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Elderly

sowk1002
by

Joanna Wan

on 20 November 2012

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Transcript of Elderly

Elderly in Poverty Elderly Values ELDERLY
IN POVERTY Definition of
Elderly in poverty : Discussion Q1: What is your definition
of poor elderly? Characteristics of
POOR ELDERLY Problems Needs Problem 1 Problem 2 Problem 3 Problem 4 Need 1 Need 2 Need 3 Need 4 Luk Hei Ting, Law Ying Lam, Yip Wing Yan, Chan Lik,
Wong Ying Nga, Kan Wing Yee, Cheung Fung Kiu, Chan Wai Yi,
Lam Tsz Ki, Wong Hiu Tung, Cheuk Mei Lan, Chan Chun Wah, Wan Ning Financial difficulties *OAA
*inconsistent financial support from sons and daughters 1)Rapid growth
in poor elderly population 2)Misconception: HKCSS - Poverty line: Half of the median monthly domestic household income of the corresponding household size.( same as the CSSA) IS THIS DEFINITION ABLE TO
COVER ALL THE ELDERLY IN ‘POVERTY’? 1. Financial aspect: -Poor
-Get different needs
but have no means to satisfy
-Applying CSSA - live in crowded and old flats -some districts ie Sham Shui Po and To Gua Wan-majority live in sub-divided rooms 2.Environmental aspect: 3. Spiritual aspect: low self-esteem -Lower educational level
-Lack of knowledge on social welfare,
ie. Resources available 5. Educational aspect: Financial aids *Old Age Living Allowance (Government)
*A comprehensive retiring system to ensure that they enjoy a decent standard of living (Government) Special services
provided: Safety problems No one can help if they have any accidents at home Practical support Special services
provided: 1.installing 'Personal Emergency Link Service'
2.Home services (i.e. help clean their homes)
3.Community services
e.g. meal boxes delivery, domestic helpers keep check of their personal safety
(NGO Provides) Health problems *80% of the elderly aged 65 or above suffer from chronic diseases *Movement difficulties and seldom go out a. More medical care
b. Cheaper medical costs 1.Community pharmacy (medicine assistance scheme):
-Offering medicine at 30-70% off or free of charge to the needy
-Counseling on drug use given by professional pharmacists
2.Set up of Elderly Health Service by the Department of Health
-> provide health care services at low cost
3.received CSSA
-> exempted from health service charges (Government)
4. Simple health check (free of charge) by NGOs Special services: Intellectual poverty *Low educated
*insufficient understanding of the social changes over decades
*little knowledge on their body and health change Education Special services: 1.The publication of The Voice:
-provide more information for the elderly (esp. the more educated one) related to health care, diet, recreational activities, welfare and services for the elderly, etc.
2.Talks: -Educate the elderly the changes of their lives
3.Newspaper reading-Raise the awareness of some social issues and policies Problem 5 Need 5 Special services: Lack of community care •Poor supporting facilities lead to household accidents e.g. no handrails•Low living standard•Lack of government welfare e.g. no comprehensive retirement protection for elderly•Feeling abandoned by society•Not enough columbaria •Enhance home facilities
•More care services/counseling
•Better welfare policy
e.g. the matching fund
•Strengthen the community network
•More columbaria are needed •Home maintenance services: -Free home maintenance services provided by volunteers•"Electrical Appliances For The Elderly" Program: -Distributing electrical appliances such as fan, rice cooker, etc. to poor elderly to improve the living standard Knowledge  Personal
knowledge 

-agencies. resources and skills

1.understand the service area of different agencies in order for referral
Eg. Food bank, hidden elderly

2.realise the resources available by the government or NGO Practical knowledge
from theory, research and legislation
1-eg.humanistic psychology on life span development
i.e. what are the characteristics and need of general elderly

2-researches concerning elderly
eg. Research on the Phenomenon of Elder Abuse in Hong Kong by Social Welfare Department

3-regulations on preventing and handling elderly abuse
i.e. 'Domestic and Cohabitation Relationships Violence Ordinance' (Cap. 189)  Propositional
knowledge Values Roles and Functions -‘wash the building’
-set up booth Identifier
/ problem seeker *Search for those who need help Role 1: providing meal boxes delivery to check their personal safety Preventer To ensure the safety of elderly Role 2: Let the elderly understand that they can only approach social workers during office hours/ Discuss issues related to elderly Role 3: Educator *teach them some general knowledge Role 4: Promote positive thinking Supporter *providing spiritual supports directly and indirectly Guiding them to think positively and removing their feeling of loneliness and helpless and assist them in making decisions Role 5: Counselor *solve clients’ problems, providing solutions help elderly
applying CSSA,
allowances in electricity bills Role 6: Broker *Linking clients’ needs to the appropriate resources
provided by the government or other agencies 1)We have cited the widely used and accepted definition of poor elderly in our presentation, which only focuses the financial situations of elderly.
However, is this enough? Why or why not? What could we include besides financial aspect?


2)Discuss and select the one which deserves more resources/ its needs are not fully considered by current policies.Explain.


a) Elderly with chronic diseases
b) Hidden elderly
c) Disabled elderly Discussion Elderly is a burden to society lack of social networking 4. Social aspect: Aim to prove society changes
lead to elderly in poverty face problems
Rather than elderly create problems to society 'Elderly is the burden of the society' Aim to prove society changes
lead to elderly in poverty
-> face problems
*Rather than elderly create
problems to society THANK YOU Problem faced:
1.Financial difficulties 2. Safety problems 3.Health problems 4.Intellectual poverty 5. social exclusion •Relying on social security: Social security allowance (OAA ($1090)) comprehensive social security assistance
•Income from waste-picking
•Financial support from sons and daughters
•Own limited savings Reason behind: unable to find jobs (frailty, lack of skills, low education level) Financial aids,
retirement pension system,
social insurance Services provided in accordance:
•Government: old-age living allowance ($2200) , Emergency Relief Fund,
•NGOs: distribution of resources (e.g. Food bank), provision of low-price catering service (e.g. refreshment)
•Community support: Fee-waiver scheme of supply of town gas, electricity and telecommunication service >Inadequate facilities: handrails,
lighting
>Inability in hiring caretakers Corresponding needs:
material supports Services provided in accordance:
1.installing 'Personal Emergency Link Service'
2.Integrated Home Care Services Teams (IHCSTs)
*concepts of 'Ageing in Place' and 'Continuum of Care' *
For example: meal boxes delivery, help clean their homes
3.Home Environment Improvement Scheme for the Elderly (Social Welfare Department): $5000.
4."Electrical Appliances For The Elderly" Program Health condition relatively at risk
(physical and mental) Services provided in accordance:
1.Community pharmacy (medicine assistance scheme):-Offering medicine at 30-70% off or free of charge to the needy -Counseling on drug use given by professional pharmacists

2.Set up of Elderly Health Service by the Department of Health -> provide health care services at low cost

3.received CSSA a-> exempted from health service charges

4.NGOs : Simple health check •Low educated
•insufficient understanding of the social changes over decades
•little knowledge on their body and health change Services provided in accordance:
1.The publication of The Voice: -provide more information for the elderly (esp. the more educated one) related to health care, diet, recreational activities, welfare and services for the elderly, etc.
2.Talks: -Educate the elderly the changes of their lives
3.Newspaper reading-Raise the awareness of some social issues and policies Individual: low self-esteem
Social: Cultural changes
*Feeling abandoned by society Corresponding needs:
Strengthen the
community network Services provided in accordance: St. James also provides group work for poor and hidden elderly to help establish their network. Perseverance Equality Competence Humanitarianism - life experiences, empathy and ethics
- experience of elderly services
1: NLP (Neuro-linguistic programming) maintain a medium-level of emotion of social workers themselves
2: Ways to communicate with elderly 1. *Livia and Kammy (em)

2. *Dee and Tony (youth)

3. *Ah Dou 豆and Julie (Women)

4. *Serena and Nick (NI)

5. *Joanna and Gilly (Disability) DEBRIEFING
Full transcript