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Why did Britain occupy Egypt in 1882?

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abc def

on 27 November 2013

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Transcript of Why did Britain occupy Egypt in 1882?

Economy
British Mentalities and Beliefs
RELIGION
Egyptian Vulnerability
POLITICAL
Why did Britain occupy Egypt in 1882?
SUEZ
COTTON
THE SCRAMBLE FOR AFRICA
Africa is
"a savage country"
Sir Samuel Baker
SUPERIORITY
ECONOMIC
MILITARY
Egypt was Militarily Vulnerable because...
British army was very experienced and well-equipped
Egyptian Army did not have the experience or the means of the British
Battle of Tel el-Kebir
Egyptian casualties were
2,000

British casualties were
57
British forces numbering
13,000
, only
45
guns

Egyptian forces
20,000
, with
59
guns
Egypt was economically Weak..
Foreign Debt rose:

From
£3 million
in 1863
to
£10 million
in 1876.
Spent too much money too quickly...

Suez Canal only supposed to cost
£6 million
.
Ended up costing
£16 million
.
Egypt was Politically weak..
Colonel Orabi Pasha
had been attempting to overthrow the Khedive (the governor of Egypt) for
4 years
in 1882.
There was evidence that France were trying to exert their control over Egypt

Eg. Entering into an alliance with Turkey.
Suez Canal
Opened in 1869.

It became VERY important to trade...

In 1882,
80%
of trade going through it was British

Number of tons passing through it every day increased,
from
400,000
to
5 million
between 1870 and 1882

Provided a thoroughfare to Britain's colonies in Asia.



Egyptian Cotton trade
British focus moved to Egyptian cotton because...

Technological improvements
Eg. Eli Whitney's "
Cotton Gin
" in 1793.

American Civil War
(1861 - 1865)

Egyptian efforts to increase cotton production
Eg. Egyptian cotton
production increased 4-fold
in the
1860s, cotton represented
75% of exports
by 1870s.


The 'Scramble for Africa'
In
1870
, less than 10% of Africa had been colonised,
by
1914
, less than 10% had not.
"Christianity is the only true religion!"
Britain became paranoid about the Canal's safety!
Egypt provided an exploitable cotton alternative.
Britain's colonial desires were encouraged and justified.
Britain went into Egypt to 'restore' order and maintain the British-sympathetic Khedive.
Britain could take occupy Egypt with few British casualties.
Thank you for listening!
Full transcript