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Transcript of Copyright
Copyright laws apply to everyone. Office
workers making copies, teens downloading music,
teachers showing DVDs are just a few of the many
people affected by copyright. Authors of original work are entitled to limit
reproduction and distribution in order to protect
creations and receive royalties. Within copyright law, there are fair use provisions which permit conditional reproduction only if certain guidelines are met (Simpson, 36). Through fair use, libraries and nonprofit schools are exempt from some copyright laws. You can determine fair use by assessing and remembering the following four factors. P A N E Purpose Amount Nature Effect If material is being used for educational, nonprofit and for news reporting, criticism or commentary purposes then it is considered fair use. The amount of material being used should not encompass "the essence of the work." If a smaller amount of a work is used, it is fair use. Nature "pertains to the content of the material being used" ( Simpson, 39). Is it factual or creatively expressed? Facts and published works are open to free use in limited quantities. Beware of using unpublished or creative pieces like literature or the arts as they contradict fair use. If the effect of using the material deprives the creator of income or the material is being commercially used, then it goes against fair use. Work Cited
Simpson, Carol. Copyright for Schools: A Practical Guide. 5th ed.
Santa Barbara: Linworth, 2010. Print.
Free Logo Designer Poster. Logo Designer Blog n. d. Web. 7 Oct.
<www.mediaeducationlab.com> Guidelines for Fair Use Print:
No more than 2,500 words of an essay, article or story is permissable.
Single copies of poems, graphs, charts, articles, short stories, chapters or illustrations are allowed for teacher use only.
No more than 10% of the material should be copied.
Workbooks are not allowed to be copied since doing such deprives creators of profit from sales. Online Images:
In a collection, the lesser of 15 images or 10% may be used.
Credit must be cited to artists for image use.
No more than five images per artist are permissable.
Only free clip art may be downloaded and reposted. Recorded Music:
The lesser of 30 seconds or 10% of a song may be used.
Complete songs are permitted if usage is directed related to educational instruction. In a multimedia project, 30 seconds of music may be used. Audio Visual:
Use is permitted if viewing occurs in a school building, is for educational , nonprofit direct instruction and supports the curriculum. Audio visual must be used for direct teaching only. Digital downloads may be used as long as there are not any restrictive agreements in place. In addition, the material must be either legally acquired, rented from a store or borrowed from a library. If any of the above are not adhered to, then in order to show, a public performance license is required. Software:
Software should only be installed once unless additional licenses are present. The amount of users should never exceed the total licenses.
After use, borrowed library software must be uninstalled. Proper Fair Use Examples for Teachers Online Images:
A teachers requires images on a digital publication. Free clip art is permitted as are entire images that are properly cited.
Teachers can refer students to creativecommons.org to navigate legalities. Print:
Extra copies of printed materials are needed. A teacher can reserve them in the library or request ILLs for student access.
Consumables cannot be copied, but must be purchased. Recorded Music:
A teacher provides the song Welcome Back for the morning announcers to deliver the news and welcome students back to school after the summer.
This is permissable since it is less than 30 seconds and was used for nonprofit, educational purposes. Audio Visual:
There is a mass prep and an audio visual work is going to be shown. Educators must ensure it is a legal copy and prior to the showing, instruction must be given to directly relate it to the curriculum. Software:
A program is needed on an extra computer. A teacher can either uninstall it on one computer for use on another or purchase an additional copy. Purpose Amount Nature Effect