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child labor

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by

Michael Quach

on 11 October 2012

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Transcript of child labor

children worked to help their families or they were forced to work by economic conditions. A family would not be able to support itself if a child was not employed. The average "factory girl" worked in inhumane environments. The noisy and uncomfortable environment aided the hazardous dust, oil, soot, and molten metal that the workers had to withstand. Common factories that children could work in were cotton factories and metal factories.
Accidents were common and could damage children for life. There was no limit on how long children could work until Sadler's bill was passed, making the limit 10 hours at a time. The Factory Workers' Woe Match Girls ranged from extremely young children to grown women. The method of making matches in that time period was dipping the sticks of wood into vats of chemical phosphorous, which can cause lung trouble and rots teeth. Girls as young as 6 years old started doing this work. The Tears of the Match Girls The chimney sweeps worked hard every day in horrible conditions. Young children even as young as 5 or 6 worked in harsh conditions such as deadly heights and toxic fumes that emitted from the chimney. The sweeps climbed inside to scrape and brush away soot from the walls. Some of the dangers were getting stuck inside and suffacating, being cut against the walls, and lung trouble from the ashes. Chimney Sweeps By Michael, Giemer, Julia, Savannah, Jerrick, and Andrew Child labor England during the Victorian times was harsh and miserable. The Cries of the Scavengers Hurriers the were Scavengers were typically the youngest
children in a factory setting. Their job was to
climb under the machines and clean the wheels
and gears with small brushes. Then hazards of
this job were numerous, but the most common was
getting caught in the machinery and often being crushed.
Scavengers were most common in textile or cotton mills,
where pieces of fabric often got caught in the gears. Hurriers worked in the mines,carrying coal up to the surface. They were generally older, teenagers or slightly younger, because they had to be strong enough to haul coal. The dangers of this were being trapped inside the mine, lung trouble from the dust, and injuries from the heavy loads. Child Labor Child Labor By Michael, Savannah, Andrew, Julia, Giemer, and Jerrick In England During Victorian Times Factual Information-15 Facts In Great Britain, By 1750, 14% of the workforce was composed of children under the age of 14 Fact #1 1800 THE COURSE OF EVENTS THAT OCCURED OF CHILD LABOR 1819 1901 Queen Victoria was born The use of boys for chimney sweepers became illegal 1832 1833 Factory Act - Prohibited children ages 9 and under to work in textile factories 1847 Ten hour act: No child to work more than 10 hours per day 1878 A combination of all the acts from before. No child under 10 could work. Children 10-14 could only work 12 hours. Women could not work more than 56 hours a week. 1891 1844 Factory Act
Children and women could only work 12 hours a day. Children of the ages 9 and 13 could only work 48 hours a week. 1837


Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens was written in response to the horrible conditions of children. Education made free for all children 1841 Mines Act prohibited work for children in mines. Cotton Mills and Factories Act- children 9 and under could not work.
Children ages 9-16 could work for 12 hours. 1819 1850 Factory Act
Children and women could only work up to 10 1/2 hours. 1831 Factory Act- No person under 21 could work at night 1853 Factory Act Children were to work the same hours as women and young people Fee Grant Act- 1881 Education Act: Mandatory for children between the ages and 5 and 10 to attend school. 1840
Only 20 percent of children were in school Barrow, Mandy. "What Was It like for Children Living in Victorian Britain?" What Was It like for Children Living in Victorian Britain? Woodlands Jr School, 2010. Web. 09 Oct. 2012. <http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/Homework/victorians/children/working.htm>.

BBC. "Victorian Britain: Children in Factories." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 09 Oct. 2012. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/victorian_britain/children_in_factories/>.

Bloy, Marjie. "Victorian Legislation: a Timeline" 20 Dec. 2006. The Victorian Web. 8 Oct. 2012<http://www.victorianweb.org/history/legistl.html>.

C.A. Beard. "Industrial Revolution (excerpt)." DISCovering World History. 1997. Student Resource Center. Framington Hills, Mich.: Gale Group. Online Database. November 8, 2001.

"Child Labor in Factories During the Industrial Revolution." Child Labor in Factories During the Industrial Revolution. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www2.needham.k12.ma.us/nhs/cur/Baker_00/2002_p7/ak_p7/childlabor.html>.

"Factory Working Conditions in the Late 1800s, 1880-1899." DISCovering U.S. History. 1997. Student Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Gale Group. Online Database. November 8, 2001

Nettlesworth. "Industrial Revolution." Industrial Revolution. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Oct. 2012. <http://www.nettlesworth.durham.sch.uk/time/victorian/vindust.html>.

Snodgrass, Chris. "A CHRONICLE OF SOME VICTORIAN EVENTS" 2003 8 Oct. 2012 <http://www.clas.ufl.edu/users/snod/vicagetimeline.html>

"The Industrial Revolution, 1700-1900." DISCovering World History. 1997 Student Resource Center. Framington Hills, Mich.: Gale Group. Online Database. November 8, 2001

Vasquez, Jillian, and Tiffanee Wheeler. "Factory Conditions for Women." Victorian Contexts /. PBWorks, 2008. Web. 09 Oct. 2012. <http://victoriancontexts.pbworks.com/w/page/12407347/Factory%20Conditions%20for%20Women>.

World Wide Meta Museum. "Mining in the Victorian Age." WWMM. World Wise Meta Museum, n.d. Web. 09 Oct. 2012. <http://www.wwmm.org/storie/storia.asp?id_storia=191>. That's the End! Many Children were 'drafted' and even given away [by poor families] to work in factories for little or no pay Fact #2 Some children worked up to 19 hours a day with only 1 hour of breaks... in TOTAL Fact #3 Although 19 hours was only in extreme cases, the average child worked 12-13 hour days with still, only 1 hour of breaks in total Fact #4 Not only were children subject to such long hours, they were also in horrible conditions. Children often worked with/near large, heavy, and dangerous equipment. Fact #5 Many accidents occurred injuring and even KILLING children Fact #6 Children were paid only a fraction of what adults were paid, and factory owners often got away with not paying them at all. Fact #7 Orphans were commonly subject to slave-like labor{without pay!} Factory owners claimed that they already were providing room and board for orphans, so pay wasn't necessary. Fact #7-2 In 1840 only about 20% of the children were fortunate enough to attend school. By 1860 the numbers had risen and the children between the ages of 5 and 15 had some sort of schooling in a day school or Sunday school. Fact #8 Fact #9 Fact #10 Fact #11 Fact #12 Fact #13 Fact #14 Fact #15 The surge of child labor in England was caused by the fact that England was the first country in the world to industrialize, thus many more workers were needed in the work force of industry Fact #2-2 Children worked in different conditions depending on what job they did, but generally all of them worked in atrocious conditions. Chimney sweepers worked at very deadly heights with toxic fumes that emitted from the chimney. Match girls had to dip match sticks into chemical phosphorous that can cause rotting teeth and lung problems. Scavengers had to work in fear of being caught in the machinery and being crushed by it while trying to clean the gears. Hurriers got injuries from pulling heavy loads and lung problems from dust while crawling to the surface. Factory workers worked in inhumane environments that were noisy and uncomfortable. The molten metal and soot did not help at all. The treatment of children in factories was often cruel and unusual, and the children's safety was generally neglected. The youngest children, who were not old enough to work the machines, were commonly sent to be assistants to textile workers. The people who the children served would beat them, verbally abuse them, and take no consideration for their safety. Both boys and girls who worked in factories were subject to beatings and other harsh forms of pain infliction. One common punishment for being late or not working up to quota would be to be "weighted." An overseer would tie a heavy weight to worker's neck, and have them walk up and down the factory aisles so the other children could see them and "take example." This could last up to an hour. Weighting could lead to serious injuries in the back and/or neck. Punishments such as this would often be dispensed under stringent rules. Boys were sometimes dragged naked from their beds and sent to the factories only holding their clothes, to be put on there. This was to make sure the boys would not be late, even by a few minutes. Child labor: Movements to Regulate
There were people in this time period that strongly advocated the use or the abolishment of child labor, or at least the improvement of conditions. Factory owners loved child labor, and they supported their reasoning with ideas that it was good for everything from the economy to the building of the children's characters. Parents of the children who worked were almost forced to at least approve of it because they needed the income. Factory Act-
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