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Color Theory

Intro to Art - Color Theory Lesson
by

Erica Bartley

on 8 January 2014

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Transcript of Color Theory

Color Theory
Primary Colors
Secondary Colors
Tertiary Colors
Complementary Colors
Colors that are directly opposite of each other on the color wheel.
Examples:
red
&
green
blue
&
orange
violet
&
yellow
*Note - when one mixes complementary colors the resulting color is always brown.
Tint
Tone
Shade
A soft and light color.
A hue produced by the addition of white.
A hue produced by the addition of black.
A hard and dark color.
The Primary Colors include:
Red
Yellow
Blue

Primary colors are not mixes of other colors.
~You CAN NOT make a primary color!

However, you can use the primary colors to mix and get all other colors
.
The Secondary Colors include:
Purple
Green
Orange

Secondary colors are created by mixing two primary colors.

Blue
+
Red
=
Purple
Yellow
+
Blue
=
Green
Red
+
Yellow
=
Orange
The Tertiary colors are the leftover colors.

Tertiary colors are created by mixing a Primary color with a Secondary color.

The mixes include:
Red
+
Orange
=
Red-orange
Yellow
+
Orange
=
Yellow-orange
Yellow
+
Green
=
Yellow-green
Blue
+
Green
=
Blue-green
Blue
+
Violet (Purple)
=
Blue-violet

Red
+
Violet (Purple)
=
Red-violet
These colors make up a great contrast when placed next to each other!
~ Want to stand out wear complementary colors!
Color is the perceptual characteristic of light described by a color name.

Specifically, color is light, and light is composed of many colors - those we see are the colors of the visual spectrum: (ROY G BIV)
R - Red
O - Orange
Y - Yellow
G - Green
B - Blue
I - Indigo
V - Violet (Purple)

Objects absorb certain wavelengths and reflect others back to the viewer. We perceive these wavelengths as color.

Warm Colors:
Colors such as
red
,
yellow
, and
orange
. These colors evoke warmth because they remind us of things like the sun or fire.

Cool Colors:
Colors like
blue
,
green
, and
violet (purple)
. These colors evoke a cool feeling because they remind us of things like water or grass.
Color Theory is all about colors, how to mix them, and how they affect the person who sees them.

One artist who has developed many of the principles in color theory is the famous artist Leonardo DaVinci who lived in the 15th century.
Analogous Colors
The colors that are located together on a color wheel.

The buddy system!
Analogous colors usually match extremely well, but they also create almost NO contrast. They're good for very serene-feeling designs and artwork where you want viewers to feel comfortable.
Monochromatic Colors
Monochromatic colors are all the tints, shades, and hues that make up a single color.

In example:
Extremely dark blue
Dark blue
Blue
Light blue
Extremely light blue
The Color Wheel
The Colors
A quality of a color.
As in a colors:
Saturation
Intensity
Luminosity
Temperature
Tints:
Shades:
Tone:
A hue produced by the addition of grey.
Your next project:

Art Fundamentals + Drawing & Painting

Step 1: Begin color wheel packets and complete them for homework.

Step 2: Learn about rainforest project.

Step 3: Begin tracing out grid on large sheets of paper for oil pastel project.

Step 4: Begin rainforest oil pastel project.


Regular Color Sequence
Warm Color Scheme
Cool Color Scheme
Complementary Color Scheme
Monochromatic Color Scheme
Analogous Color Scheme
Grayscale Sequence
Art Fundamentals: You need to show 5 of the following upon your rainforest picture.

Drawing & Painting: You need to show ALL of the following upon your rainforest picture.
Full transcript