyperinflation - Domestic shortages - Food and consumer goods became scarce and outrageous costly - Serious unemployment little competition in the film domestic market inflation export import international advantage German film hyperinflation- $ lost its value Why do i need to save money? Go for movie!!! Movie Clip Watching The cabinet of Dr. Caligari 1920 German silent horror film one of the most influential German Expressionist films one of the greatest horror movies of the silent era About The cabinet of Dr. Caligari Pioneer!! What is expressionism? novelty captured
the public imagination

Considerable success!!! The cabinet of Dr. Caligari's - Reacted against realism - favored extreme distortion express an inner emotional reality
rather than surface appearance Developed during 1908-1924, First appeared in painting largely aesthetic concerns Expressionist theatre topical social issues and political ideologies Characteristics of Expressionism
in German Cinema 1. Use of Chiaroscuro Moving lights, Low key lighting
2. Minimal editing Pictorial aspects of the shot and
on composition within the shot;
Dream sequences. 3. Acting style Slow, restrained and with dramatic,
strange gestures
Exaggerated make up and costumes
4. Time and location Set in the past in exotic locales 5. Pace Slow pace compared to Hollywood films 6. Use of trick photography Superimpositions;
Illustrate the supernatural;
Subjective Camera (POV) 7. Flashback Complex use of flashback, breaking up the linearity of the narrative. Characteristics of Expressionism Relations with the society Loss of status, humanity and dignity In the film, you can see... - Stylized sets

- Strange and distorted buildings pained on canvas backdrops

- Flats in a theatrical manner

- No realistic movement but jerky or dancelike movements Expressionist used: - Large shapes of bright
- Unrealistic colors with dark
- Cartoonlike outlines
- Elongated figures
- Strange faces Monsters Renewed and
liberated human nature alienation insanity and nihilism Rejection of
bourgeois culture Domination of tyrants Personal emotional response The End of German Expressionism Cinema - Restrictions placed on the autonomy of the
film-makers in Germany - Restructuring and monopoly
of Universum Film AG - Emigration of
important German
film-makers to Discussion Time Nosferatu (1922) The Man Who Laughs 1928 Metropolis 1927 Nosferatu (1922) Metropolis 1927 The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920) Von morgens bis Mitternacht 1922 Protest in Berlin (1923)
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