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Child Abuse

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Saicha Grant-Allen

on 15 January 2013

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Transcript of Child Abuse

Saicha Grant-Allen CHILD ABUSE VICTIMS Who are the victims? Ethnicity Child Maltreatment 2009-2010: 44.0 % - White 22.3% - Black 20.7% - Hispanic 1.1% - Natives and American Natives 0.9% - Asian Genders 47.3% of child victims were boys 50.7% of child victims were girls Research by NCANDS 2005: Definition of Perpetrators A person who has been determined to have caused or knowingly allowed the maltreatment of a child. ? Definition of Child Abuse Strangers or Neighbors Mother Father The Perpetrators 79.4% Parents 6.8% Other Relatives 3.8% Unmarried partner of the child's parent 4.1% Other Perpetrators 3.6% Missing or Unknown Under 1% Neighbors, Friends, Foster Parents etc. Mother Father 40% 18.3% Both 17.3% CHILD ABUSE Child Abuse 4 Forms: Physical Abuse Emotional Abuse Sexual Abuse Neglect Main Forms Definition of Child Physical Abuse Single or repeated non-accidental/inflicted harm or force against a child causing the victim to become injured or at risk of being injured. 33.4% 1-3 yrs old 23.3% 4-7 yrs old 18.8% 8-11 yrs old 17.8% 12-15 yrs old 6.3% 16-17 yrs old 7.5% Unknown 3.2% Multiple 0.2 % Pacific Islanders Age Groups Lists of Child Physical Abuse: Beating Kicking Punching Burning Pushing Biting Choking Shaking TARGETS Psychological Behavior Emotional Learning Disabilities Handicap Aggression Irritating Behaviors Tantrums Dependency Premature Birth Chronic Illness Withdrawal Passive Resemblance Communication Definition of Emotional Abuse Recurring behavior of the abuser that attacks and hinder the emotional development of a child. TARGETS Indicators/Effects Indicators/Effects of Emotional Abuse Self-doubt Poor self-esteem Destructive behavior Acts of anger Withdrawal Poor development of basic skills "You guys are pathetic "! Types of Emotional Abuse 1. Rejecting - 2. Isolating - 3. Exploiting/Corrupting - 4. Verbally assaulting - 5. Ignoring - 6. Terrorizing - refusal to respond to child's needs. parent/caregiver prevents child from having normal social when a child is taught to act inappropriately by their parent/caregiver. interactions with others. verbally abusing a child through threats as well as bilittling and humiliating the victim. (Psychological and Physical): The disregard of a parent/caregiver of giving attention to their child. when the parent/caregiver creates a sense of fear within the child. 6 types Alcohol and drug abuse An act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm. (CAPTA) Vulnerability mental retardation emotional disturbances visual impairment learning disabilities physical disabilities What makes children more vulnerable? Parental Risk Factors Weak parenting skills Mental Health Issues Early arrival to Parenthood Limited/lack of education Anger Management Issues Past experiences of Child Abuse and Neglect Indicators/Effects Unexplained injuries/marks Repeated injury Long apparel Fear of adults Death Abusive Relationships Re-victimization Refusal to participate in activities Passive Behaviour Definition of Child Sexual Abuse The penetration of a child's private area by an adult, and/or its deviations. Child Sexual Abuse Sexual intercourse More about - the penetration of a child's private area by an adult. Non-touching - exposure the pornography, and the intentional exposure to acts of sexual intercourse and masturbation. Sexual Touching - forcing the child to touch the genitals of the adult. Exploitation - forcing a child into prostitution, modeling for photographs of Pornography. TARGETS 1 out of 5 girls is a victim of sexual abuse 1 out of 20 boys is a victim of sexual abuse Children between the ages of 7-13 are the most vulnerable. Indicators/Effects Destroyed Childhood Effects: Identity Confusion Severe emotional problems Indicators: Depression Anti-social behavior Severe emotional problems Feelings of guilt Loss of self-esteem Sexually transmitted diseases Child Neglect Definition of The failure of a financially capable parent/caregiver to provide their child with the appropriate care necessary the child's future and well-being. Types of Neglect Physical Neglect - Educational Neglect - Emotional Neglect - Medical Neglect - 4 Types of Neglect Failure of the parent/caregiver to provide the child with the basic essentials. Failure of parent/caregiver to register the child of obli- gatory age in school, home schooling or special education. Engaging child in spousal abuse, allowing the abuse of drugs and alcohol, refusing to provide necessary mental care and refrain from showing affection. Failure of parent/caregiver to provide the child with proper health care. TARGETS Maturity or Immaturity for age Bed wetting Dependent Children - Months old - approx. 7 yrs Mental and/or Physical disabilities Poor Communication skills inability to report the case of neglect - Age and Disabilities Indicators/Effects of Child Neglect Death Poor Hygiene Preventable Diseases Poor Psychological Development Loss of strength - Disabilities of Physical Abuse Stealing or begging Inappropriate attire "You're stupid" "You're useless"! "Cry baby"! "Disgusting" "Loser"! "Ugly"! WHO? What can we do? Educate self about Child Abuse Be cautious of your actions towards children Report all cases of abuse Abuser - seek assistance from professionals WHAT will you do to help stop Child Abuse? The End All children are quite vulnerable for this abuse Females - "Women wear their emotions on their sleeves" DISCIPLINE
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