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ELEMENTS OF MUSIC

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by

alex nguyen

on 7 November 2014

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Transcript of ELEMENTS OF MUSIC

ELEMENTS OF MUSIC
AMM3O1

RHYTHM
For our puposes, we'll consider this element as anything to do with time.
FORM
The structure of a piece or plan of music; terms are used to describe how a piece of music is organized.
HARMONY
Element of music relating to the simultaneous sounds of two or more notes/pitches.
PITCH
Element of music relating to the highness of lowness of a sound frequency.
THE END
MELODY
1. A series of pitches that create a musical idea.

2. The main idea is recognizable and memorable.

3. A melody can be described as:

- ascending
(getting higher)
- descending
(getting lower)
- stagnant
(staying on the same pitch)
- conjunct
(moving in step wise motion)
-
disjunct
(leaps and direction changes)
RANGE
Distance between lowest and highest pitches in a melody (can be described as being 'narrow' or 'wide')
The distance between two notes.
INTERVAL
CONSONANCE
A pleasant-sounding harmony
DISSONANCE
Harsh or clashing sounding harmony; sense of instability.
CHORD
When two or more notes sound together.
TEMPO
- The speed of music
Some common tempo markings:
Largo, Andante, Allegro , Presto,
Accelerando, Ritardando, Moderato, etc.
METRE
The grouping of beats in music using time
signatures.
SIMPLE TIME: Time signatures in which each beat contains
two subdivisions. (i.e. 2/4, 3/4, 4/4, etc) - 2

COMPOUND TIME: Time signatures in which each beat contains
three subdivisions. (i.e. 6/8, 9/8, 12/8, etc) - 3
LISTENING EXAMPLES
BINARY
Two-part form consisting of two contrasting sections of approximately equal length.
AB
TERNARY FORM
Three-part form consisting of two contrasting sections followed by a return to the first section.
ABA
TIMBRE
Quality of sound, tone color or tone
quality
TYPE OF INSTRUMENT
For example: voice, piano, strings, woodwinds, brass, percussion, non-traditional use of non-traditional instruments, electronic instruments, etc.
DYNAMICS
Volume , intensity, or sound of a note
PIANO
FORTE
CRESCENDO
DECRESCENDO
MEZZO-FORTE
MEZZO-PIANO
PIANISSIMO
Some terms used to describe dynamics:
ARTICULATION
Refers to the style in which notes are executed.
This includes:
staccato
legato
accents
etc.
TEXTURE
The number of musical parts; the
number of musical lines occurring
at the same time.
MONOPHONIC
Term used to describe a melodic line that is made of a single melody - there are no harmonies.
POLYPHONIC
Term used to describe a piece that is made of 2 or more melodic lines.
HOMOPHONIC
One voice provides the melody while the other lines provides blocks of harmony.
What is the form?
2 beats
2 beats
3 beats
3 beats
4 beats
4 beats
Full transcript