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ELEMENTS OF MUSIC
Transcript of ELEMENTS OF MUSIC
For our puposes, we'll consider this element as anything to do with time.
The structure of a piece or plan of music; terms are used to describe how a piece of music is organized.
Element of music relating to the simultaneous sounds of two or more notes/pitches.
Element of music relating to the highness of lowness of a sound frequency.
1. A series of pitches that create a musical idea.
2. The main idea is recognizable and memorable.
3. A melody can be described as:
(staying on the same pitch)
(moving in step wise motion)
(leaps and direction changes)
Distance between lowest and highest pitches in a melody (can be described as being 'narrow' or 'wide')
The distance between two notes.
A pleasant-sounding harmony
Harsh or clashing sounding harmony; sense of instability.
When two or more notes sound together.
- The speed of music
Some common tempo markings:
Largo, Andante, Allegro , Presto,
Accelerando, Ritardando, Moderato, etc.
The grouping of beats in music using time
SIMPLE TIME: Time signatures in which each beat contains
two subdivisions. (i.e. 2/4, 3/4, 4/4, etc) - 2
COMPOUND TIME: Time signatures in which each beat contains
three subdivisions. (i.e. 6/8, 9/8, 12/8, etc) - 3
Two-part form consisting of two contrasting sections of approximately equal length.
Three-part form consisting of two contrasting sections followed by a return to the first section.
Quality of sound, tone color or tone
TYPE OF INSTRUMENT
For example: voice, piano, strings, woodwinds, brass, percussion, non-traditional use of non-traditional instruments, electronic instruments, etc.
Volume , intensity, or sound of a note
Some terms used to describe dynamics:
Refers to the style in which notes are executed.
The number of musical parts; the
number of musical lines occurring
at the same time.
Term used to describe a melodic line that is made of a single melody - there are no harmonies.
Term used to describe a piece that is made of 2 or more melodic lines.
One voice provides the melody while the other lines provides blocks of harmony.
What is the form?