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What the Flip? Introducing Tools for the Flipped Classroom
Transcript of What the Flip? Introducing Tools for the Flipped Classroom
WHAT THE FLIP? Introducing tools for the flipped classroom
So, what does it mean to flip instruction?
from the teacher's hands to the students' hands.
from teacher-focused to student focused.
Focus of the class
from lower-order thinking activities to higher-order thinking activities.
Innovators of the flipped model, Jonathan Bergmann and Aaron Sams, write,
"Flipping the classroom is more about a mindset: redirecting attention away from the teacher and putting attention on the learner and the learning."
Why does this get students going?
By flipping the instruction of our classes to online videos, students have the ability to pause, to rewind, to learn at their own pace in order to better understand the information we are sharing. Flipping instruction puts the learning back into the hands of students.
So what DO you need to flip your classroom?
Begin by flipping what we traditionally do in the classroom. Kylene Beers’ posed a great question in her book
Why Kids Can’t Read
of whether we as teachers are spending our time on instruction or instructions. Do we spend our time as coaches and mentors, modeling instruction, or do we instead spend our time giving detailed instructions, hoping that the more we give, the more they’ll get it? Instead of focusing on giving instructions in the classroom, spend less time giving instructions and more time on planning instruction.
Screencasting tech - Find free screen recorders at screencast-o-matic.com and techsmith.com (Camtasia and Jing)
Where to post - other than your school website, you can also upload to YouTube, Vimeo, Edmodo, wikis, and Nings
Plan what you will "flip"
Teacher and vlogger Paul Andersen states: “The teacher is the most important part of a functioning classroom . . . Just because you create videos doesn’t mean you are teaching them . . . ‘teacher’ implies learning, and if you are not getting learning, you’re not a teacher; you’re simply at ‘talker’.”
All this sounds great, but what about...
Educator and blogger Alan November answers this and many questions related to flipped learning at http://bit.ly/novemberarticle. He writes, "While this statement is true in many places, there are a variety of options in how these resources can be shared with students. First, schools should provide opportunities outside of the standard school day for when the school library is open, allowing students to use school computers. ...while many students do not have computers with internet connections at home, we do find that instead, many have other digital devices that connect to the internet using cell towers." We need to make sure that our videos are available on a myriad of devices and browsers.
STUDENTS WHO DON'T WATCH THE VIDEOS AT HOME?
This is a problem whether we are working in a traditional classroom or
a flipped one. Alan November writes, "Teachers should be posting
thought-provoking questions that guide students as they explore the
at-home material. The work at home should not be without some sort of
focus. Additionally, in class, there should be a tremendous amount of
interactivity among students as the teacher circulates around the room.
If the teacher sees there is a student not taking part in the conversation,
this can be easily addressed."
Learn more by picking up Jonathan Bergmann and Aaron Sams' book FLIP YOUR CLASSROOM. You'll find the book online at http://bit.ly/flippingyourclass
Also read through a wonderful pro versus con article on Edutopia written by Mary Beth Hertz, a K-8 Technology Teacher in Philadelphia found at http://bit.ly/hertzarticle
Each summer there is a Flipped Classroom Conference, and their website shares a wealth of resources at http://flipped-learning.com/
And the Flipped Classroom network for teachers is also a fantastic resource at http://flippedclassroom.org
Dan Spencer put together this Google Doc of resources for establishing your flipped content at http://bit.ly/flipgoogle
It is important that you ask students to do something while they watch your videos. They should be taking notes, annotating a handout, or coming up with questions for your next class period.
There's no one right way to create your class videos. Some teachers use screencasting to narrate a lesson they have created in PowerPoint or another program while others turn the video tape themselves at the classroom board. Other teachers are using videos that others have put together, modifying them through sites like YouTube or TED-ed to suit the needs of their particular class.
has students bringing in outside research and connections during student-led discussions,
asks students to utilize critical thinking skills in order to work through higher-order thinking tasks,
is collaborative, where students shift between academic discussions based on both their interests and academic needs,
strives to put learning into context, to make the purpose of classwork meaningful through connections with the real world,
gives students an opportunity to demonstrate their learning in meaningful ways,
showcases students challenging one another on the content of the class, and
creates a space where student-led tutoring and collaboration arises naturally.
The flipped classroom is not...
"Students are responsible for viewing the videos and asking appropriate questions. The teacher is simply there to provide expert feedback. The students are responsible for completing and sharing their work...for making appropriate use of the resident expert to help them understand the concepts." --Bergmann and Sams
This is one of the first flipped videos I did with my class. I start out the very first day by having students craft a metaphor for their writing process. They then watch this video which explains the rubric but also shows them how to find Creative Commons images using Flickr.
The effective flipped class...
So, get to it!
Let's take some time right now to create a simple class video introducing your students to an idea you would usually introduce to them through lecture.
Your video should:
Be less than 10 minutes long,
Ask the students to complete a specific activity as they watch, and
Grab students' attention, so feel free to use any combination of others' videos, screencasting programs, or video record yourself talking.
Videos from The Khan Academy at www.khanacademy.org
Videos and lessons from TED at http://ed.ted.com/
Free screencasting programs at www.screencast-o-matic.com and at www.techsmith.com (Jing and Camtasia)
The Flipped Learning Network of teachers, lead by Jon Bergmann, defines Flipped Learning as: "a pedagogical approach in which direct instruction moves from the group learning space to the individual learning space, and the resulting group space is transformed into a dynamic, interactive learning environment where the educator guides students as they apply concepts and engage creatively in the subject matter."
The pillars of flipped learning...
Educators can create flexible spaces in which students choose when and where they learn. Furthermore, educators who flip their classes are flexible in their expectations of student timelines for learning and in their assessments of student learning.
The Flipped Learning model deliberately shifts instruction to a learner-centered approach where class time is dedicated to exploring topics in greater depth and creating rich learning opportunities. Students are actively involved in knowledge construction as they participate in and evaluate their learning in a manner that is personally meaningful.
Educators continually think about how they can use the Flipped Learning model to help students develop conceptual understanding and procedural fluency. Educators use Intentional Content to maximize class time in order to adopt methods of student-centered, active learning strategies.
Professional Educators continually observe their students, providing them with feedback relevant in the moment and assessing their work. Professional Educators are reflective in their practice, connect with each other to improve their instruction, accept constructive criticism and tolerate controlled chaos in their classrooms.