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Bacteria Case Study - Gonorrhea

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Zeltzin Gutierrez

on 24 October 2012

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Transcript of Bacteria Case Study - Gonorrhea

Approximately 500,000 to 600,000 cases
occur each year in the United States.

Approximately 62 million cases occur
each year worldwide. Men and women who have casual, unprotected sex.

Babies may contract gonorrhea during birth if mother is infected.

It is the second most common sexually transmitted disease
& mostly found in the United States. Antibiotics can be given to a patient in a tablet, liquid, or an injection form.
penicillin
ceftriaxone
tetracycline

The medication may stop the infection but it cannot repair any permanent damage.

Certain strains of the gonorrhea bacteria have become resistant to some antibiotics Treatment Women:
- (Mild) Bleeding associated with vaginal intercourse
- Painful or burning sensations wen urinating
- Yellow or bloody vaginal discharge

- (Advanced symptoms) Cramps & pain
- Bleeding between menstrual periods
- Vomiting
- Fever
- PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease). Symptoms Contact with an infected vagina, penis, anus, or mouth.
It is spread through semen or vaginal fluids during unprotected sexual contact with a partner who has gonorrhea.
Touching infected sex organs, like the vagina or penis.

Abstain from sexual intercourse
Getting yourself & your partner checked for gonorrhea
Condoms Transmission & Preventions Men:
- White, yellow, or green pus from the penis with pain
- Burning sensations during urination
- Swollen testicles
- Discharge
- Anal itching

Throat & Eyes:
- Redness
- Itching
- Discharge from the eye Symptoms "Gonorrhea Facts." Gonorrhea Facts. N.p., 30 Apr. 2012. Web. 12 Oct. 2012. <http://www.kingcounty.gov/healthservices/health/communicable/std/gonorrhea.aspx>.
Price, Kelly. "Gonorrhea - Symptoms, Prevention & Cure." Ezine Articles. N.p., 23 Oct. 2006. Web. 11 Oct. 2012. <http://ezinearticles.com/?Gonorrhea---Symptoms,-Prevention-and-Cure&id=335739>.
Baker, Amanda. "Gonorrhea." Gonorrhea. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2012. <http://www.austincc.edu/microbio/2704w/ng.htm>.
"Health." Gonorrhea, Information about Gonorrhea. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Oct. 2012. <http://www.faqs.org/health/topics/38/Gonorrhea.html>. Bibliography Zeltzin Gutierrez
Edward Angeles
Medical Microbiology 6th period ID/CC (Identification & chief complaint):
- A 19 year old male presents with burning upon urination, profuse, greenish-yellow urethral discharge, stained underwear and urethral pain

HPI (History of Present Illness):
- He admits to having casual, unprotected sex with a woman 4 days prior to symptoms.

PE (Physical Exam):
- Slightly blood-tinged urethral discharge, normal testes.

Labs:
- Intracellular gram-negative diplococci in white blood cells, growth on Thayer-Martin agar. Case Study Statistics Who's at risk? Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Gonorrhea History
Albert Neisser discovered the bacteria in 1879.
Gonorrhea was described in early writings from Egypt, China, and Japan.
A diagnostic description of the disease was written in the Middle Ages.
In the late fifteenth century, a syphilis epidemic raged throughout Europe, though at that time syphilis was often confused with gonorrhea, and some believed that gonorrhea was the first stage of syphilis
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