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The Profession of Teaching

A closer look at the history of teacher professionalism, teacher rights & liability.

DRjason Ampel

on 19 April 2016

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Transcript of The Profession of Teaching

-interactions with kids
-satisfying job
-helping kids
-autonomy in the classroom
Why do college students pursue
a teaching career when they could earn more in other occupations?
20th Century

Increase in Urbanization & Immigration

As the 20th century turns, the image of the teacher turns. The teacher went from protector of morality to that of social welfare worker & vocational trainer.

Teachers became workers in large educational bureaucracies.

Does this sound familiar??
19th Century

Horace Mann & Common Schools

Schools at this time were looking for moral teachers that emphasized, “pure tastes of good manners & exemplary morals.”
As educational goals change..
So do the teachers
To The 21st!!
Meaningful lessons/discussions
The primary professional concern for any educator is teach the students and develop potential.

Teacher Professionalism has a direct impact on your students ability to learn and grow

Characteristics of T.P look like:
21st Century Educator?
These include ALL of your goals, abilities, and standards!

Three Key Characteristics
of Teacher Professionalism
The Ability to Pin-Point What Works & Does NOT
Application of Knowledge
Being The “Facilitating Reflective Practitioner”
Creating Autonomy
Understand Diversity of Classroom (SES, Cultural, ESE,etc)
Know you subject area!
Be Innovative
Being Confident
Relating Material To Kids
Having A Defined “Style”
Active vs. Passive Teacher
Commit to Academic Honesty & Objectivity To Material
Can you teach concepts?
Improvisational Techniques
Eye Catching
What is you goal of teaching? (Tests OR Life-Long Learning)

How do you carry yourself……
From language to behavior??

How do you plan on distinguishing between personal views & views of the school?
Never leave students!
Use verbal praise
Don’t make calls/notes to students
Use Common Sense!
Be cognizant of Profession Reputation OUTSIDE of school (we will get back to this one! :)
You are the professional!
Refer students who have personal “issues”
ALWAYS keep your door open when talking to a student
NEVER discuss personal issues!
Report ANY issues, no matter how insignificant YOU might think
& Ethical Boundaries
Violations of ethics are serious!

Your actions are absorbed by ALL students.

According to the courts:

As Educators….
We have influences over students
We hold positions of trust
We are expected to what is right from wrong
In other words….
The educator values the worth and dignity of every person, the pursuit of truth, devotion to excellence, acquisition of knowledge, and the nurture of democratic citizenship. Essential to the achievement of these standards are the freedom to learn and to teach and the guarantee of equal opportunity for all.
The educator's primary professional concern will always be for the student and for the development of the student's potential. The educator will therefore strive for professional growth and will seek to exercise the best professional judgment and integrity.
Aware of the importance of maintaining the respect and confidence of one's colleagues, of students, of parents, and of other members of the community, the educator strives to achieve and sustain the highest degree of ethical conduct. (FL DOE)
(6B-1.001) Code of Ethics of the Education Profession in Florida
Culture of professionalism

Healthy atmosphere for student growth

Respect your students
Teacher suspended for Facebook comments on gay marriage
Mount Dora - A Florida award-winning educator was suspended from teaching and temporarily reassigned pending an investigation into an incident in which he posted anti-gay statements about same-sex marriage on his Facebook page.
Mount Dora High School's Teacher of the Year Jerry Buell wrote on his personal Facebook page that "he 'almost threw up' over the recent news about the legalization of same-sex marriage in New York, he said that that same-sex marriages were a sin, and that gay marriages were part of a 'cesspool,'" according to a report in the Orlando Sentinel.
What kind of person does one need to be to become a Professional & Ethical teacher?
Life Outside of Teaching?
What about outside of school?

“ What a teacher is, is more important that what he/she teaches.”

Guardian of Morality?
Civilizer of Western Mining & Rancher Towns?
Saint of Freed Slaves
Social Worker in Urban Slums
Americanizer of Immigrants
Protector Against Communism
The Profession of Teaching
Define Teacher Roles
Teacher Certification
NCLB & “Highly Qualified”
Why are teachers held to higher standards?
Teachers’ Liability
Teacher Turnover
Merit Pay
Life Outside School

Objectives For Today….

"Reason and experience have long demonstrated that children under ten or twelve years of age can be genially taught and more successful governed by a female than by a male teacher."
Horace Mann (1846)
Teachers as "moral models" for their communities?
Bachelor’s Degree
State Certification
Knowledge Demonstration (subject matter exams)

Why is this difficult in rural areas
(1/3 of school districts)?

NCLB & “Highly Qualified”

What about the pay?
Why do teachers leave the profession? Or do they?

-Table 10-3 (pg.253)

A conservative national estimate of the cost of replacing public school teachers who have dropped out of the profession is $2.2 billion a year. If the cost of replacing public school teachers who transfer schools is added, the total reaches $4.9 billion every year.

Working Conditions
Testing Pressure
Low Wages
Threat of Layoffs

Teacher Turnover (Attrition)

Teachers Rights
* Speech & conduct of teachers in relationship to administrators & school boards.
* Your rights & limitations in the classroom.
* Your rights outside of school....

Pickering V. Board of Ed of Township HS (1968) pg.266

* Illinois School Teacher
* Letter about Raising $$
* Outcome?
I have a great personal example!
Palmer V. Board of Education (1979)
* Jehovah's Witness Teacher
*Didn't follow curriculum

As teachers you do NOT lose your constitutional rights, BUT your employment put limitations on your actions. (270)

Are you legally liable for your students??

If you are teaching a class and a student takes a pair of scissors and seriously injures another student, are you liable for monetary damages?

Teacher Liability

Margaret Sheehan & “rock throwing” (270)

Teachers can be held liable for student injuries under the following conditions:
Teachers injure the student or do NOT protect the student from injury
Teachers due not use due care
Teachers’ carelessness results in student injury
Students sustain provable injuries

Sheehan v. St. Peter Catholic School (1971)

Major concern of the courts is whether teachers' private lives interfere with their professional conduct as teachers. (267)
Is it a lack of professionalism?
Lack of Support?
Do you have what it takes?
Let's Take A Look At Professionalism!
Full transcript